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President Jose Laurel, born on March 9, 1891, is the only President to have served in all three branches of the government. Laurel served as senator from 1925 to 1931 and associate justice of the Supreme Court from 1936 to 1941 before becoming President from 1943 to 1945. In 1951, he served again as a senator until 1957. Laurel also established the Lyceum of the Philippines and the Philippine Banking Corp. He died on Nov. 6, 1959, at the age of 68.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Before it was destroyed during World War II, Fort Santiago in Intramuros, Manila, was a two-story structure that housed the artillery companies of the Spanish Army and the cell where national hero Jose Rizal was detained. On Mar. 6, 1951, Fort Santiago was declared a national shrine in line with Republic Act No. 597. It was reconstructed in 1953 and became the Rizal Shrine.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Cayetano Arellano, the first Filipino chief justice of the Supreme Court, was born on Mar. 2, 1847. He received his law degree from the University of Santo Tomas in 1876 and served as foreign affairs minister in President Emilio Aguinaldo’s government before he was appointed head of the Supreme Court by the Americans. He died on Dec. 23, 1920.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
By Ramon Tulfo
The transfer of the celebration of the 28th People Power revolution from Manila to Cebu by President Noy smacks of historical revision, according to my fellow Inquirer columnist Amando Doronila.
By Inquirer Research
Midnight—Marcos loyalist soldiers fire through barbed wire barricades on Nagtahan Street, injuring several people. Some of Marcoses’ belongings are taken out of Malacañang. / 3:30 a.m.—Marines rejoice as orders to attack Camp Crame are canceled.
By Jia Aquino-Dee
Edsa. A name familiar to Filipinos of every age, yet vastly different in each mind’s eye.
By Carine Asutilla
, Connie E. Fernandez
Don’t be surprised if you see movie actor Dingdong Dantes moving around dressed as a military general, possibly even chomping a tobacco.
By Nestor Corrales
The true spirit of the 1986 Edsa Revolution should not change despite the problems being faced by key personalities involved during the historic People Power, Malacanang said Saturday.
Pope John Paul II first visited the Philippines on Feb. 17, 1981 and stayed in the country for six days. He beatified the first Filipino martyr, Lorenzo Ruiz, on Feb. 18, 1981. His itinerary in the country also included celebrating Masses at Manila Cathedral and the cities of Baguio, Cebu and Davao. The late pope will be canonized along with Pope John XXIII on Apr. 27. Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
By Jerry E. Esplanada
The Civil Service Commission (CSC) has declared “void” the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino’s (KWF) twin directives placing under preventive suspension the agency’s human resource officer who earlier blew the whistle on the KWF head for his unauthorized alteration of the country’s name from Pilipinas to Filipinas.
On Feb. 17, 1872, Fathers Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, collectively known as Gomburza, were executed in Bagumbayan (now Rizal Park) on suspicion of being connected with the Cavite Mutiny. –Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
Today, Feb. 6, is the 50th death anniversary of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Born on March 22, 1869, Aguinaldo was known as a strong leader of the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan and the President of the first Philippine Republic. After the Spanish-American War, Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, in Kawit, Cavite. He died in 1964 at Veterans Memorial Hospital in Quezon City at the age of 94.—Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research
On Feb. 5, 1921, the National Federation of Women’s Clubs was established primarily to unite Filipino women and advance their political rights. In the same year, it passed a resolution favoring women’s suffrage movement. Among its prominent members were Pilar Hidalgo Lim, Josefa Llanes Escoda and Trinidad Legarda. Its first president was Rosario Delgado. Marielle Medina, Inquirer Research