MANILA, Philippines -- The results of the September 2006 Bar examination will be known Tuesday night after the Supreme Court determines the passing average and decodes the names of examinees, a court official said Monday.
For the second straight year, wide-screen monitors will again be set up on the front yard of the Supreme Court near its Padre Faura entrance to show the list of the passers, according to acting information chief Midas Marquez.
Marquez said the wide screens would be more convenient because they would be bigger and easier to read unlike in previous years when the names of the successful examinees were printed in bond papers, which were posted alphabetically on a blackboard, and placed outside the Supreme Court gate.
If it would rain, Marquez said there was a "backup plan of putting the widescreen monitors at the Court of Appeals hall."
The results can also be viewed at the Supreme Court website www.supremecourt.gov.ph and at http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/examresults/.
A record 6,344 law graduates -- the most in the 106 years the Bar exam has been held -- took the September examinations, which were held on all four Sundays of the month.
Marquez said a committee chaired by Associate Justice Angelina Sandoval-Gutierrez would meet Tuesday morning to determine the passing score.
Once this is done, the process of decoding the examinees? names will begin, Marquez said.
For the September exams, the high court used more stringent measures to prevent any leakage of test questions similar to that which marred last year's nursing licensure examination.
The Bar exam involves eight weighted subjects, namely Political and International Law (15 percent), Labor and Welfare Legislation (10 percent), Civil Law (15 percent), Taxation (10 percent), Mercantile Law (15 percent), Criminal Law (10 percent), Remedial Law (20 percent), and Legal Ethics and Practical Exercises (5 percent).
Eight examiners, whose identities are confidential, are chosen and required to submit 50 handwritten questions, in last year?s case, to Sandoval-Gutierrez, who also chaired the exam.
The examiners were also not allowed to teach in law schools and their relatives barred from taking the exams in the same year.
For the questions that are actually given during the exam, Gutierrez chooses between 70 to 75 percent of the submitted questions and crafts the remaining questions herself.
In 2005, 5,607 law graduates took the Bar, with 27.22 percent, or 1,526 examinees, passing.
In 2004, 1,659 of 5,249 examinees passed and in 2003, 1,108 or 20.71 percent of 5,349 passed. In 2002, only 19 percent or 917 of the 4,659 examinees passed.
The 2003 exam was mired in controversy following a questionnaire leak and the Supreme Court ordered a retake of the section on Mercantile Law.
The Bar exam is in compliance with Article 8 Section 5 of the Constitution, which gives the Supreme Court the power to promulgate rules governing admission to the practice of law.
The first was held in 1901 with 13 examinees.
Records from the Supreme Court's earliest Bar results included top notchers like Manuel Roxas in 1913 who scored 92 percent. His score was beaten by Manuel Goyena who had an average of 93 percent.
In 1930, Tecla San Andres-Ziga became the first woman to top the Bar where she got an average of 89.4. She later on became a senator from 1963 to 1969. She held the record until 1937 when Cecilia Munoz-Palma topped the Bar exam with an average of 92.6. She later became the first woman Supreme Court justice.
A year before Palma, Diosdado Macapagal topped the Bar with an average of 89.85. He later became president of the Philippines.
In 1939, Ferdinand Marcos made history when he topped the Bar with a score of 92.35 while facing charges of murder. He reviewed inside prison.
Then, in 1944 former Senate president Jovito Salonga and the late senator Jose W. Diokno topped the Bar with a score of 95.3. Diokno made history as the first to top both the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and Bar exams. He took the CPA exam while on his second year in law school.
Salonga and Diokno's record of having the highest score remained until 1954 when Florenz Regalado got a 96.7 average, which to this date has not been topped. Regalado later became Supreme Court justice.