For notarizing document without client present, lawyer suspended by SC


Notaries public have been forewarned.

The Supreme Court has suspended a notary public from the practice of law for one year after he notarized a document despite the absence of the person executing it.

In a decision dated Feb. 13 and released recently, the Supreme Court’s Third Division found lawyer Roseller Viray of Asingan, Pangasinan, guilty of breaching the Code of Professional Responsibility and the 2004 Rules of Notarial Practice.

Aside from the suspension, Viray was prohibited from performing the functions of a notary public for two years. He was also warned that repetition of the offense would be dealt with “more severely.”

“Respondent’s failure to perform his duty as a notary public resulted not only in damage to those directly affected by the notarized document but also in undermining the integrity of a notary public and degrading the function of notarization. Lawyers commissioned as notaries public are mandated to discharge with fidelity the duties of their offices, such duties being dictated by public policy and impressed with public interest,” the high tribunal said in a six-page ruling penned by Justice Diosdado Peralta.

Justice Presbitero Velasco Jr., division chairman, and Justices Roberto Abad, Jose Mendoza and Marvic Leonen, division members, concurred in the ruling.

The Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) initiated an investigation of Viray after one Patrocinio Agbulos filed a complaint in the Office of the Bar Confidant alleging the lawyer had notarized a document known as an affidavit of nontenancy in her name even though she never executed such a document and the signature and the community tax certificate (CTC) presented during the notarization process were not hers.

Agbulos claimed it was Viray’s client, Rolando Dollente, who benefited from the falsified affidavit which helped in the illegal transfer of a property registered in her name to Dollente.

In his defense, Viray admitted preparing and notarizing the document at the request of Dollente, who assured him it had been personally signed by Agbulos and the CTC was hers. Viray claimed good faith when he notarized the document and later even apologized to Agbulos.

IBP investigating commissioner Dennis Funa recommended a guilty verdict against Viray for violation of the Code of Professional Responsibility and the 2004 Rules on Notarial Practice and that he be given the penalty of six months’ suspension as a lawyer and six months’ suspension as a notary public.

In April 2008, the IBP board of governors approved Funa’s recommendation but lowered his suspension from law practice to just one month.

The Supreme Court, however, raised the penalty, citing Viray’s admission of his indiscretion.

“With his indiscretion, he allowed the use of a CTC by someone who did not own it. Worse, he allowed himself to be an instrument of fraud. Based on existing jurisprudence, when a lawyer commissioned as a notary public fails to discharge his duties as such, he is meted out the penalties of revocation of his notarial commission, disqualification from being commissioned as a notary public for a period of two years, and suspension from the practice of law for one year,” the high court said.

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  • tata_boy

    Bakit naman napakagaan ng parusa ng abogago.

  • Weder-Weder Lang

    I think SC should also look into the 5 horse caretakers of the Cojuangcos who purported to be Luisita land distribution beneficiaries. Their affidavits were notarized despite their absence.

  • geminimind

    I remembered what I posted before that the stamp pad business is on the rise.

  • batangsulpok

    Maraming abogadong gumagawa ng ganyan sa Pilipinas kaya may mga may-ari ng lupa na naililipat ang pangalan sa iba ng wala silang alam lalo na at ang tunay na may-ari ng property ay nasa ibang bansa.

  • win


  • Hey_Dudes

    This is not news anymore.  This is something notary public back home does all the time.  There are no impossibilities specially if it is about titles, SPA’s etc.etc.  We have become fakes and corrupt.

  • freeview

    Hahaha ..singled out un atty ..Notary Public..dami gumagawa ganayn SC..nung friday lang sa BF homes paranaque…Tatak si clerk and notarized d2 at doon 300 pesos singil pag affidavit ..Send your staff around Quiapo, Sta cruz , Recto…..Hulihin ninyo lahat…

  • Elizabeth Lugmo

    Ay naku…news ko po!!!!  Punta kayo sa may SSS sa East Ave., ang dami dyan may placard na “Nota de Publico”…sa gilid ng sidewalk lang sila…bat di nyo aksyonan? 

    • Drillon Recto

      LOL. Nota de Publico. Daming bading na nakanganga?

  • tugakbatan

    If you put more decoys out there, you’ll find a lot of lawyers doing this practice – notarizing documents without the person executing it.  Also, not once but more often, ang abogado naman ang wala.  Ang secretarya ang pumipirma sa documento.  What kind of legal system do we have.

    • suroy_suroy

      Hahaha, that would leave the country almost without any public notary.

    • Jose

      Yes agree ako dito same comment din nga sana ako napansin ko lang meron na pala  I have the same comment. ilang beses ko napansin ganitong practice. Another  incident Yung friend ko sa USA na nag migrate years ago nakapag execute ng SPA yung anak nya sa property naibenta yung lupa nila at na legalize yung transfer ng lupa sa iba ng di nya alam. Anyway problema na nila sa pamilya yun dahil dalawa na sila ngayon me titulo sa lupa. Pero kakatakot yang mga lawyer minsan

    • marionics

      yes but usually with the client’s express consent. e dito yata may nagdala na pinirmahan daw nung kliente e tapos etong si attorney tatangatanga e di man lang yata kinumpirma kung totoo nga o hindi. malamang kasi inabutan din siya ng malaking notarial fee kaya nabobo siyang lalo. he he sreves him right estupido hahaha

  • John Sulayman

    Ano? And they’ve only caught one person? How about the rest? They do this all the time.

    • marionics

      yes but usually with the client’s express consent. e dito yata may nagdala na pinirmahan daw nung kliente e tapos etong si attorney tatangatanga e di man lang yata kinumpirma kung totoo nga o hindi. malamang kasi inabutan din siya ng malaking notarial fee kaya nabobo siyang lalo. he he sreves him right estupido hahaha

  • tower_of_power


    • nicosan

      what are you suggesting?

  • Horst Manure

    What’s this a bit of common sense, some one at last trying to improve the judiciary and sort out liaryers good start but its like beating up some one with wet bus ticket , looong way to go but a start, 
    Fining liaryer’s could get the the country ‘s economy much improved.

  • ADD

    Ang dami nito sa Recto.

  • Firedkiken

    It’s so hard for one to become a lawyer — college, law school, and there’s the bar. And you dump all of that hard work by something stupid like this. There goes one year of livelihood for this guy.

    • Drillon Recto

      Atty. Nocase nga kasi. Dun pinupulot ang mga lawyers na hindi nagtop sa bar, sa pagnonotaryo.

  • linobog

    Some lawyers are liars…..   Most lawmakers are lawbreakers and liars.

  • Danyale

    I smell something “fishy” here. Hindi man lamang nag-initiate si attorney na tawagan or imbestigahan o kaya tinawagan muna yun isang party involved (Patrocinio Agbulos) na nasa dokumento bago niya i-notarize? As far as i know, kapag ganitong mga legal documents, party(ies) invloved are basically present during signing and attesting sa opisina ng isang lawyer o attorney, at meron pang written counter-affidavit ang party(ies) involved. And he was telling na…”he acted-upon good faith”…..gheez, real property ng isang inosenteng biktima ang nakasalalay, he just relied on his mere “good faith” doon sa isang tao na lumapit sa kanya without the other party present? Hayan tuloy, nakita mo hinahanap mo na disgrasya. Hopefully, this piece of case ay isang wake-up call para sa iba pang mga attorney/lawyer who are into  “notary public” activities.

  • mxsclxmxn

    In the P100 BILL series 2012 Serial # ZK188477 has a logo of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons. Freemasonry has its goal of destroying Christendom and replacing it with man-centered government and Satanic religion filled with errors. 
    How can this logo of a satanic group be allowed to print in the monetary instrument of the country with the constitution believing in a God asking for HIS Divine Providence?

    • Drillon Recto

      Baka peke yang P100 bill mo. Kasi di naman posible na sa isang serial # lang meron yung sinasabi mo.

  • Magsasaka

    rampant practice na to eh, ang tatanga naman ng mga taga SC kung hindi nila alam yan

  • Drillon Recto

    LOL. Kung talagang seseryosohin ng SC ang pagtiwalag sa mga ganitong uri ng mga abogado, mauubos ang mga notary public or ang mga tinatawag na Atty. No Case. Naglipana ang mga ganitong MO sa lahat ng City halls, munisipyo, sa bangketa sa Recto, atmbp.

  • joerizal

    Punta kayo sa LTO, daming notary public na pirma lang ng pirma.

  • Spike

    hahaha matagal nang nagyayari to tapos ngayon lang naisipin bigyan ng warning ng SC hahahah walang kwenta 

  • allan

    Tagal ng nangyayari yan. Normal na yan sa Recto, Lerma at mga kalye dyan malapit sa PRC. 1970’s ginagawa nayan at ngayon lang nalaman ng SC??

  • Littlefox131

    Good faith! Love your own!

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