Bill imposing tax on soft drinks may be passed next month
THE bill imposing tax on soft drinks may be passed by the House of Representatives before the year ends, a lawmaker said Thursday.
“It will be passed before the Christmas break,” ways and means committee chair Marikina Rep. Miro Quimbo said at the sidelines of the weekly Serye news forum.
Quimbo chaired the committee which passed the proposed measure that seeks to put a P10 tax per liter of sweetened beverage.
The bill seeks to impose a 10 percent ad valorem tax on soft drinks and carbonated drinks.
The tax collected would be allocated for health and other government programs.
Quimbo said his Senate counterpart Senator Sonny Angara also vowed to support the bill in the upper chamber.
“I’ve talked to Sen. Sonny Angara (chairman of the Senate Ways and Means committee) about it and he said they’ll also take it up after we’ve passed it,” Quimbo said.
Quimbo said the bill is seen to have an impact on the health sector, which will be primarily funded using the taxes collected from sweetened beverage.
He added that the bill could curb the consumption of sugar, which has been a leading cause of ailment.
Quimbo said a tax on softdrinks could generate as much as P34 billion in revenue for government each year.
“We’re passing this primarily for its impact on health. Our hope is that people will start drinking water or milk, and developing potable water systems and having access to milk that’s more affordable. That’s where the revenues from the bill will go to,” he said.
Quimbo said the tax would not have a significant impact on the sugar industry.
“The studies we’ve read showed the sugar industry will not be in any way affected because it’s a small segment— meaning, the amount of sugar produced by domestic farmers is not enough to accommodate the industry’s needs. Marami ay imported sugar pa rin… Bulk of those that will be taxed is the artificially sweetened beverages, which we believe are causing harm,” he said.
According to the substitute bill approved by the committee on Tuesday, the tax rate on sugar sweetened beverage under the tax code would be amended to impose a P10 excise tax.
The tax rate would be increased by four percent every year thereafter from Jan. 1, 2017.
Examples of sweetened beverage are soft drinks, fruit drinks, sports drinks, sweetened tea and coffee drinks, energy drinks, and all other non-alcoholic beverage that are ready-to-drink and in powder form.
Excluded from being taxed are natural fruit juices, natural vegetable juices, yogurt, milk products, and meal replacement beverage or medical food, weight loss product, among others.
The revenue from soft drinks tax would be pooled as a health promotion fund. At least 50 percent would be accrued as a general fund, and the remaining half would be allocated as follows: 20 percent to the Department of Health, 20 percent to the Department of Education, three percent to the Department of Interior and Local Government, two percent to the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI), two percent to the Bureau of Internal Revenue, and three percent to the Food and Drug Administration (FDI).
The bill said the fund would be used for programs such as medicine and medical assistance, potable water in public schools and local government units, as well as for the BIR’s tax administration, and for the FNRI and FDA’s research and programs.
Finance and health officials have backed the bill as it would hike revenue collections for health programs. But beverage companies opposed the measure as it would drastically cut their revenues and bring about job cuts amid slower production.
In a statement on Tuesday, the Beverage Industry Association of the Philippines (BIAP) said the proposed measure imposing taxes on common household products like soft drinks and powdered coffee would make these more expensive to the ordinary consumer.
“At the core is giving Filipino consumers more power and more of their hard-earned money back, which they will plow back into the broader economy through spending on goods and services. To impose a tax on soft drinks and other sweetened beverages like powdered juice drinks, three-in-one coffee, and ready-to-drink juice is taking away this power from the Filipino consumer,” the BIAP said.
“This additional tax on basic goods and products commonly purchased by majority of Filipinos, particularly those in the lower socio-economic classes, will make items like coffee, juice and soft drinks more expensive for ordinary workers,” it added.
The BIAP said its opposition to the bill is consistent with the Aquino administration’s vow not to impose taxes as it would impede industry competitiveness.
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