Latest Stories

‘Muslim terrorists,’ other errors seen in textbooks


Maramag, Bukidnon—An anthropologist based in Mindanao has raised concern over textbooks being distributed in public and private schools and approved by the Department of Education (DepEd) because these were allegedly contributing to biases against Muslims.

Jesuit priest Fr. Albert Alejo, who is also an anthropologist at the Ateneo de Zamboanga University, said Thursday that on Page 305 of the Hekasi textbook for Grade II—titled “Ang Lahing Filipino, Dakila at Marangal”—Muslims were labeled as terrorists.

He pointed to this line on the page: “Ang mga kabataan sa Mindanao ay kinukumbinsi ng mga teroristang Muslim na sumanib sa kanilang pangkat. Marami sa kanila ay nasasaktan at namamatay (The youth in Mindanao are being recruited by Muslim terrorists to join their group. Many of them get hurt and die).”

Alejo pointed out the error during the national gathering of anthropologists at the Central Mindanao University here.

He said he could not understand how DepEd missed this blunder.

“This kind of textbook has aggravated biases and would certainly aggravate the long history of conflict in Mindanao and all over the country,” Alejo said, adding that there are 60 textbooks for elementary and high school containing major errors.

He also said there are educational and visual aid posters being distributed through a popular bookstore with branches nationwide that are religiously insensitive.

The posters, he said, must have been approved by the DepEd too. The posters identified the “national food” as roast pig, he said.

Alejo said the country’s educational system should nurture unity instead of promoting a culture of hatred that now prevails in Mindanao.

“The success of peace-building programs of Catholic educational institutions must be gauged, among others, on how they move Christians into admitting that they play a part in the historical marginalization of minority groups and that there can be no just resolution to the Mindanao conflicts without their support,” he said.

Alejo said Mindanao has suffered so much because of the conflict and textbooks were not helping end it.

The rebellion in Mindanao, he said, had killed at least 50,000 people, driven 2 million people out of their homes, destroyed more than 500 mosques, 200 schools and 35 cities and towns.

“For almost three decades now, the war had cost the economy some P10 billion per year,” Alejo said.

Alejo said that aside from correcting the Grade II textbook, DepEd should also correct errors in a textbook being used in Grade IV.

He said the textbook erroneously stated that Tausugs hail from the Lanao provinces. Tausugs, said Alejo, are from Sulu. The Maguindanaon of Maguindanao were erroneously referred to as people of Davao del Sur and the Maranaos as people from Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, Alejo said.

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter

Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Tags: biases on Muslims , Department of Education , Hekasi textbook , Jesuit priest Fr. Albert Alejo , Muslim Terrorists , Textbook errors

  • Anonymous

    How many times have we heard of this kind of blunder over the printing of Textbooks given to our public & private schools. Why the DepEd failed to check the contents thoroughly of the textbook before giving it out? Fr. Alejo is right, this is a serious matter we are giving false informations to our young generation students. Are they (DepEd officials) too excited to get their share of this printing companies that they haven’t seen this error? My goodness!  

  • Nash Tatak

    DepEd should immediately recall all of this textbook ASAP…..

  • Anonymous

    More terrorism are committed by other faith denominations, other than followers of Islam, yet they are not branded according to their religions. This is injustice to good practicing fellow Filipino Muslims. We should not be biased to them. Let’s call a spade  a spade without prejudice. Nananawagan ako sa DepEd, please remove this misconception and recall the books.

Copyright © 2014, .
To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.
Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:
c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94
  1. Kim Henares needs a reprimand, says Cayetano
  2. ‘No real progress in PH if dynasties not dismantled’
  3. More legal woes for Cedric Lee
  4. Massive infra spending set
  5. OFW brings MERS virus to Philippines
  6. DOJ to NBI: Arrest Cedric Lee, 4 others
  7. Cardinal Tagle to faithful: Join politics to clean it
  8. Estrada, Gigi Reyes denied access to evidence from other respondents
  9. Lacson’s wife loses diamond earring to thieves but recovers jewelry quickly with police arrest
  10. DOJ orders arrest of Cedric Lee
  1. Suspect in Vhong Navarro mauling tries to leave PH
  2. MH370 co-pilot made mid-flight phone call – report
  3. Netizens cry: 6/55 Lotto was rigged
  4. I’ll follow my conscience on Estrada, says JV Ejercito
  5. ‘Wife of Jesus’ theory papyrus not fake – Harvard study
  6. Fr. Suarez says last Mass on Easter before returning donated land to San Miguel
  7. Gay college instructor arrested for oral sex with student
  8. ‘King’ Yabut and I: Driver bares Makati dad ‘abuses’
  9. It was difficult having Japanese blood
  10. Palace: We can’t blame increase in population on Vitangcol
  1. KL confirms Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 ended in Indian Ocean
  2. MRT passengers pass the hat for 6-year-old Ashley
  3. Pork payoffs to newscasters Erwin Tulfo, Del Prado, others bared
  4. UP back on top as ‘average’ student aces bar
  5. Rookie, lady cops lauded for quick response to MOA heist
  6. Model Helena Belmonte wished ‘to slash her wrist and hope to die’
  7. Malaysia averts another air tragedy; pilot lands troubled plane safely
  8. Revilla says he was joking; Lacson stands by his story
  9. Revilla ‘consulted’ Lacson on how he evaded arrest
  10. Police rule out foul play in Helena Belmonte’s death as boyfriend is ‘traumatized’


  • Nebraska toddler gets stuck inside claw machine
  • Philippine eagle rescued by Army turned over to DENR
  • Gunmen attack Iraq military base, kill 10 soldiers
  • South Korea president shouted down by distraught parents
  • Classmates celebrating 60th birthday among missing in ferry sinking
  • Sports

  • Nadal passes clay landmark with 300th victory
  • Wawrinka waltzes through with Monte Carlo walkover
  • Power Pinays smash India in Asian Women’s Club volleyball opener
  • PH youth boxers off to stumbling start in AIBA World tilt
  • Durant has 42, Thunder beat Pistons 112-111
  • Lifestyle

  • Pro visual artists, lensmen to judge Pagcor’s photo contest
  • ‘Labahita a la bacalao’
  • This is not just a farm
  • Clams and garlic, softshell crab risotto–not your usual seafood fare for Holy Week
  • Moist, extra-tender blueberry muffins
  • Entertainment

  • Jones, Godard, Cronenberg in competition at Cannes
  • Will Arnett files for divorce from Amy Poehler
  • American rapper cuts own penis, jumps off building
  • Jay Z to bring Made in America music fest to LA
  • Why Lucky has not bought an engagement ring for Angel
  • Business

  • Total says makes ‘very promising’ oil find off Ivory Coast
  • ‘Chinese Twitter’ firm Weibo to go public in US
  • World stocks subdued, Nikkei flat on profit taking
  • Asia stocks fail to match Wall Street gains
  • Fired Yahoo exec gets $58M for 15 months of work
  • Technology

  • Netizens seethe over Aquino’s ‘sacrifice’ message
  • Filipinos #PrayForSouthKorea
  • Taylor Swift tries video blogging, crashes into fan’s bridal shower
  • DOF: Tagaytay, QC best at handling funds
  • Smart phone apps and sites perfect for the Holy Week
  • Opinion

  • Editorial cartoon, April 17, 2014
  • A humbler Church
  • Deepest darkness
  • ‘Agnihotra’ for Earth’s health
  • It’s the Holy Week, time to think of others
  • Global Nation

  • Malaysia quarantines 64 villagers over MERS virus
  • DFA: 2 Filipinos survive Korean ferry disaster
  • PH asks airline passengers to check for MERS
  • Syria most dangerous country for journalists, PH 3rd—watchdog
  • Japan says visa-free entry still a plan
  • Marketplace