Marcos’ first 100 days: Fighting COVID without a DOH chief | Inquirer News

Marcos’ first 100 days: Fighting COVID without a DOH chief

By: - Content Researcher Writer / @inquirerdotnet
/ 06:14 PM October 07, 2022


MANILA, Philippines—President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and his administration inherited a slew of health-related problems from the Duterte administration, including those beyond the Marcos administration’s control, like the COVID-19 pandemic.

Before Marcos took over, then-President Rodrigo Duterte was criticized for his pronouncements on managing the COVID-19 situation in the country. Among these was his “shoot them dead” warning for violators of lockdown measures.


Some of Duterte’s statements—despite his Cabinet’s effort to explain the intention behind those—have been connected to the vaccine panic among the public last year.

READ: Reckless statements behind jab panic: If that ‘somebody’ is Duterte

The Department of Health (DOH) and its officials, especially former Health Secretary Francisco Duque III, also had their share of controversies during the pandemic.


READ: DOH dodges string of controversies under Duterte

From “dropping the ball” on vaccine acquisition and “flip-flopping” COVID-19 policies to the controversial overpriced pandemic deals, the DOH during Duterte was able to dodge a string of issues.

READ: As probe shines light on COVID deals, more questions arise

When Marcos was elected to office in elections last May, he vowed to fix the previous administration’s flaws and shortcomings in the government’s response to COVID-19.

“There were shortcomings in the COVID-19 response. We will fix them, out in the open, no more secrets in public health,” Marcos said at his inaugural speech last June 30.

READ: ‘No more secrets’: Bongbong Marcos vows to fix COVID-19 response snags

As the new administration reaches its first 100 days, looked back at the progress and status of health-related policies in managing the country’s COVID cases amid the ongoing pandemic.


A few months ago, the newly sworn-in Marcos also promised that the country would not be “caught unprepared, underequipped, and understaffed to fight the next pandemic.”

“To start with, we never got over the pandemic of poor, if any, free public health. The last major upgrade of our public health system exemplified by the resources poured into PGH predates the current shambles by three generations,” he said.

In July, during his first State of the Nation Address (Sona), Marcos again left the public with another promise, saying that there would be no more lockdowns as a means to fight COVID.


“For our health situation, the threat of COVID-19 is still there, especially now that variants are being discovered. But we cannot afford another lockdown,” Marcos said, speaking in Filipino.

“We will not implement another lockdown. We have to balance our health and the welfare of our citizens at one end and the economy on the other.”

READ: FULL TEXT: President Marcos’ 1st Sona

The President likewise promised to establish the country’s own Center for Disease Control and Prevention and a vaccine institute.

“Together with Congress, we will create a Center for Disease Control and Prevention and a Vaccine Institute,” he said.

READ: Bongbong Marcos vows to establish PH CDC, vaccine institute

The establishment of the Philippines’ vaccine institute has been previously mentioned and tackled during the previous administration, with the vision of it being “Duterte’s legacy.”

However, the Duterte administration failed to do it, even after the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) was instructed to set aside funds for the proposed vaccine institute.

READ: As his ‘legacy,’ Duterte wants to establish PH’s own vaccine institute — Palace

Still no health secretary

In his first 100 days, however, Marcos has yet to name a health secretary that would lead the DOH amid the continuing fight against COVID-19.

At the end of Duterte’s term, Duque—who was placed in the hot seat in 2021 over what some lawmakers said was his failure of leadership, negligence, lack of foresight, and inefficiency in handling the COVID-19 pandemic—stepped down from his position as health secretary without a successor to take over the agency.

READ: Duque exits DOH sans successor in new admin

READ: When ‘crocodile tears’ are shed: Duque and his shrinking space

READ: ‘Nakasandal sa pader’: Duque secures grip in DOH with Duterte backing

Before he left his post, Duque said that the next head of DOH must be experienced in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic.

GRAPHIC: Ed Lustan

“It would be good that whoever they place in that position has experience involving and working with us in addressing this pandemic,” he said.

When asked why there is no health secretary yet amid the continuing fight against the pandemic, Marcos explained that the DOH’s job was not limited to dealing with COVID-19.

“We have to remember that the DOH is not about COVID alone. It’s about public health in general. That’s another side of it, and it’s as important as COVID is,” the President said in a television interview.

He also noted that until the DOH’s structure is finalized, the government must keep it functioning.

“There are many other elements to the DOH […] Actually, I’m hoping, and I’m thinking that […] the consultants that are helping us, putting the new structure of the DOH together, that’s where our new secretary will come from.”

Last July, Marcos appointed Health Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeire as officer-in-charge of the DOH. Other key DOH officials were also appointed last month.

In a column published on September 26, Australian-Filipino businessman Peter Wallace urged the President to appoint a health secretary immediately.

“It’s no exaggeration to say people are dying, but they wouldn’t if there were a health secretary. This decision can no longer be delayed,” Wallace said, adding that Vergeire—without “the power to introduce the major reforms the health service demands”—could only hold the fort in transition.

READ: DOH secretary now

State of calamity

Last September 12, then Press Secretary Trixie Cruz-Angeles announced that the state of calamity in place nationwide because of COVID was likely to last for three more months.

According to Angeles, this was to allow more time for indemnification, emergency procurement, and release of special risk allowances for healthcare workers.

“The state of calamity is extended for possibly three months but only for the purpose of preserving the benefits under it such as but not limited to the indemnification, emergency procurement, special risk allowance for healthcare workers,” she said

“We will transition out of the state of calamity after further review,” she added.

READ: Palace: State of calamity due to COVID continued for ‘possibly 3 months’

Earlier that month, the DOH said it recommended extending the state of calamity to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).

In March 2020, then-President Duterte signed Proclamation No. 922, which declared a state of public health emergency in the country due to the coronavirus outbreak.

According to the proclamation, the state of public health emergency could “remain in force and effect until lifted or withdrawn by the President.”

GRAPHIC: Ed Lustan

A separate proclamation declaring a state of calamity in the Philippines due to COVID-19 was also signed by Duterte.

The state of calamity was initially supposed to last only until September 2020. However, it has been extended three times now. The recent proclamation extending the period of the state of calamity signed by Marcos will end on December 31 this year.

COVID policies

Last month, when the Palace announced the extension of the country’s state of calamity due to COVID-19, Malacañang also announced that Marcos had signed Executive Order No.3.

The EO removes the requirement to wear masks outdoors as part of COVID protocol but reiterated the need to continue complying with minimum health standards.

“We issued today EO No. 3 allowing the voluntary wearing of face masks in outdoor settings and maintaining the enforcement of minimum public health standards during the state of a public health emergency for the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Perez.

GRAPHIC: Ed Lustan

The EO, however, emphasized that immunocompromised individuals, senior citizens, and those who are not fully vaccinated against COVID are “strongly encouraged” to continue wearing face masks even outdoors.

READ: Face mask use now voluntary outdoors but…

This came a few days after the DOH expressed concern and hostility toward a local government’s move to make wearing face masks against COVID-19 optional.

The DOH’s confusing stance on COVID safety policy was pointed out by health reform advocate and former special adviser to the National Task Force on COVID-19 Dr. Tony Leachon.

Adding to the confusion was the DOH’s graphics, or visual aids, released days before EO No. 3 was signed by Marcos, which reminded the public of the need for protection against COVID by wearing masks outdoors.

'MAS LIGTAS ANG NAKAMASK'BASAHIN: Narito ang mga pangunahing dahilan kung bakit mas mainam pa rin ang pagsusuot ng…

Posted by Department of Health (Philippines) on Wednesday, September 7, 2022

“Surprisingly, the DOH, based on their website, has released infographics supporting the use of face masks. It’s quite counterintuitive,” Leachon told

“IATF’s recommendation is to liberalize our mask-wearing mandate and make mask-wearing outdoors voluntary across the country—and yet DOH released posters/reminders on the importance of masking,” he added.

“I think DOH doesn’t want blood in their hands.”

READ: To wear, or not wear, face masks vs COVID: The zigzag road PH is taking

Although the order detailed where people can remove their masks (open spaces, non-crowded outdoor areas with good ventilation) and who are still required to keep their masks on at all times, some worry that the new mandate might be open to self-interpretation.

“EO No. 3 makes mask wearing voluntary in ‘open spaces and non-crowded areas with good ventilation.’ Unfortunately, ‘open,’ ‘non-crowded,’ and ‘good ventilation’ are all open to personal interpretation and opinion, which doesn’t solve, but rather creates more, problems,” lawyer Theodore Te had said in a tweet.

READ: Mask outdoors now optional: Taking risks vs COVID

Last September 30, weeks after the confusing mandate on the voluntary wearing of face masks in public was released, independent pandemic monitor Octa Research Group reported a slight uptick in COVID positivity rate while the reproduction number dropped.

Octa fellow Dr. Guido David said Metro Manila’s positivity rate climbed to 18.9% last September 28 from 17.55% last September 21. COVID reproduction dropped to 1.10 as of September 26 from 1.28 logged as of September 19.

READ: Octa: NCR COVID-19 positivity rate up; reproduction number drops

Data last October 6 showed that the country’s total COVID-19 cases had reached 3,961,349. Out of the total cases, 26,380 were classified as active cases.

At least 3,871,820 recovered, while 63,149 died.

Adjusting ‘impossible’ vaccine target

Due to low booster rate coverage, Vergeire announced last September that the DOH would not reach its initial target of inoculating 50 percent of the country’s eligible population with the COVID booster shot in the first 100 days of the Marcos administration—or by October 8.

“Right now, our booster doses is really at 23 percent. It is at 18 million. The numbers are really anemic. When we look at this, we really cannot reach the 50 percent during the first 100 days,” she said.

GRAPHIC: Ed Lustan

Last September 22, the DOH adjusted its target for the COVID booster campaign to 30 percent by October 8.

“Due to the pace at which our booster vaccination is going, we have adjusted our target only for the first 100 days to 30 percent,” said Vergeire in a statement.

“Even so, this does not mean we will be lax in our efforts and settle for just reaching 30 percent. On the contrary, we are doubling down on our campaign to reach and even surpass our target of 30 percent by October 8 and 50 percent by the end of the year,” she added.

READ: DOH adjusts COVID booster target to 30% in Marcos’ first 100 days

Based on the latest vaccination numbers last October 4, around 19.7 million Filipinos have already received booster shots. This accounts for 25 percent of the current COVID-19 vaccine target.

The government had already administered a total of 163,783,308 doses. Of those, 70,653,006 were the first dose while 73,229,516 for second dose.

Vergeire clarified that the initial 50 percent target for the government’s “PinasLakas” booster vaccine program would remain the same until the end of 2022.


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Marcos’ 1st 100 days: Speaker says PH on right track, but Castro says otherwise

P296.3-B health budget for 2023: Higher but still ‘not enough’

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TAGS: 100 days, BBM, Bongbong Marcos, COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, DoH, DOH secretary, Ferdinand Marcos Jr., Health, INQFocus, Vaccination
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