Latest Stories

Is Alzheimer’s Type 3 diabetes?


ALMOST everyone has heard of Type 2 diabetes, a metabolic disease that is linked to increased risk of multi-organ damage, involving the arteries, eyes, kidneys, heart, liver and brain.

The US National Diabetes Fact Sheet released January 26, 2011 showed 25.8 million children and adults in the United States, or 8.3 percent of the population, have diabetes. There are 18.8 million who are diagnosed and about 7 million undiagnosed. Seventy-nine million are pre-diabetics. All these figures may even be conservative. In 2010 alone, 1.9 million new cases were diagnosed among children 20 years and older. About one in every 400 children and adolescents has diabetes.

In the Philippines, the incidence is rising. We have one of the highest, if not the top, in Asia, most blaming it on our culture of eating a lot of white rice and bread, carbohydrates in general, including soft drinks. In 2008, one out of every five (20 percent) Filipinos had diabetes. Ten years before this, it was only 3.9 percent, a jump of over 5 times. Extrapolated, the actual incidence today might be around 20 million, and diabetes is among the top causes of mortality, with more than 20,000 deaths annually.

Worldwide, the incidence in 30 years jumped from 30 million to an estimated 366 million in 2011, and this is expected to catapult to 552 million in 2030, less than 17 years from now. Data from the International Diabetic Foundation: China, 90 million; Europe, 50 million; Japan, 11 million. It is indeed most concerning and frustrating since diabetes is, to a great extent, preventable, as we pointed out in great detail in the coffee-table book at www. LetsStopKillingOurChildren.com (Central Books Stores, National Book Stores, amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com)

Dementia, a form of diabetes!

Recently, the term “Type 3 diabetes” has evolved. Scientists now believe that the widespread degenerative brain disease known as Alzheimer’s is actually a form of diabetes. This study at the Rhode Island Hospital, published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, revealed that this most common and popular form of dementia is “marked by brain insulin resistance and corresponding inflammation,” a condition now referred to as Type 3 diabetes. The mechanism/ pathophysiology appears to be similar to that of Type 2 “sugar” diabetes.

The report says that the progression of Alzheimer’s is due to the brain developing resistance to the natural body hormone insulin, which impairs proper lipid (fat) metabolism, allowing lipid build-up in the brain tissues over years, resulting in greater stress and inflammation that damage brain cells and neuronal function. The lead investigator, Dr. Suzanne dela Monte, pointed out the connection between Type 2 diabetes and the several “key neuronal factors implicated in dementia.” These findings are significant in directing attending physicians “to target several pathways, not just one, to break the vicious cycle, by restoring insulin responsiveness to reduce stress and inflammation” that cause the brain to produce toxins against itself.

Peanut butter to detect Alzheimer’s

Did you know that sniffing peanut butter might lead to an early detection of the onset of Alzheimer’s? A study shows that failure to smell peanut butter could indicate beginning damage to the smell center in the brain, a sign that Alzheimer’s is setting in. More studies will surely follow this observation to confirm its validity and universal applicability in clinical medicine.

Exercise wards off Alzheimer’s

Several studies have revealed that daily exercise, even simple walking, at a slow or fast pace, reduces the risk for Alzheimer’s dementia. Any form of regular physical

activity, such as swimming, dancing, any aerobic moves (tai chi, tai bo, etc), significantly lowers the chances of

developing Alzheimer’s, and even slowing the progress of dementia. And mental calisthenics, like solving puzzles, playing chess, cerebral games, doing other challenging activities, could lessen the risk for Alzheimer’s.

Inflammation: Our body’s enemy No. 1

Since we are continuously exposed daily to various microorganisms, irritants, and toxins (physical, chemicals, natural and man-made radiation), our body is, to some extent in a chronic state of subclinical (subtle) inflammation and stress.

Science has proven that chronic inflammation is the culprit that induces hardening of the arteries, which in turn results in high blood pressure, coronary artery blockages and heart attack stroke, Alzheimer’s and cancer. Many of the illnesses are induced, caused, or aggravated by this inflammatory mechanism. Unfortunately, many of us do not listen to our body, and/or do not do enough to ward off these diseases.

Preventive measures

Living a healthy lifestyle is the best strategy to reduce, if not prevent, inflammation and all the diseases we know. This includes wisdom, awareness, acceptance and resolve. The main ingredients in this recipe are:

1. Diet. Vegetables, especially the green leafy ones, and those of various colors, green, yellow, red, orange, purple, etc … and fruits (natural, not canned) have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. The less red meat, carbs and processed food we eat, and the more fish, nuts, whole grain, high-fiber foods we consume, the better for our body. Healthy diet not only lowers our risk for diseases in general but also boosts our immune system, delays the aging process a bit and makes us physiologically younger, compared to those who abuse themselves.

2. Exercise. Humans, like other animals, were created to be on their feet and active physically most of the time. Simple walking (leisurely or briskly) at least 30 minutes daily does wonders in reducing inflammation, hardening of the arteries, strengthening our immune system, improving skin collagen, etc. and consequently lowering our risks for diseases, like high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid diseases, heart attack, stroke, Alzheimer’s and even cancers. Combined with a healthy lifestyle, exercise is the cheapest and safest path to the fountain of youth, unlike the journey taken by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon in 1513 in search of the fountain that landed him in what is now known as Florida, very disappointed. Today, we know that such a miracle spring is within our grasp, actually in our hands, if we only dare to take advantage of it.

3. Medical/dental check up. A visit to the doctor at the earliest sign or suspicion of an illness is essential for early diagnosis and more effective treatment.

More data at philipSchua.com

Email: scalpelpen@gmail.com

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter

Other Stories:

Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Copyright © 2014, .
To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.
Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:
c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94
  1. Kim Henares needs a reprimand, says Cayetano
  2. ‘No real progress in PH if dynasties not dismantled’
  3. More legal woes for Cedric Lee
  4. Massive infra spending set
  5. OFW brings MERS virus to Philippines
  6. DOJ to NBI: Arrest Cedric Lee, 4 others
  7. Cardinal Tagle to faithful: Join politics to clean it
  8. Estrada, Gigi Reyes denied access to evidence from other respondents
  9. Lacson’s wife loses diamond earring to thieves but recovers jewelry quickly with police arrest
  10. DOJ orders arrest of Cedric Lee
  1. Suspect in Vhong Navarro mauling tries to leave PH
  2. MH370 co-pilot made mid-flight phone call – report
  3. Netizens cry: 6/55 Lotto was rigged
  4. I’ll follow my conscience on Estrada, says JV Ejercito
  5. ‘Wife of Jesus’ theory papyrus not fake – Harvard study
  6. Fr. Suarez says last Mass on Easter before returning donated land to San Miguel
  7. Gay college instructor arrested for oral sex with student
  8. ‘King’ Yabut and I: Driver bares Makati dad ‘abuses’
  9. It was difficult having Japanese blood
  10. Palace: We can’t blame increase in population on Vitangcol
  1. KL confirms Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 ended in Indian Ocean
  2. MRT passengers pass the hat for 6-year-old Ashley
  3. Pork payoffs to newscasters Erwin Tulfo, Del Prado, others bared
  4. UP back on top as ‘average’ student aces bar
  5. Rookie, lady cops lauded for quick response to MOA heist
  6. Model Helena Belmonte wished ‘to slash her wrist and hope to die’
  7. Malaysia averts another air tragedy; pilot lands troubled plane safely
  8. Revilla says he was joking; Lacson stands by his story
  9. Revilla ‘consulted’ Lacson on how he evaded arrest
  10. Police rule out foul play in Helena Belmonte’s death as boyfriend is ‘traumatized’


  • Henares on Pacquiao bashing: I did not start this
  • Drilon, Nancy Binay urge Filipinos to strengthen faith
  • ‘Yolanda’ toll now at 6,300 – NDRRMC
  • ‘Mom, I love you,’ says text from student on sinking ferry
  • Moderate earthquake jolts southern Iran
  • Sports

  • Power Pinays smash India in Asian Women’s Club volleyball opener
  • PH youth boxers off to stumbling start in AIBA World tilt
  • Durant has 42, Thunder beat Pistons 112-111
  • Walker leads Bobcats over Bulls in OT, 91-86
  • Man City slips further out of title contention
  • Lifestyle

  • Pro visual artists, lensmen to judge Pagcor’s photo contest
  • ‘Labahita a la bacalao’
  • This is not just a farm
  • Clams and garlic, softshell crab risotto–not your usual seafood fare for Holy Week
  • Moist, extra-tender blueberry muffins
  • Entertainment

  • Will Arnett files for divorce from Amy Poehler
  • American rapper cuts own penis, jumps off building
  • Jay Z to bring Made in America music fest to LA
  • Why Lucky has not bought an engagement ring for Angel
  • Derek more private with new girlfriend
  • Business

  • Asia stocks fail to match Wall Street gains
  • Fired Yahoo exec gets $58M for 15 months of work
  • PH presses bid to keep rice import controls
  • PSEi continues to gain
  • Number of retrenched workers rose by 42% in ’13
  • Technology

  • Netizens seething in anger over Aquino ‘sacrifice’ message
  • Filipinos #PrayForSouthKorea
  • Taylor Swift tries video blogging, crashes into fan’s bridal shower
  • DOF: Tagaytay, QC best at handling funds
  • Smart phone apps and sites perfect for the Holy Week
  • Opinion

  • Editorial cartoon, April 17, 2014
  • A humbler Church
  • Deepest darkness
  • ‘Agnihotra’ for Earth’s health
  • It’s the Holy Week, time to think of others
  • Global Nation

  • Syria most dangerous country for journalists, PH 3rd—watchdog
  • Japan says visa-free entry still a plan
  • First Fil-Am elected to Sierra Madre, Calif. city council
  • UC Irvine cultural night to dramatize clash of values in immigrant family
  • Filipino sweets and info served at UC Berkeley Spring Fest
  • Marketplace