MANILA, Philippines?In June 1978, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1566 creating the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC).
Its job was to ?advise the President on the status of preparedness programs, disaster operations and rehabilitation efforts undertaken by the government and private sectors.?
The secretary of national defense was designated head of the council. Other members included the secretaries of public works, transportation and communications, social welfare and development, agriculture, education, finance, labor, justice, trade and industry, local government, health, and natural resources.
The Armed Forces chief of staff and the executive secretary were also NDCC members.
Last May, then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act No. 10121 reorganizing the NDCC and renaming it the ?National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council,? or NDRRMC.
Apart from advising the President, one of the NDRRMC?s primary functions is to ?develop a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework, which shall provide for a comprehensive, all-hazards, multi-sectoral, inter-agency and community-based approach to disaster risk reduction and management.?
While still chaired by the defense secretary, the NDRRMC has four vice chairs?the interior secretary, who sits as vice chairperson for disaster preparedness; the social welfare secretary (vice chairperson for disaster response); the science and technology secretary (vice chairperson for disaster prevention and mitigation); and the socioeconomic planning secretary (vice chairperson for disaster rehabilitation and recovery).
From a 19-member NDCC, the new council has become a body of more than 40 members.
They include the department secretaries, the chief of the Philippine National Police, and the presidents of the Government Service Insurance System, Social Security System, Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines, League of Provinces of the Philippines, League of Cities of the Philippines and League of Municipalities of the Philippines, among others. Kate Pedroso, Inquirer Research.
Sources: NDCC, RA 10121, PD 1566