Woman Huk commander’s wish: Care for Huk vets
CITY OF SAN FERNANDO, Philippines— Honored on Monday for her contribution to attaining social justice for farmers, the last living, high-ranking female commander of the anti-Japanese army Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) avoided praise, urging instead for care for her old comrades.
“Let’s give them attention,” Simeona Punsalan-Tapang, also known as “Commander Guerrero,” told Pampanga Gov. Lilia Pineda, provincial board members and employees who gathered in a tribute to her at the provincial capitol here on Monday.
“Please help them. That’s my wish,” she said.
The testimonial was given a day before her 92nd birthday. Fetched by an ambulance from her house in San Simon town, she joined the event in a worn-out wheelchair.
She recited a poem hailing freedom fighters from the ranks of farmers, workers and intellectuals. “Democracy was won with heavy sacrifices and lives,” she said.
The most that she said about herself in the struggle to liberate the Philippines from Japan and the United States was, “Even for a moment I did not complain.”
On Tapang’s request, Pineda asked the provincial board to pass an ordinance giving monthly aid to Hukbalahap veterans recognized by the Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO).
Last week, the PVAO resumed Tapang’s old age pension of P6,700 monthly, which stopped coming in March. She was able to withdraw her money after PVAO Administrator Ernesto Carolina, at the intervention of the Center for Kapampangan Studies, approved the revalidation of her status after confirming that she is alive.
It was not immediately known how many Hukbalahap veterans are in the PVAO’s current lists.
Tapang said the pension of Hukbalahap veterans was provided by the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos through Presidential Decree No. 1207.
During Monday’s rites, Pineda presented to Tapang a certificate of recognition, a bouquet of red roses and financial assistance.
Pineda also said they would give Tapang a new wheelchair.
“We salute you for your sacrifices and courage. The Huks played a big part in making the Philippines a free nation. You proved that Kapampangan women and men are freedom-loving,” Pineda said.
She said Tapang was the first female commander she met in person.
Tapang told reporters that her surviving comrades must have been afraid to come out because they went through a difficult time.
“They must be sad and sick. They need help,” she said.
Asked about her war exploits, she related the retreat of Apalit Squadron 104, to which she belonged, to Pulung Gubat in Guiguinto town, Bulacan province.
“My command on the front line was for us to [create] a
V-formation but my second in command refused to follow my order. I pulled out my 37-cal. gun and pointed it to him. I said, ‘Now you will have to follow my command.’ He did,” she said.
Tapang remembered the retreat that she, Felipa Culala, a Huk founder who went by the alias “Commander Dayang-Dayang,” and the rest of the First Squadron made to Zambales province on orders of Commander Banal (Bernardo Poblete of Minalin town in Pampanga).
“There was a Chinese squadron whose members always came to our rescue. I would meet some of them even after [World War II],” she said.
An organizer of Katipunang Pambansa ng mga Magsasaka sa Pilipinas before the war, Tapang said she joined the communist-led Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan after the war.
“I did not stop helping farmers,” she said.
Tapang’s first husband, a Huk fighter, died in an encounter. She remarried but her second husband, also a Huk fighter, also died in battle.
She never remarried and chose to raise her only child, Ligaya, now 66, alone.
Tapang has outlived her fellow female Huk commanders in Pampanga: Culala (of Candaba town), Remedios Gomez-Paraiso (“Commander Liwayway” of Mexico town) and Elena Poblete (“Commander Mameng” of Minalin town). Tonette Orejas, Inquirer Central Luzon
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.