EDSA ’86 ANNIVERSARY SPECIAL REPORT

Sin, grace under pressure

A+
A
A-

(First of a series)

JOLLY SIN Jaime Cardinal Sin the way he’s remembered as a jolly good fellow who was given to make fun of his name and exploding in gales of laughter. Behind him was his secretary, Msgr. Soc Villegas who is now archbishop of Lingayen and Dagupan. INQUIRER PHOTO

The young aide was stunned when Jaime Cardinal Sin picked up the phone and called the Church-run Radio Veritas to broadcast an appeal on the night of Feb. 22, 1986.

“If any of you could be around at Camp Aguinaldo to show your solidarity and your support in this very crucial period when our two good friends have shown their idealism, I would be very happy,” the archbishop of Manila intoned. “Please come.”

It was around 8:30 p.m. when Sin called the Church-run radio station to tape his message to be broadcast to the nation, said Archbishop Socrates Villegas, then the cardinal’s personal secretary who was just four months into his priesthood, having been ordained in October.

Earlier in the afternoon, Sin received a call from Betty Go Belmonte of the Inquirer as he was preparing to leave his residence at Villa San Miguel in Mandaluyong City to go to the Loyola House of Studies in Ateneo.

Belmonte told Sin that Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Lt. Gen. Fidel Ramos were defecting from the Ferdinand Marcos regime.

“He said, ‘Keep me posted. I will go to Ateneo to ordain priests.’ He was very relaxed. And when I got in the car, he told me about it confidentially,” Villegas said in an interview. “But he was also cautious because he was not sure if it was one of those ploys of Marcos, because Enrile and Ramos were closely identified with Marcos.”

After the ordination, Sin visited a priest who had just undergone a heart bypass operation at Philippine Heart Center, then motored back to Villa San Miguel. They kept tab of the breakaway, after an aborted coup d’etat by the defense minister’s security force, listening to unfolding events reported on radio.

Enrile and a handful of his Uzi-toting men from the elite Reform the Armed Forces Movement had by then holed up at the defense ministry building in Camp Aguinaldo after the attempt to overthrow Marcos was discovered in the predawn hours and several putschists were arrested.

The cigar-chomping Ramos, who late in the day joined the breakaway, ensconced himself at the Philippine Constabulary headquarters, which he headed as vice chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, in Camp Crame, across Camp Aguinaldo, on the other side of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, or Edsa, in Quezon City.

Still, the cardinal waited for developments, and had not made his move as night fell, Villegas said.

“Then he got a phone call from Cristina Ponce Enrile and she was asking for help. At that time, he was beginning to think that maybe this was real,” Villegas said.

After the conversation with the wife of the defense minister, Sin asked Villegas to call the contemplative nuns—the Poor Clares, the Carmelites and the Pink Sisters—to tell them to pray for a “very special intention” of the cardinal. “This is a spiritual battle,” Sin said.

“Please go to the chapels and stop whatever you’re doing,” Villegas told the nuns.

Joe Concepcion, head of a poll watchdog group during the fraud-marred snap election on Feb. 7, came to Villa San Miguel at around 8 p.m. as Villegas was making his round of calls to the nuns. Concepcion explained to Sin what was happening.

Sin repaired to his room, wrote his statement, proceeded to the chapel to pray and then telephoned the Church-run Radio Veritas for the airing of his appeal.

Villegas said that for days before and after the election, Sin had been meeting with a group of priests to seek advice on developments tearing the nation apart.

“He wanted to make sure that he would be able to provide the moral leadership in case of a crisis,” he said. “I think he did not trust his own judgment, that is why he kept on calling the advisers.”

Marcos, stricken with kidney problems, had called for the balloting amid widening protests demanding that he step aside after 20 years in power. The unrest was triggered by the assassination in 1983 of opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. on his return from a three-year exile in the United States.

Fear of bloodbath

The opposition fielded Aquino’s widow, Corazon. She lost in the official count, and she then launched a civil disobedience campaign to protest the vote she claimed was stolen by Marcos. At the time of the Enrile-Ramos revolt, she was in Cebu City, addressing a crowd of tens of thousands.

“It was very uncertain, because if things turned out differently and Marcos won, so to speak, and then there was bloodshed, history was going to judge Cardinal Sin as responsible for putting his flock in danger. I saw the consequences three steps ahead,” Villegas said.

“As for him, he was so sure it was not going to happen. I was discussing with him. I was debating with him. I was so shocked when he called Radio Veritas,” he said.

Villegas said he did not share Sin’s position that there would be no violence.

“I was afraid. And we also got a phone call from the Holy See, seemingly questioning the pastoral soundness of the appeal. Perhaps the Holy See also saw that it was dangerous and that people could get killed. And he responded by saying, ‘Just wait for all of this to pass and I will travel myself to Rome to explain it.’”

“So he did, after the Misa ng Tagumpay ng Bayan at Camp Crame on Feb. 27. But when he got to Rome, all the ecclesiastics—the bishops, the cardinals—were all congratulating him for the peaceful resolution, and the Pope seemed very happy,” he said. “The Pope was from Poland and he knew the need for the Church to be socially and politically engaged.”

The charismatic Pope John Paul II had sparked the Solidarity Movement during a visit to his native Poland in the late 1970s that led to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.

Eerily quiet

EDSA’S LEAD STARS Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos flank spiritual commander, Jaime Cardinal Sin. INQUIRER PHOTO

But on that night on the first day of the People Power Revolution, Edsa was eerily quiet.

I was then a reporter of the New York-based United Press International, covering Cory Aquino’s civil disobedience campaign in Cebu. I managed to return on the last Philippine Airlines flight to Manila, before the regime shut down airports across the archipelago, and headed straight to Camp Aguinaldo.

The guard at the Santolan gate let me in and I walked on the still grounds to the defense ministry. It was bedlam inside the building, which was crammed with reporters running around like headless chickens, waiting for bombs to fall.

Villegas, who is now archbishop of Lingayen and Dagupan, could not sleep that night.

“I was monitoring the whole time. At 2 a.m. Marcos said he was very angry and he was accusing Cardinal Sin, Joe Concepcion, Cory Aquino, Ramos and Enrile of inciting people to rebellion and they are going to get the full force of the law,” he said.

“So I woke him up and told him about it. And he said, ‘What shall we do.’ I said, ‘Well, we just continue what we’re supposed to do.’”

That night, Sin also got a call from an intermediary offering to talk to Gen. Fabian Ver, the Armed Forces chief of staff and head of the presidential guards, in a meeting at Nichols Air Base to calm down tension, Villegas said.

“I told him that’s a military camp … we might be held hostage there and things could turn out differently,” Villegas said. “So, he said, ‘I will not take calls anymore.’”

The cardinal never went to Edsa during the ensuing days as hundreds of thousands, led by priests and nuns, responded to Sin’s plea and thronged the highway, blocking the path of Marcos’ soldiers poised to attack the camps, offering  them prayers and flowers.

“His conviction was, our duty is to pray. And really, I have never seen him pray as much as he did during those days,” Villegas said.

Sin became archbishop of Manila in 1974, two years after the declaration of martial law. The seventh of 16 children in a family of Chinese descent from New Washington in Aklan province, he assumed the post of what is regarded as the Catholic Church’s Philippine primate without a university degree, having been educated in seminaries.

He did not speak Tagalog. He had a sharp wit and was given to making fun of his name, exploding in gales of laughter as he did so. He called Villa San Miguel “the house of sin.”

A time of great ferment

Sin had not yet warmed his seat when helicopter-borne troops mounted a raid on the Sacred Heart Novitiate in suburban Novaliches, and arrested two Jesuit priests—Fathers Jose Blanco and Benigno Mayo.

The archbishop issued a pastoral letter condemning the arrests and summoned a prayer vigil at the steps of Manila Cathedral in Intramuros, attended by some 5,000 people, in the biggest demonstration then against the martial law regime.

It was a time of great ferment as priests and nuns embraced the theology of liberation in many parts of the Third World. In Latin America, long-haired clerics with rosaries on one hand and Kalashnikovs on the other joined Marxist guerrillas battling right-wing regimes.

“We wanted to be socially involved,” said Edicio de la Torre, 69, then a priest who founded the radical group Christians for National Liberation. Jailed twice, he served a total of almost 10 years before he was freed, along with nearly all the top communist leaders captured by the Marcos regime, when Corazon Aquino was swept to power after Edsa.

‘Critical collaboration’

A theology teacher, De la Torre saw one of his students, Fr. Nilo Valerio, killed in combat and later decapitated. He said he knew a few dozen clerics who took up arms against Marcos, but that at least a thousand priests, nuns and pastors went underground as noncombatants in the insurgency.

Caught in the riptide, Sin issued his policy of “critical collaboration” with Marcos—a move that alienated some of the prelates. Among them was the scholarly Bishop Francisco Claver from Bontoc, Mountain Province, who told me in several interviews he could not understand how the Church could collaborate with a regime without moral bearings.

Sin died in 2005 at the age of 76, a year after he retired.

Today, the Church that helped install Corazon Aquino is at loggerheads with her son, the current President.

Last month, the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines issued a scathing pastoral statement, outlining a “litany of storms” buffeting the land: the promotion of a culture of death and promiscuity, the continuing corruption and abuse of power, the widening practice of political dynasties, concerns on the forthcoming automated election, a “deepening culture of impunity” and the unabated suffering of the poor.

It was the strongest statement issued by the prelates against the government since the four-day Edsa People Power Revolution 27 years ago.

(Next: Salvador Laurel: The forgotten patriot)

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of INQUIRER.net. We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • http://www.yellowmythbusters.gov.ph/ Weder-Weder Lang

    Cardinal Sin? What about the sexual complaints about him that came to light in 1987 thru radio veritas and disappeared just as quickly? Rather, hushed up quickly?

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/HVYTBIHMN2QG7JYVNBQPECCYU4 Semplang

       nabasa ko rin yan. si marcos pa ang nagsumbong sa vatican.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/VS5EYSP4FPOTVQCJZ24NRE6Z2M Edgardo Mendoza

      siguro gumagamit ng condom itong walangya carnival sin salot sa pinas yan!

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/VS5EYSP4FPOTVQCJZ24NRE6Z2M Edgardo Mendoza

    cardinal sin yan yung nag parami ng batang hubo sa metro manila salot radical!

  • ApoLapullapu

    Without Cardinal Sin’s call people would not have swarmed at EDSA, Enrile, Ramos and their collaborators would have been rounded up and lined before a Firing Squad and maybe we are now ruled by a Monarch, Imelda R. Marcos.

    • Bli tz

      question lang.. with sin’s call, do you think people will flock edsa if enrile and ramos is not in camp aguinaldo and staging a coup? if you will answer on the affirmative, and if you think sin is that powerful, why does he need to wait for 12 years (after his appointment as card in 1974) and for this circumstance with ramos and enrile? can he not call the people earlier, say in 1974? i don’t know, but something is wrong with your logic.. i think EDSA event is an act of a supernatural, who had ordained the future by using all these personalities to accomplished it..

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/HVYTBIHMN2QG7JYVNBQPECCYU4 Semplang

        Mali…may
        nabasa akong book … kagagawan daw yun ng CIA. After twenty years of supporting
        marcos they finally decided that he is going out of line so they ditch him.
        hahahe

      • ApoLapullapu

        Highly possible because at that stage, Marcos became the Number 1 recruiter for the NPA and the Americans do not like Communists.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/HVYTBIHMN2QG7JYVNBQPECCYU4 Semplang

        Aha,,,
        mali ka ulit lololapu-lapu.. ayun sa nabasa kung column sa phil.star (si William
        esposo yata ung nagsulat)..noon daw talagang dalawa ang klase ng NPA. Ung totoong
        NPA tsaka ung pinakikilos ng cia…kaya cguro ung cnasabi mung nere2cruit ni
        marcos e para sa cia un…. Bigyan nalang kita idea, may isang libro, pwedeng
        basahin sa google, ung “gold warriors” ni sterling seagrave. Dun madami ka
        malalaman.
         

      • ApoLapullapu

        Cardinal Sin would not have called if Cristina Enrile did not call him for help.

  • gmaisthebestpresident

    sisipag magcomment ng mga anti-catholic dito ah. puro paninirang-puri eh mga wala namang mailabas na ebidensya. tsk tsk.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/ERCCN5ANNNF7BEBFMYXR6ALGRU Dan

    ikaw ay love child between animal and human being, dahil ikaw ay ugok ang ibig sabihin nyan ay ang nanay mo biniyak ng gorilla kaya ganyan ka

  • calixto909

    To the catholic detractors who kept on casting aspersions to these catholic bishops with aired opinions that all they had done is to comment the government people especially the president for all their sins and faults well, what Cardinal Sin had done during the Edsa revolt proves that you’re all wrong in condemning them. As one sharer below had said if Cardinal Sin just kept mum to the pleadings of Enrile for help then our country had still been ruled by a tyrant and a corrupt leader but because Sin is a son of God and a faithful one at that so he encouraged everyone–all people on all walks of life, to help the beleaguered group of Enrile and Ramos and the rest is history. 

    That very moment of Filipinos despair and sorrow, mostly all Filipinos except Marcos and his allies thanked him so much for going against Marcos and nobody ever said to Cardinal Sin that he should respect the separation of powers between church and state.

    What these critics of the catholic bishops/priest must bear in  mind is the truth that nobody is perfect, that we are all bound to commit sins or errors irrespective of our stature in life. These bishops or any worker of God is liable to commit sin just like all of us. These workers of God are no different from us when it comes to committing an offense or sin. For by being so won’t put them to a pedestal of life that they should be spotless because the temptation of the devil is so great to affect one’s mind and soul. The devil has a great power as he had shown when he was able to carry over Jesus Christ to the very top of the mountain. So with this openly read deed done by Sin and the rest of God’s workers, may it also open your hearts and minds to curtail your castigations and harsh criticisms to these workers of God. Just like you and me, a worker of God has also the constitutional right to criticize the corrupt practices of the people in the government. Nary in the constitutional provisions between church and state prohibits them

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/ERCCN5ANNNF7BEBFMYXR6ALGRU Dan

      The CBCP of today is a far cry from the years of the late Cardinal Sin
      The CBCP is now ruined mostly by dirty rotten scoundrels

    • cogito728sum

      Excellent post!  Almost irrefutable especially that portion “nobody ever said to Cardinal Sin that he should respect the separation of powers between the church and the state.”  But when the critics criticize the bishops–and I acknowledge there are a few unfounded and baseless ones–not all are purely meant to degrade these bishops as much as to remind them that the “sins and errors” they commit do not conform to the proper norms spiritual leaders are expected to observe.  For instance, how do you justify a bishop demanding an SUV as birthday gift from a president?  How can we justify the “Pajero” anomaly?  How can we excuse careless pronouncements of the bishops of Cebu and Daet?

      It is true that nobody is perfect, that to “err is but human”, but a lay person who errs does so in a very different position than a priest or a bishop.  The former is not trained and equipped with the necessary moral and intellectual weapons to fight evils as the latter.  That’s why priests and bishops should be the moral guardians and leaders of the laity in fighting evils, moral depravity, and corruptions, not their models.

      I must admit that I’m one of those you’re alluding to, but when I express criticisms on the shortcomings of the bishops and the church, I’m doing so with the hope that such would open their eyes, not to degrade them or destroy the institution.  And I’m doing so as a former member of the flock.  And I believe that if the laity does not call the attention of the clergy on their moral violations, they become emboldened and the infractions taken for granted.

      I’d like to point out here before I close a flawed argument of an overzealous defender of the faith that if you’re not a member of the catholic church, you no have no right to criticize it.  Such is not the position of Hubbard who, in his essay on loyalty, admonished that “if you work for a man in heaven’s name, work for him, speak well of him, and stand by the institution he represents…that as long as you are a part of the institution, do not condemn it…” the very reason I can now criticize the institution having detached from it.  Hello Teban!  Merci!

  • Guest

    Both Cardinal Sin and Cory Aquino are no longer in this world. Some time has passed since their passing. I suppose people must be more comfortable now to ask uncomfortable questions and answer difficult questions.

    Did Cardinal Sin and Cory Aquino consummate their love and affection?

    Is Kris Aquino the daughter of Cardinal Sin?

    The illicit affair of Sin and Cory was documented in a book called Noli Me Tangere.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/HVYTBIHMN2QG7JYVNBQPECCYU4 Semplang

       huuuuuuuuuuuuwwwwwatttttt???

    • poltergeist_fuhrer

      documented???nauna pa ung story kaysa sa pano nangyari…haha…nauna pa ang kalesa kaysa sa kabayo…baluktot na pag iisip

    • puza65

      CRAZY MIND

    • cogito728sum

      I`m sorry but this kind of remarks are highly unacceptable in a civilized society.  Its full of malicious speculations and simply out of the bounds of basic human decency, the kind of criticism Calixto justifiably laments.  Common decency and propriety actually demands the contrary of your position, i.e. when the lips of a person are permanently sealed and can no longer refute accusations, such condition must not be respected.  Like you, I criticize the shortcomings of these men of the cloth, but only if there is sufficient grounds to base the criticism, not on speculations.  Please my friend, you do yourself a grave injustice by resorting to the kind of posts you just did.  More than dishonouring the dead, you dishonour yourself.  Just a friendly reminder.  Merci!

  • florence457

    As I am reading this article tears started to wet my cheeks for my mind was in another point of recalling the bile words flung by their critics to these prelates and clergies demeaning them so much that as if they had never done good to the people. How tragic? Nonetheless, I hope that by this viewed article some of them may alter their negatives views about these people sacrificing to preach us the gospel of the Lord.

  • cogito728sum

    How I wish this author we affectionately called boy would write his memoirs soon.  It would evoke pleasant past memories  indeed.  I am personally anxious to read about his coverage of Kosovo but would be sad if he did not devote a considerable portion of the book about an obscure street called MORAYTA of the pre-martial days.  Take care boy and regard to Tess.  Merci!

  • les21reago

    The EDSA revolution inspired by Jaime Cardinal Sin (PBUH) benefited only the Binay’s, the Estrada’s, the Angara’s, the Arroyo’s, the Cayetano’s , the Enrile’s of course and those setting in the HOLES of Congress WHO ARE GUILTY as to what the present state of the country specially the peace and order situation, the continued corruption at the LGU and the always Poverty of mang pandoy.

  • luzviminda88

    KAYONG MGA TAONG NANINIRA SA MG ALAGAD NG DIYOS EH ANO NAMAN ANG KABUTIHANG NAGAWA NIYO SA TAONG BAYAN ABER? O BAKA KAYO YATA AY MGA KAMPON NG DEMONYO KAYA GANYAN NA BATIKOS AT PANINIRANG PURI ANG GINAGAWA NIYO

    • vin reyes

      may kailangan pa bang sirain sa kanila?

  • noypisiTED

    While the nation doesn’t belittle the contribution of the late Jaime Cardinal Sin in rousing the people from apathy urging them to support with their warm bodies the two main protagonists of the 1986 EDSA people power revolution, Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos who were then holding up at Camp Aguinaldo, the time was ripe then for the people’s uprising against the Marcos regime anyway. This nonentity was there and one of the nameless and faceless multitudes that  voluntarily went there not because a cardinal told us as the signs of the time drove us to. Cory Aquino was cheated in the snap election, and three years before that her ‘walang kalaban-laban na kabiyak” Ninoy Aquino was murdered upon his return from exile. Events have conspired that led to EDSA revolt. Well, Sin’s invitation helped motivate the people but with or without him in the radio, the people, like this nonentity, were marching anyway like the throngs that accompanied Martin Luther King, Jr. when he made the “I have a dream” address in Washington or the Salt March led by the iconic Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi, and ready for whatever the future holds for us then. I was much younger that time and doesn’t think much about personal safety. All I can dimly remember now is that the beloved Cory was everything in our minds and that only she at that time can unite the nation against the dictator which she did with flying colors.This belief in the roles played by the cardinal at EDSA (Oh, forget the 2nd one which was a sham) perhaps instilled in the minds of the people why the church has so much clout in the past administrations but no longer under PNoy. But our gratitude still for the cardinal’s historical role in uniting the country against the Marcos conjugal dictatorship.

    • jeetkaido

      ”This nonentity was there and one of the nameless and faceless multitudes that  voluntarily went there not because a cardinal told us as the signs of the time drove us to.”noypisitTED, andon ako sa EDSA, kanto ng quezon boulevard ng pinasabog ang mga gulong ng mga buses papuntang makati at puntang caloocan. Ang ibig sabihin pwersadong pinababa ang mga pasahero para maglakad sa Edsa hindi VOLUNTARY. Tsaka na lang humingi ng tulong yong enrileramos nong nacorner sila sa PC headquarters. Nasa Cebu si cory kaya di nya alam ang balak ni enrileramos. Hindi VOLUNTARYO. Nagpunta nga mga cory supporters don, pero yong mga usosiro ay masmarami kasi maraming libreng pagkain. Kinunan ng picture sa grupong marami lamang tapos pinalabas sa TV na may revolution na.Kaya pina-blackout ni Makoy ang mga private TV stations noon sa maling pagbabalita. Nakakaawa nga si Cory kasi  naloklok sa pwesto pero di naman nya napakulong ang tunay na master mind. Pangulo na yong anak d pa rin alam ang master mind.

      • puza65

        hanggat di nagsasalita si Enrile kung sino ang utak dyan di na yan malalaman madaling ituro na si danding pero ang tanong sino pa ang mga kasama ni danding dyan…wala sa militar si danding..si Ver,Imelda,Ramos at Enrile ang mga nakakaalam nyan kung sino talaga ang tumira…di ba kau nagtataka buhay pa ang 3 master…

      • jeetkaido

        Hindi malayo yang hinala mo. Si makoy ay masyadong itelehente & powerful, kaya nyang ipatigok si ninoy sa ibang bansa, bakit naman nya gagawin sa kanyang bakuran.Baka nga may kinalaman yang si Enrile kaya biglang bumaliktad sa safe side.

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_M6UL2UG4OGTMCLSYGB5MVJ7USE InSearchOfTruth

        actually kahit mga brods nila marcos at ninoy sa frat hindi naniniwala na si macoy ang nagpapatay kay ninoy…

    • D_BystandeR

      While it is true that the events that followed after the cold-bloodied murder of Ninoy Aquino at the tarmac 3 years before that EDSA I and the unifying image and leadership of the democratic icon Cory played a big role in capturing the desired result, it also merited a righteous place in our hearts to be highly thankful and to acknowledge the spiritual contribution of Cardinal Sin in making that EDSA I a success for obtaining our emancipation from the shackles of martial law in a bloodless revolution.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_WC2VPZRJETRO5KOU4VOZCJXEDY Tamarindwalk

    He wasn’t such a jolly old man by any means.  He was an arch-schemer and political manipulator who should have kept his nose in church business.  He goofed when he backed Cory.

    • Karabukov

      Backing Marcos would have been the goofiest of all. LOL.

    • D_BystandeR

      It’s mind-boggling to think that instead of appreciating the exemplary help Cardinal Sin has done to put an end to Marcos misrule for more than two decades you chose to think otherwise and called him goofy.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_OHOD5EA75DBBUH53UKLRXRK764 Mang Teban

    Catholics and non-Catholics who gave their support to the 1986 People Power Revolt which finally made the Marcos family run in haste must not forget that Cardinal Sin did what he was expected to do. His task was to make the revolution go peacefully without bloodshed. With the grace of the Holy Spirit, this happened exactly what Cardinal Sin prayed for and asked the contemplatives to help him in that “spiritual battle.”

    The Enemy was nonetheless the Devil who had resided in the hearts of the oppressors with the excesses of the Marcos family and its loyalists to perpetuate a dictatorial regime of sowing fear and doing “acts of terrorism” upon those who oppose the regime.

    Until now, the fight for freedom in our country is a fight for freedom from want (hunger, poverty, unemployment, displacement of families due to insurgency, illegal activities, & widespread conversion of agricultural lands for mining industries, inadequate public health services, mismanagement of public funds, etc.) to freedom from greed and corruption in both the government service and Big Business sector. All of these are moral issues that spiritual leaders can deliver to bring about transformation of Filipinos’ moral values. Thus, all Filipinos inclined to help in this growing menace must lend a hand through spiritual means (prayer and meditation) and through civil projects (education and awareness among the youth) about the presence of the Devil that lurks behind the rich and powerful groups that have only their selfish motives to satisfy and not to save the masses from  dire economic need.

    Therefore, those who hit at the spiritual leaders (primarily the Catholic Church clergy) are not doing constructive but are part of the moral decay plaguing our society today. The Devil is devious to lure people with a hangup for religion and has problems with their own relationship with God.

    • D_BystandeR

      I doff my hat to this well-rounded comment that put in a nutshell the true picture of what it is today that saw in its midst the unstoppable greed of some businessmen who converted the mountain slopes into a wide mining area where natives lives are sometimes helplessly displaced in the process. This madness ought to stop especially that lives of miners are now endangered probably with inadequate safeguards that characterized the industry which is gaining frenzy in the mountain sides.

    • jeetkaido

      andon ako sa EDSA, kanto ng quezon boulevard ng pinasabog ang mga gulong ng mga buses papuntang makati at puntang caloocan. Ang ibig sabihin pwersadong pinababa ang mga pasahero para maglakad sa Edsa hindi VOLUNTARY. Tsaka na lang humingi ng tulong si enrileramos nong nacorner sila sa PC headquarters. Nasa Cebu si cory kaya di nya alam ang balak ni enrileramos. Hindi VOLUNTARYO. Yong panawagan ni Sin ay puros mga pare, madre at mga ilan ilan din supporters, pero napakarami lang talaga ang naki usyoso at makalibre ng pagkain sa EDSA. Kaya walang nangyaring EDSA Revulotion, picnic lang ang tawag ko don. Kinunan ng picture sa grupong marami lamang at pinalabas sa TV na may revolution na. Kaya pina-blackout ni Makoy ang mga private TV stations noon dahil maling pagbabalita. Di bale tapos na yon, pero di kahangahanga ang ginawa ni Sin.Inalgay nya sa piligro ang mga tao. Kung gusto lang ni makoy na bombahin yong kinalalagyan ni enrileramos ay maraming civilians ang masasaktan kung di mamamatay. Buti na lang ayaw ni makoy ang bloodshed dahil atat na atat na si ver noong pasabugin yong PC headquarters. Kaya naka-tsamba lang yong k Sin.

    • cogito728sum

      The fight for deliverance from ignorance is more imperative than those you just enumerated.
      Deliver the Filipino from ignorance and he becomes conscious of his moral obligations to himself, his family, and the whole of society.  Deliver the Filipino from ignorance and he becomes aware of his responsibilities as citizen, thus becoming less prone to the machinations of the pseudo-spiritual and political leaders.  Deliver the Filipino from ignorance and he`s empowered to choose the right kind of people to govern him.

      If the critics are critical of the spiritual leaders it is because these leaders failed miserably in their resposibilities to lead.  They have failed the Filipino in maintaining his moral values.  They are complicit in the ruination of those values.  It is highly fallacious to generally claim that those who `hit`at the catholic clergy are part of the moral decay of the social order, as it is equally an argumentative flaw that one who is outside the catholic church has no right to be critical  thereof.  It is likewise a grave error to presume that those who `hangup` on their catholic affiliation incur problematic relationship with their God.  For all we know, the reverse could be true considering that belief in God is a very personal relationship and dependent on the kind of god.  What can be reasonably argued, and easily defended, is that lip service and outward piety do not necessarily reflect the true moral condition of a man.  As I have previously argued, it is what he holds in his heart that makes a man moral or immoral.

      As a finale, it would serve the superficially pious to be reminded of Lucretius, probably that first hanger up on religion thus: “Tantum religio potuit suadere malorum.”  To so many evils religion has persuaded men.  Merci!

      • batangpaslit

        you have the Holy Spirit—-you speak with wisdom and might.
        i concur

      • cogito728sum

        Merci!

    • batangpaslit

      Kabayan, you mentioned of Holy Spirit?
      Then, let the Holy Spirit speak about the church that is misused by abusive church clergy.
      If you read Revelation 17 you will see how the church was prostituted by letting the Devil
      infiltrate the church.
      Why do you think Pope Benedict renounced his Papacy?

  • Pangitnyo

    Cardinal Sin, my idol, mabuhay ka!

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_2MISUWKT65BF23JNKAOPO7FIDQ Alleah

       sira tuktok mo!!

  • Noel

    It was a grand conspiracy among the Catholic Church led by Cardinal Sin, Makati Business Club the leader then was Joe Concepcion who was also the Namfrel Chairman, a citizen watch dog that turned out to be solely watch dog for the Aquinos, the ambitious police and military officials led by Ramos-Almonte gang. the leftist groups many of whom are now in the government and politicians, and of course the US-CIA.

     

    • batangpaslit

      Noel…I think, well meaning is Gen Almonte.
      Dimo ba alam na out of grace din si Gen Almonte kay Pres Cory when the former is pushing the break up of monopolies of ABS-CBN, PLDT (Conjuangco owned), and to execute the land reform program of Hacienda Luisita

      Those period, Pres Marcos is no longer governing the country.
      There were five factions ruling the land. Power and authority were usurped.
      Thre really was  need to reform it.

      • Noel

        Gen. Almonte was and still is FVR’s most trusted intelligence officer.  All those coups and rumors of coup were hatched by Almonte.  True, Marcos was no longer the one governing the country.  And he could not have masterminded the Ninoy assassination because Marcos was too sick to do it.  He was very surprised upon learning it that in a meeting at Malacanang, it was reported that a cigar tray was thrown at Gen. Ver.  The ones calling the shots then were Imelda-Ver-Danding.  FVR fell out of grace with Marcos and Imelda.  For his own selfish ambition and motive, he sided with Enrile when he saw that Marcos’s downfall was inevitable. 

        Right wing military officers never want to be on the side with the Communists.  However, Enrile and FVR’s forces were compelled to conspire with the leftist groups to bring down the Marcos regime.  Most of all, Cory and the Yellow brigade sought the help of the Communists to make sure that Marcos was ousted.  Wasn’t Ninoy suspected to be with the NPA?  As a result, leftist groups and sympathizers were allowed to meddle in the government and politics.  Look at Cory’s cabinet composed mostly of leftist.  They continued until this day with many of them in Congress and Senate.  Pnoy’s Secretary of Political Affairs Llamas is a certified leftist. 

  • Noel

    Who is Cardinal Sin?  I came across an old video showing Cardinal Sin laughing and clapping his hands while watching Imelda Marcos danced during a lavish party.  That was the time when Sin and the Marcos were very close.  Not sure what Sin got from Imelda who’s known to give expensive gifts to her friends.  For some reasons, Sin broke away from the Marcoses.  That began the Catholic Church led by Sin’s attacks on Marcos.  Sin continued his fight against Marcos until his ouster.  He called on the Catholics to rally at Edsa.  Indeed, many of those present at Edsa were priests, nuns, seminarians, Catholic students.  The so called Revolution was only at Edsa and Metro Manila not even reaching a million as the propagandists portrayed.  Days after Marcos was ousted, many Filipinos in the provinces and remote areas did not even know that Marcos had left.

    Came another Edsa.  Erap stubbornly did not succumb to Sin led Catholic Church’s dictates.  Being so used by Cory’s attention and tender loving care, Sin did not like Erap from the very beginning.  Sin tried to destroy Erap even before the campaign especially during the campaign itself.  Sin called Erap all the names…drunkard, gambler, womanizer.  Yet, Erap was elected President by over 10 million people without a doubt.  And even after being elected, Sin continued to attack him.  The jueteng scandal all the more made Sin vicious and once again, he conspired with Erap’s enemies until successfully ousting the latter.  In fact, it was Sin who asked Cory to go to Edsa to witness GMA’s oath taking.  It was also Sin who convinced then SC Chief Davide to administer oath to GMA.  Sin did not even obey the Vatican which asked him not to meddle.

    After GMA became the illegitimate President, Sin kept a low profile.  Despite GMA’s rampant corruption including election cheating, not even a word of complaint and criticism from Sin for nine long years.  Before Sin passed away, GMA gifted him with a diamond ring on his last birthday.  FG Mike Arroyo also gave Sin one million pesos check.  Until his death, Sin never attacked GMA as if she was the best President the country ever had.  Did Sin repent before he died?  Only he and God knew.  Is Sin now in heaven or hell?  We don’t know.  If Sin is still alive today, he would be one of the reasons why the current Pope resigns out of disgust for the Catholic leaders’ abuses, interference in the country’s political and economic affairs.

  • kismaytami

    Another chink who rolled the gullible heads of most Filipinos. Look where we are now after their yellow revolution. The only ones saved by their moves are the state messing church, plus the oligarchies which are mostly chinks. But the real Filipinos are left drowning in the mud.

  • santosboi

    giving my thanks to Cardinal Sin for his great role in winning the EDSA revolution. but feel sorry for those who handle the Democracy, too much lousy.. halos di natikman ng taong bayan ang bunga ng revolution na to dahil na rin sa kumalat at talamak na coruption gawa na rin demokrasyang ginamit pananggalang ng mga kawatan ng kaban ng bayan.

  • Baruk1

    Vatican scandal cited in Pope resignation
    AAP Updated February 22, 2013, 11:48 am
     
    yahoo news today

  • vin reyes

    sayang na kasaysayan..wala ring nangyari..after mawala na si mr. marcos ano na ba ang nangyari..mula kay dating pangulong cory aquino hanggang kay dating pangulong gloria arroyo..huwag na muna nating isama ang kasalukuyang namamahala sa bansa para walang argumentong mangyari sa mga taong “retarded” ang kaisipan..ano na ang kalagayan ng bansa politically and economically..

    • batangpaslit

      agree….democracy was squandered. sayang talaga

  • Crazy_horse101010

    another one bites the dust new york cardinal timothy dolan was deposed in connections to accusations of sexual abuse at the archdiocese of milwalkee . he was also was the one who came up the plan that if a child raping priest was discovered instead of turning over to the law instead giving them 20000 dollars to leave the church this worked until the american public found out and raised a upcry

    • Baruk1

      Pope Benedict XVI resigned after an internal investigation informed him about a web of blackmail, corruption and gay sex in the Vatican, Italian media reports say.

      Three cardinals were asked by Benedict to verify allegations of financial impropriety, cronyism and corruption exposed in the so-called VatiLeaks affair.

      On December 17, 2012, they handed the pontiff two red-leather bound volumes, almost 300 pages long, containing “an exact map of the mischief and the bad fish” inside the Holy See, La Repubblica said.

      Please read more on Yahoo news today – Friday

      • Crazy_horse101010

        read cnn news will do thanks take care friend. the gay sex scandall i knew about it was in the news march of 2010. . the gay sex ring was supplied one of the popes staffs  member to provide sex for visiting bishops. and the vatican mutiny has been going on since last summer.

      • Baruk1

        Looks like I need to catch up on the news my friend.

      • Crazy_horse101010

        no it was a wife the other mary. did you google where the pope admitted he lied and protected baby rapers anything else you want to know. can you prove he didnt have a wife good luck. 

      • Crazy_horse101010

        sorry baruk i was answering the one above you and hit wrong button

      • Meetong

        Wow thats accusation!

      • Crazy_horse101010

        no accusation go on the internet and look up vatican sex scandal. it was in all the papers in the west also look up vatican mutiny on the internet also it also was in the news thats what google is for

      • Meetong

        Did you google on Christ suspected to have girlfriend?

      • magiting78

        It seems you are well informed, is it fact or fiction, if it is fact show proof and bring them to court..

      • Crazy_horse101010

        go to google if you now how there dozens of articles on these items think every newspaper in europe and america is lying i could care less about bringing them to court it isnt my problem its yours.also cnn yahoo they are there for the blind to see and if you want i can give a you a lot more. i dont need proof you do. oh while you are at it look up priests raping nuns in 22 countries and what the vatican did with thar. have a nice day.

      • magiting78

        So your source are from interenet, how many lies had been posted on iternet. and how credible are these people posted in interenet? it is easy to accuse but difficult prove.

      • Crazy_horse101010

        like the priests and popes never lie if ypu would learn to read i also said newspapers all over europe and america along with cnn.most of these were admitted to .i believe them before i would ever believe anything from baby rapers as for proof the church has allready lost over 3 billions in law suits. nice try buy it wont work they have been tried and lost .

      • Crazy_horse101010

        the blind will never see, 

      • Crazy_horse101010

        i was a catholic but because the church aided abetted child rapers who are still raping them i like millions of others walked out never to return. i cant belong to a religion like that. there yours welcome to them

      • DontJudgeMeImNotaBook

        Your decision is right, tama lang di ka sumanib sa catholic masahol pa sila sa pastor na ng rape lang ng anak tapos ang apo ay naging asawa. at least kaunti lang ang gumagawa ng ganito di katulad ng pari maraming rapist. at eto pa nasubukan mo ba ang “children of god” free sex po doon at walang rape na mangyayari. ang maganda d2 hindi na tinatangi di katulad ng mga pari. Mang-hatak pa tayo palabas para mailigtas sila…

  • DontJudgeMeImNotaBook

    The History is MALI mga INC naman talaga ang nag paalis kay Marcos para maging peaceful ang revolution mas malakas ang Dasal ng mga potestante at iba pang secta kisa sa mga Katoliko. PALAGI NALANG BA BIDA ANG KATOLIKO SA HISTORY? tama lang batikosin natin ang mga katoliko…sama-SAMA  tayo hangang hindi tayo nag tatagumpay…Mabuhay ang mga totoong relehiyon.

    • Meetong

      It dosn’t matter coz, at the end of the day it will be God’s call.

    • magiting78

      Hahaha cno may sabi INC? Manalo ay tuta ni Marcos..magbasa ka nang kasaysayan bata..

      • Noel

        Ikaw ang magbasa ng kasaysayan.  Inutos ni Marcos na lusubin ang INC Temple.  Nang dumating ang Metrocom doon at balak pasukin ang INC, bumulagta ang mga sundalo sa unahan mula sa mga putok galing sa likuran.  Iyon pala mga kasamang mga sundalo ang bumaril na nagkataong mga INC pala.  Simula noon pinayuhan ni Enrile si Marcos na huwag kalabanin ang INC.  Naging magkaibigan tuloy sina Marcos at Manalo. 

    • Noel

      Paano nangyaring ang INC ang nagpaalis kay Marcos?  Ang tutoo niyan ay gusto ni Marcos na magtago sa INC Central Tempo pero hindi pumayag si Manalo.

  • JOSE RIZAL

    idealism my a     s sssssssss. everybody knows including them three, that they wanted power and not public service, to enriched themselves and sold the motherland and her children’s future to the bigger thieves. life is so ironic that these people appeared to be more blessed and happy. where do you find GOD’S justice on this? does GOD discriminate? why did HE abandon his small children and allow conditions for them to go out of the way? if religion has no answer to this, then why should  we believe on the teachings of the clergies and the pastors etc etc.

    • Meetong

      Go make your own religion coz, you think you are right!

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_2MISUWKT65BF23JNKAOPO7FIDQ Alleah

    This so called priest Mr. Sin is a ‘sin’ itself literally…  Imagine, encouraging people to go to EDSA and would NOT SHOW up himself??  what a coward, i do not like this priest from the beginning and he’s one of the reason why this country is so impoverished and lead to its decayed society!!

    • Meetong

      What have you done to call yourself a brave?

    • batangpaslit

      when King David was at war, he led his troops.
      when King David decided to stay behnind and remain in the Palace while his generals and troops at at war, he saw Bathsheba taking a bath….hehehe

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_V7W2T7T2N37DLVYJSM2OV4GJ4A Ramon S

    Remember dictator Marcos is Roman Catholic devotee, with Emelda, Favian Ver, Estrada, and Gloria Arroyo were in the same line devotee they could not tame their front line flock leader D president but in the same line of religion also creating a back door movement mapia terrorist, satanism group called LEBERATION THEOLOGY COMMUNISM THEORY using priest and nuns to be lecturer in so CALLED COMMUNISM theory LINENinism, AND MARXISM, or NPA Leberation Theology putting Christ as communist in our time. Wolf in Sheep Clothing… What is this???

    • Meetong

      Too much knowledge sometimes can deteriote mind like you.

      • magiting78

        Exactly…sometimes stupid pretend to be wise, they look like the most intellegent man in the universe, but in reality their head and heart is empty…

      • Ogie

        HAHAHAHA! tumpak! nakuha mo! nasubrahan sa talino di na alam kong alin ang may punto sa sinulat nya! LOL!

    • batangpaslit

      that is the irony, eh….hehehe

    • Meetong

      Fundamentalism. Even in the time of Moises and Christ they are there to criticized to the highest level that lead to Christ crucifiction.

    • Noel

      Marcos was Aglipayan. 

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_2MISUWKT65BF23JNKAOPO7FIDQ Alleah

    Praise be to God at WALA na itong Pari na ‘toh!! Never again to you Mr. Sin!

    • DontJudgeMeImNotaBook

      Ganyan ka pala mag Praise kay God…nagkakaSIN. Gusto kita…

  • rouelcalzita

    How dare this writer not to recognize the total hero of the Revolution…the group of men & women that had took part the Revolution against Marcos.
    Those individual that the writer mentioned, the Revolution would not pushed through w/o these group of men & women.
    Just a bit of acknowledgement to them and courteous regard for people’s feeling.   

    • cogito728sum

      Hold your horses my friend.  He’s not done with his narratives yet.  This is just part one.  Wait till he’s finished.  If by then you don’t find what you believe is missing, then feel free to voice out that festering frustration of yours.  But don’t jump the gun!  Merci!

    • batangpaslit

      siguro nandoon ka ano kaya alam mo. ang sunod daw na isulat nia ay tungkol kay Doy

  • batangpaslit

    the account is accurate
    ang malungkot lang ay, wala din. i mean, hindi rin napakinabangan ang ng madlang bayan ang mga inaasahan nila na sana may pagbabago.
    hindi nga nabalik ang coco levy funds sa mga magsasaka.
    paano, pinsan buo ni Pres Cory ang may hawak ng coco levy funds, kasama si JPE

  • batangpaslit

    tama naman si Ramon…ang mga nagkurakot sa bayan ay mga religious fanatics:
    politicians, businessmeen, even military and police officials.
    they are proud of their religion, but they are the ones too who are doing the things opposite what the church teach about honesty, if indeed the church teaches it

  • rodben

    Siguro gusto nang bumangon ngayon ni Cardinal Sin sa libingan para magsisi sa kanyang malaking suportang ginawa last 1986..dahil sa mga taong supporters ng EDSA na mala-DEMONYO kong DUSTAIN AT BABOYIN ANG SIMBAHAN NGAYON NA SA PODER NA SILA..

  • UrHONOR

    YONG mga nag-people power sa EDSA ay PARANG mga HAPON na lumusob sa Pilipinas.  At ang mga MARCOS ay parang mga KANONG linabanan ng mga HAPON.  Paano?  Sabi kasi ng mga marcos nung umalis ng pina-alis, e, “WE SHALL RETURN”.  And they had, indeed, returned with a resounding vengeance.

    So, ano na ang EDSA revolution?  Pistang Pilipino lamang na pinakinabangan ng mga kantanod na masahol at malansa pa sa mga taong sinipa nila…tulad ni estrada at gloria.

    “Marami pa kayong matutunan sa amin, mga kinder…..watch and learn!”, MALAMANG na nakangiting-asong sinasabi ng mga marcos sa mga kabayan.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_LZYODZASEXRINLJNIG2GR6SKSM Rommie

    Hindi sina Ramos at Enrile ang lead stars ng EDSA People Power Revolution kung di ang mga mamayang Pilipino kasama na ang mga madre at mga pare…

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:

c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City,Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94