K-12 may increase dropout rate, Cayetano warns


Senator Alan Peter Cayetano. RYAN LEAGOGO/INQUIRER.net FILE PHOTO

MANILA, Philippines — Senator Alan Peter Cayetano expressed concern over the K-12 program, saying that it could increase the dropout rate of students and that it might be better to improve schools’ facilities for a more complete learning experience.

“Currently, 36 percent [of students] drop out after elementary and only 44 percent graduate high school,” Cayetano told reporters Thursday after his ethics committee hearing.

The graduation rate might decrease to 35 percent because of the addition of two more years, he said.

The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2012, or K-12 education program, seeks to add two years in high school that will enable students to learn specialized courses on business and entrepreneurship, humanities and arts, technical-vocational courses, or academics. It was recently passed in the House of Representatives Monday.

Philippines is reportedly the only one in Asia, and one of three nations worldwide, with 10 years of basic education. The K-12 program seeks to improve that to comply with international standards.

Parents however were wary of the program because it would mean two additional years of paying for their child’s tuition.

Cayetano also pointed out that the length of years a student stays in college was not necessarily reflective of the education that they receive. He cited the Philippine Science High School which he said was better than other schools. “It’s not because they have longer years but because of better facilities, better teachers and more funding,” Cayetano said.

“The question is: would we rather have just grades 1-6 [for elementray] and years 1-4 for high school [but] with all facilities complete or two more years with inadequate facilities?” he asked.

Cayetano however clarified that was fully supportive of the government’s aim to improve the quality of education in the country.

“I’m fully supportive of the government. They gave 20 percent more budget to the Department of Education (DepEd) which has never been done by any other administration. However, I have a disagreement with the approach,” he said.

Cayetano suggested that, since the DepEd mentioned in a presentation that the most important learning age for a child was from 0-6 years old, maybe the two years could be added to kindergarten instead of in high school.

He also said that the learning experience could be improved by providing better facilities and increasing the wages of teachers.

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  • JuanTamadachi

    Maybe it will and maybe it won’t.. I suggest we it a try.

    • pangitbudhiko

      give it a try, so parang barko na walang “””layag””” ang mangyayari duon sa barko na walang “””layag, hindi makakarating duon sa kanyang destinasyon

      • JuanTamadachi

        The premise of my post is “Maybe it will and maybe it won’t”. You get my drift Kemo Sabay?

      • pangitbudhiko

        I got what your saying, kaya nga inihambing ko sa barko

      • JuanTamadachi

        Even cayetano is not sure that k12 will result in increased dropouts. That is why he used the word “may”.  What I was driving at is, if we give k12 a try and it results in quality education; and hence more and better employment for our graduates, then the time, effort and money spent will have been worth it. 
        Of course what you said in your comment is possible too and it may just be the end result of k12, a rudderless boat..

      • JuanTamadachi

         btw, hubba great weekend, kemo sabay

  • Your_King

    Part of being the President is having a clear plan and direction. However, it doesn’t seem that Aquino has a clear plan and direction for his Administration in terms of Philippine education.

  • pangitbudhiko

    Dito sa canada hangang grade 12 at meron option to still study until grade 13. But dito, ang mga school, pagtungtung nila sa grade 8 at maghihigh school na, alam ng mga bata kung ano ang kukunin nila  pagtuntungan sa  grade 9. Kung ang estudyante ay inclined sa engineering, o magaling sa math, o magaling sumulat, at kung ano ano pa, at duon sila papasuking ng  mga namamahala sa paaralan, ang paaralan dito ay meron mga specialty school tulad , ng school for the arts, Technical High School or high school for applied science.. Kung makatapos ang bata sa Technical school puwede na siyan mag apprentice sa ganuon linya ng trabaho at the same time papasok na sila sa university.  to get their university degrees in that line.Ang apprenticeship dito ay may sahod, and that pay for their university schooling.

    Malaki ang pagkakaiba ng high school sa Pilipinas at sa Canada. Dahil sa Pilipinas high school is geared towards the academics, there are no Technical school or Arts school sa Pilipinas, Lahat ng mga estudyante sa Pilipinas, gusto maging abogado or nurse. siguro sa 10 estudyante sa Pilipinas isa lang ang pipili na maging inhinyero.

  • blainz

    “He cited the Philippine Science High School which he said was better than other schools. “It’s not because they have longer years but because of better facilities, better teachers and more funding.””

    Disingenuous argument. Pisay rigorously selects for applicants with the highest aptitudes [IQ]. It’s a school for the gifted, that’s why they have better funding, facilities, and teachers.

    If Alan Cayetano has anything that boosts IQ by at least 40 points, I’d like to know; he only has to look at his Majority Floor Leader to find a senator needing an injection straight to the brain.

  • opinyonlangpo

    This must be very difficult for both parents and students. Even the DepEd are not totally prepared for this big change in the educational system. The change is made to suit the international requirements, meaning they don’t expect to be able to absorb the graduates for local employment and these graduates can only look at abroad for employment. Maybe better to put people in charge who can generate jobs rather than messing with the education system. 

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_DTLSJUKB7UD6OHFVJGSVF3NZRE Bogs

    Ang dahilan kaya maraming drop out ay maraming babagsak dahil sa grading system nila. Mantakin mo, 75 ang passing grade tapos ang computation nila is (raw score)/(total score) * 100. 

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_FFVPH2R22XWJ3Z6QOP3WBA6KA4 EC

    The reason I am supportive of K-12 program is that I see many bright students spend their time in idleness after graduating high school because their parents can’t afford to send them to college and they are still too young to find employment. I also see not-so-bright students of some relatively well-off parents dropping off after two years of college because their brains cannot handle further instruction. For poor parents, K-12 like having their children getting two years of college education for free while students who are not meant for college need not bother to enroll in college anymore.

  • mark_john21

    Not impressed with Cayetano’s logic.  I taught  for some years in a private college and I found it so disgusting to teach most freshmen students who could hardly comprehend in English. Anyone who has a teaching experience in the first year college in the Philippines can relate to this problem. So go on with that K-12  program to help address this problem.

  • boybakal

    You said that Mr. Senator because you’re done of schooling.
    K12 is like 12 years imprisonment, you cannot do anything except what the school says.
    There is no freedom in school, subject to teacher’s torture.
    Make it easy for kids, K10 is better than K12.
    Only in gold that 12K has more value than 10K.
    What is the point of learning too much if there is nothing to work after school.

  • aldhins

    Ibang magulang di na kayang suportahan pag-aaral ng mga anak lalo na sa mahihirap ultimo mga OFW dito sa middle east umaalma na rin sa K-12. mga ibang bansa  na ganyan systema nila di naman  naiiwan ang mga pinoy pag dating sa ka alaman kung  walang tiwala  mga employer sa pinoy di sila mag hire ng mga manggagawang pinoy kahit mas malaki sweldo ng pinoy kumpara sa ibang-lahi.

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