MANILA, Philippines—Monsoons are seasonal winds that bring heavy rains.
According to the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, the country experiences two kinds of monsoons—the northeast monsoon and the southwest monsoon.
The northeast monsoon, commonly called amihan, affects eastern Philippines from October to late March. Initially a cold, dry air mass, it comes from Siberia and gathers moisture over the Pacific Ocean before reaching the eastern parts of the country. It is characterized by widespread cloudiness with rains and showers.
The southwest monsoon, on the other hand, is called habagat. Characterized by heavy rains that last for a week, it affects the country from July to September and brings the rainy season to the western part of the country.
Source: Pagasa, Inquirer Archives