Makabayan lawmaker hits bill requiring military service | Inquirer News

Makabayan lawmaker hits bill requiring military service

05:40 AM July 30, 2022
Kabataan Rep. Raoul Daniel Manuel

Kabataan Rep. Raoul Daniel Manuel. FACEBOOK PHOTO

A rookie Makabayan lawmaker has criticized a proposal of Speaker Martin Romualdez to require Filipinos to render military service, if public safety or actual invasion so requires.

Kabataan Rep. Raoul Daniel Manuel on Friday wondered if the Philippines is gearing for war, following the filing of House Bill No. 11, or the proposed National Defense Act of 2022.


“Are we preparing for a war? We are attracting the foreign capital of other nations, there are laws being passed to make it favorable and open up the Philippines more to foreign capital,” Manuel said in a Makabayan bloc briefing on Friday.

“It means that there is no war to prepare for, so the purpose is only to pacify and control the people’s capacity for critical thinking,” he said.


HB 11 was filed by Romualdez, Tingog Representatives Yedda Marie Romualdez and Jude Acidre, and House senior deputy majority leader and Ilocos Norte Rep. Ferdinand Alexander Marcos.

The bill seeks to amend the National Defense Act of 1935, or Commonwealth Act No. 1, which was meant to hasten the creation of an independent Philippine military.

87-year-old law

The 1935 law provided for the conscription, or drafting, of Filipino men between the ages of 21 and 50 into military reserve units.

By 1939, there were already 4,800 officers and 104,000 enlisted men in the reserves, but this was interrupted by the Japanese invasion in 1941.

In 2019, then Muntinlupa Rep. Ruffy Biazon also filed a measure seeking to amend the National Defense Act, now 87 years old, which was only meant to establish a new military and not to modernize already existing armed forces.

Biazon’s bill got stuck in the House committee on national defense and security until the 18th Congress ended.

The Speaker had yet to comment on Manuel’s criticism at press time, but Acidre said that “mobilization in defense of country is a must for any nation to survive. Any patriot knows this.”


Acidre stressed that HB 11 is “not a sounding call for Filipinos to arm themselves for war.”

“Nor does it require mandatory military service in normal times. HB 11 requires mandatory military service for all citizens only when the President mobilizes the nation ‘in case of actual invasion or when public safety requires,’” Acidre said.

Besides, Acidre said, “any mobilization plan, according to our proposed measure, shall conform to the provisions of the Constitution.”

“Military service in wartime does not only involve carrying guns and shooting people. There are also priests, doctors, nurses, engineers and other professionals needed for their service in war,” Acidre said.

Nonetheless, Manuel also objected to the proposal to require senior high school students to undergo Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) training.

“Mandatory ROTC will only entail additional expenses for uniforms and training fees for students and their families. It will also hinder the critical thinking of the youth and does not promote true nationalism,” Manuel said. INQ






By Julie M. Aurelio


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TAGS: Makabayan, ROTC
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