MANILA, Philippines — A deadly earthquake in the central Philippines on Tuesday highlighted the Southeast Asian archipelago’s vulnerability to natural disasters.
The Philippines is located along a typhoon belt and the so-called Ring of Fire, a vast Pacific Ocean region where many of Earth’s earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
The following are the 10 deadliest natural disasters on record in the Philippines, based on government or United Nations figures:
1. A tsunami triggered by a magnitude 7.9 earthquake devastates the Moro Gulf on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao on August 16, 1976, killing between 5,000 and 8,000 people.
2. Tropical Storm “Uring” (international name: Thelma) unleashes flash floods on the central city of Ormoc on Leyte island on November 15, 1991, killing more than 5,100.
3. Typhoon “Pablo” (international name: Bopha) smashes into the main southern island of Mindanao on December 3, 2012. Rarely hit by cyclones, the region suffers about 1,900 people dead or missing.
4. A 7.8 magnitude earthquake strikes the mountain resort of Baguio City and other areas of the northern Philippines on July 16, 1990, killing 1,621 people.
5. Typhoon “Nitang” (international name: Ike) hits the central islands on August 31, 1984, killing 1,363 people.
6. Taal volcano, about 60 kilometers (30 miles) from Manila, erupts on January 30, 1911, killing about 1,300 people living in nearby villages.
7. Mayon volcano in the far east of the country erupts on February 1, 1814, burying the nearby town of Cagsawa with ash and rock and killing about 1,200 people.
8. An entire mountainside collapses on the village of Guinsaugon on the central island of Leyte on February 17, 2006, killing 1,126.
9. Tropical Storm “Sendong” (international name: Washi) hits the northern part of Mindanao island on December 16, 2011, killing at least 1,080 people.