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Today, Feb. 6, is the 50th death anniversary of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Born on March 22, 1869, Aguinaldo was known as a strong leader of the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan and the President of the first Philippine Republic. After the Spanish-American War, Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, in Kawit, Cavite. He died in 1964 at Veterans Memorial Hospital in Quezon City at the age of 94.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Today (Monday) is the 202nd birth anniversary of Melchora Aquino, the “Mother of the Philippine Revolution.” Also known as Tandang Sora, she supported Katipuneros when the revolution broke out in 1896 by providing them with food and nursing those wounded in battle. She was later arrested, jailed and deported to Guam, where she lived in exile for six years. She returned to the Philippines in 1903 after being repatriated. Aquino died on March 2, 1919, at the age of 107. Her remains are interred at the Mausoleum of the Veterans of the Philippine Revolution at the Manila North Cemetery.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
By Maricar B. Brizuela
One hundred years after it was erected, the Rizal memorial statue (Rizal Monument) was declared a national cultural treasure on Monday by the National Museum of the Philippines.
By Ambeth R. Ocampo
One hundred and seventeen years ago, Jose Rizal was executed after he had been tried for treason and convicted for being “the living soul of the revolution.” It was not enough to snuff out his life, however. The revolution had caused damage to the State that the court set at P1 million, to be paid from the doomed man’s assets.
By Dr. Pablo S. Trillana III
, Order of the Knights of Rizal and Philippine Historical Association
Today (Monday) is the 117th anniversary of the martyrdom of Dr. Jose Rizal. It is also the centennial of the inauguration of the bronze-and-granite monument erected in his honor at Manila’s 58-hectare Rizal Park. Originally called “Motto Stella” (“Guiding Star”), it is better known now as the Rizal Monument.
By Kirstin Bernabe
Public school teacher Teresa Valenzona of Tacloban City groped for words as she tried to recall the day Supertyphoon “Yolanda” battered her village of San Jose. Howling winds and surging waters sent her and her family of five scrambling to safety in a neighbor’s two-story house.
By Erika Sauler
Citing historical documents that say the Katipunan was transformed into a revolutionary government, the Manila City Council recently passed a resolution urging the national government to recognize Andres Bonifacio as the first president of the Tagalog Republic.
To mark Andres Bonifacio’s 150th birth anniversary, the History Department of the University of Asia and the Pacific (UA&P) held last Nov. 7-9 a seminar-workshop for social studies and history teachers nationwide.
By Niña P. Calleja
Supporters of slain opposition leader Sen. Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. gathered Sunday morning on the spot he was shot dead 30 years ago and called on the public to give 30 minutes of their time every week to help those in need.
Today, Aug. 14, is the 178th birth anniversary of Jacinto Zamora, known as one of the Gomburza priests. The secular priest and martyr born in Pandacan, Manila, in 1835 worked for the secularization of the Filipino clergy. He was executed on Feb. 17, 1872, together with Mariano Gomez and Jose Burgos for allegedly instigating the Cavite Mutiny that year. Elementary schools in Manila and Pasay have been named in his honor.—Schatzi Quodala, Inquirer Research
By Tonette Orejas
Instead of excerpts from the works of foreign poets and philosophers on the walls of classrooms, why not words of wisdom from homegrown heroes Dr. Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio and other defenders of Philippine freedom?
Commemorating Araw ng Kagitingan, Team PNoy senatorial candidate Jamby Madrigal said on Tuesday that the Philippines needs modern day heroes to fight the war against poverty, hunger and corruption.
By Bryan C. Paraiso
Andres Bonifacio is best known in Philippine history as the Supremo of the Katipunan, the peasant army that launched the Philippine Revolution against Spain in 1896.