MANILA, Philippines?The Abu Sayyaf employs beheading as a means to strike fear and grab media attention.
In 2000, two hostages were decapitated as a ?birthday gift? to President Joseph Estrada.
In 2001, the head of American Guillermo Sobero was presented as an ?Independence Day? gift to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
The group also carried out these grisly murders:
July 31, 1999: The bloody head of a kidnapped son of prominent doctors is found in a black garbage bag in a gasoline station on Jolo Island.
June 1: Two of 20 hostages seized from Dos Palmas Resort in Palawan four days earlier are executed.
June 11: Headless bodies of two of 15 workers abducted from Golden Harvest Plantation on Basilan province are found outside Isabela City.
Aug. 2: Three hostages are decapitated following an attack on Lamitan town in Basilan. Another man is found dead with his throat cut. A fifth fatality, with his head cut off, is discovered three days later.
Oct. 21: One of two brothers on their way to report for militia duty is beheaded; the other escaped.
Early in the year, a video footage is shown on TV showing the beheading of two hostages. One of the executioners, Alfredo Peńaflor, later says he was also a captive and that he was made to kill the two at gunpoint. The video is said to have been taken in December 1994.
Aug. 22: The heads of two members of the Jehovah?s Witnesses are found on fruit stalls in a Jolo market. Eliza Victoria, Inquirer Research