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Today, Feb. 27, is the 27th death anniversary of the late Sen. Jose Diokno. Born on Feb. 26, 1922, he was known for being a nationalist, a human rights advocate and a legal luminary. When Martial Law was declared on Sept. 21, 1972, he was among the first members of the opposition to be arrested. Upon his release in 1974, he established the Free Legal Assistance Group which offered free legal services to victims of oppression under martial rule. He died in 1987 at his home in New Manila. Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
General Douglas MacArthur turned over the civil government and Malacañang to Commonwealth President Sergio Osmeña on Feb. 27, 1945, to mark the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese. Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Defense Secretary Juan Ponce Enrile and key aides finalize Enrile’s speech in which he will proclaim himself head of a ruling junta after rebel troops led by the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) assault on Malacañang. Assault is planned for Feb. 23 at 2 a.m.
On Feb. 9, Mandaluyong will celebrate two milestones in its history. The first is its 69th Liberation Day when American Liberation Forces saved the municipality from Japanese Imperial Forces during World War II. The second is its cityhood anniversary, marking its conversion from a municipality to a highly urbanized city through Republic Act No. 7675 signed by former President Fidel V. Ramos on Feb. 9, 1994. The conversion of the city was confirmed following a plebiscite held on April 10, 1994. Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Born on Feb. 1, 1663, Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo founded the Religious of the Virgin Mary (RVM), the only all-Filipino Catholic women religious congregation recognized by Rome. Today, RVM is an established educational and religious institution that provides Christian education to the Filipino youth. In 1748, then Archbishop of Manila Msgr. Pedro de la [...]
The killing of 28 Moro Army recruits on Corregidor Island on March 18, 1968, angered the Moro people, leading to an explosion of resentment over years of prejudice, ill treatment and discrimination. Moro consciousness grew and political organizations emerged. One of those groups was the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), dedicated to fighting for the establishment of an independent Bangsamoro state in Mindanao.
Padre Faura Street in Ermita, Manila, was named after Jesuit instructor and inventor Federico Faura. Born on Dec. 30, 1840, Faura’s metrological studies led to the invention of the Faura barometer that indicated the proximity and intensity of typhoons. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the Manila Observatory and Philippine Weather Bureau. Faura died on Jan. 23, 1897.
Calle Alix in Sampaloc, Manila, was renamed Legarda Avenue after Benito Legarda who was born 160 years ago today. Born in Manila on Sept. 27, 1853, he was a member of the Malolos Congress and one of the first commissioners of the Philippines to the United States. He died on Aug. 27, 1915, in France and was buried at Manila North Cemetery. Schatzi Quodala, Inquirer Research
By Joan Orendain
The eminent writer Carmen Guerrero Nakpil, a lady of discerning taste, wrote: “Each little shop held infinite treasures. I bought an evening bag of gray satin that was straight out of Paris. I have it still. It symbolizes for me the spirit of Negros.”
By Fernando del Mundo
We have one of the worst floods in years. Almost all of Western Luzon is underwater. While Typhoon “Gloring” is leaving… there is a new typhoon… So we expect the rains to continue.
The Philippine General Hospital on Taft Avenue in Manila, was created in 1907 by the Philippine Commission’s Act No. 1688. Established to cater to poor Filipinos, it was built at a cost of around P780,000. PGH was opened to the public three years later in September 1910 with 330 beds. It was attached to the Philippine Medical School, forerunner of the University of the Philippines College of Medicine. Today, the hospital has a bed capacity of 1,500 and around 4,000 employees. Schatzi Quodala, Inquirer Research
The late statesman and business magnate, former Senate President Gil Puyat, was born on Sept. 1, 1907. The youngest dean of the University of the Philippines (College of Business Administration) at age 33, he served in the Senate from 1951 to 1973. As a legislator, Puyat left a mark by instituting changes in the distribution and administration of public funds. One of his major contributions was the Budget Act, a landmark law which mandated that the national budget must include in its catalogue a schedule of projects and auditing achievements. Two years after Puyat’s death in March 1980, Buendia Avenue was renamed in his honor by virtue of Batas Pambansa Blg. 312. Schatzi Quodala, Inquirer Research
By Nikko Dizon
Ten years after the Oakwood mutiny, the military continues to regard the caper by more than 300 junior officers and enlisted men as a “wrong” but “necessary event” that led to reforms in the Armed Forces of the Philippines.