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In the Know: We have no ‘national hero’

/ 01:43 AM November 30, 2013

According to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) Research, Publication and Heraldry Division, the Philippines does not have a single, official national hero because no law has been passed to recognize a national hero.

The title “national hero” came from the guidelines of the NHCP (formerly called National Historical Institute [NHI]) and was granted through public acclamation, the NHCP said.

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The guidelines, contained in an NHI document dated November 1995 and obtained by the Inquirer, defined Filipino heroes as “those who have a concept of nation and thereafter aspire and struggle for the nation’s freedom” and those who “contribute to the quality of life and destiny of a nation,” among other characteristics.

The document also describes a hero as someone who “thinks of the future, especially the future generations.”

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According to the NHCP, Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio are called national heroes because they are recognized as heroes “on a national level.”

But while no laws have been passed proclaiming a national hero, several laws and proclamations have been issued honoring them, including those declaring Bonifacio’s birth anniversary, Nov. 30, a holiday and Rizal’s death anniversary, Dec. 30, a day of national mourning.—Compiled by Inquirer Research

Sources: NHCP, NCCA

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TAGS: Andres Bonifacio, Jose Rizal, National Hero, National Historical Commission of the Philippines
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