Friday was summer solstice, 2013’s longest day

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05:17 AM June 22nd, 2013

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June 22nd, 2013 05:17 AM

National Artist for Literature Nick Joaquin wrote a short story titled “Summer Solstice,” which tackles pagan love and fertility. INQUIRER FILE PHOTO

MANILA, Philippines—Friday was the longest day of 2013 in this part of the world, an event known as the summer solstice, the state weather bureau said.

The Philippines and other countries in the northern hemisphere experienced the longest daytime and shortest nighttime on June 21, according to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa).

The sun rose at 5:28 a.m. on Friday and set at 6:27 p.m., the weather bureau said.

“So you’ll notice that there’s almost an extra hour of daylight to the usual 12 hours,” said Mario Raymundo, chief of Pagasa’s weather observatory.

Start of summer

The summer solstice is the time when the sun attains its greatest tilt at +23.5 degrees and passes directly overhead at noon for all observers at latitude 23.5 degrees North, which is known as the Tropic of Cancer, Pagasa said.

The event indicates the beginning of summer in some countries.

“In the United States, they use the summer solstice to mark the start of summer. Here, it’s the opposite—our rainy season just began. That’s because we’re so near the equator,” Raymundo said.

The cultural significance of the summer solstice varies around the world, but many folk beliefs associate it with increased fertility.

Literary giant Nick Joaquin’s well-known story, “The Summer Solstice,” revolves around a three-day pagan ritual performed by apparently crazed women to invoke the gods of fertility.

Supermoon

Raymundo said the association was probably due to the cosmic coincidence of the summer solstice always being so close to the “supermoon,” the time when the full moon comes closest to the earth.

This year, the supermoon or perigee full moon occurs on June 23.

Some folks suspect the supermoon to have certain effects on people’s behavior, but Raymundo said there’s no scientific evidence yet to prove this.

“I’ve never personally felt the effect of the full moon but I know someone who seems more hyperactive, more eccentric every time there’s a full moon. But that’s just one person,” he quipped, but would not say who he referred to.

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