Cayetano bares hackers offering services to manipulate PCOS machines


Senate Minority Leader Alan Peter Cayetano. INQUIRER FILE PHOTO

MANILA, Philippines – Senator Alan Cayetano on Tuesday warned that “hackers” claiming to be able to manipulate the Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) machines have been offering their services to candidates in the May 2013 elections.

“May mga lumalapit na at minimum P5 million ang hinihingi at may binebenta na kung ano mang service package sa dayaan (There are people who came forward to offer a minimum P5-million package to rig the polls),” Cayetano told reporters.

“The Commission on Elections (Comelec) should use the Philippine National Police (PNP) and National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) to hunt down these people and protect the integrity of the elections,” he said.

Cayetano also suggested that the Comelec put up a prize for anyone who can demonstrate that he or she can manipulate the machines so that the person can help identify the vulnerabilities of the apparatus.

“Tulad ng sinuggest ko nung 2010, mag-offer ng reward sa pwedeng mag-hack nito. Ano ba naman yung mag-offer sila ng P10 million sa sinong makaka-come forward at ipakita kung kaya nga talaga i-manipulate ang makina,” Cayetano said.

(Like what I’ve suggested in 2010, a reward should be offered to anyone who can show he can hack this. What’s P10 million if it would be proven the machines can be manipulated.)

“Imbes na ibenta ito sa pulitiko o dayaan ang mangyari (Instead of selling this to politicians to commit fraud), we can use these people who claim to know how to manipulate these machines positively,” he said.

Mock elections

Cayetano also hit Comelec Chairman Sixto Brillantes Jr. for his statement saying that they can go back to manual voting if there are so many objections against the use of PCOS machines.

“What do they want? Minor glitches are unavoidable,” Brillantes reportedly said regarding the mock elections last Saturday. “If they want to change the PCOS, let’s just go back to manual because it’s too late for us to order [a new technology],” he said.

Cayetano said that Brillantes’ statement was “almost like blackmail.”

Some of the PCOS machines were unable to accept and read the ballots and the thermal papers did not properly fit the PCOS printer.

According to Cayetano, even before the papers were bid out, the committees of the Senate and the Congress already pointed out that the manufacturers did not have the proper measurements.

“Less than 100 days before elections and they’re still dealing with those problems,” Cayetano said.

Despite the difficulties being encountered, Cayetano said, “For me, I’d still give the benefit of the doubt to Comelec and its PCOS machines. But ang nakakababa ng kompiyansa ay ang resulta ng mock elections (What’s bothering was the result of the mock elections).”

“[On Wednesday the] Joint Congressional Oversight Committee on the Automated Election System [will have a meeting] and we’re hoping for definite answers from the Comelec,” he added. Candice Gelani

Get Inquirer updates while on the go, add us on these apps:

Inquirer Viber

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • edmondP

    nananiwala ka naman na pwede na ma hack. scammer yang mga nakausap mo sen. cayetano hndi hacker.

  • Pert Cabatana

    what can you expect from these politicos? hindi naman sila techie. So, they should not muddy the water with their ignorance.

  • Guest

    Cayetano’s monkey wrench might just be the thing Brillantes has been trying to avoid. All this time, he’s been diverting public attention away from the PCOS machines with his antics of arbitrarily disqualifying this or that partylist. It is high time that senators like Cayetano and others call for a more rigorous testing of the PCOS machines. Electronic electoral sabotage is a lot easier for those who know how to do it and have the ability to do it. For vast majority of the Filipino electorate, the technical possibilities of cheating is close to inscrutable. The more Brillantes stonewalls, the more he fuels public suspicion and conspiracy theories.

  • calipso_2100

    1.  If that is true, why not report that to the NBI/Comelec.  Why go to the media?
    2.  If true, it’s an inside job from the developers of the PCOS machines.  Ang hirap kaya mag reverse engineer ng mga yan. Hirap ding maka kuha ng machine without proper authorization.
    3.  Even if Comelec pays 10M to whoever can help find security vulnerabilities, the hacker can simply offer it to crooked politicians for 20M or more.  The amount does not matter you know.  Maraming pera ang mga politico basta election.

    • Catherine

       oo nga po — media agad siya.  getting as much mileage as he can. 


    >>>Cayetano bares hackers offering services to manipulate PCOS machines<<<

    UULITIN ko…..walang kinalaman si Mike Arroyo sa balitang ito.  Huwag mag-isip ng masama. :)

  • Observer_din

    yan ang isang dahilan kaya di dapat basta2 ilabas ang “source code”. yung mga nagmamagaling na gusto malaman ang source code alam naman ninyo kung bakit ayaw ibigay eh. mahirap na magtiwala sa panahon ngayon kasi nadadaan sa pera ang maraming bagay.

  • Paranoid Android

    Yes, good idea yan. Let’s say Php 5 million to anyone who can show a solid demonstration that this voting machine can indeed be compromised by computer and communication experts. Let’s put to test all these rumors about the vulnerability of these machines.

    Of course without letting anyone taking a peek on the machine’s ‘source code’ or whatevah.Throw the challenge and charged the reward from the senates’ MOE. That might redeem the senate’s image. 

    Good call Senator Cayetano. More kahoy to you sir.

  • J

    Siguro mas ok si cayetano na lang ang comelec commissioner.

    • Catherine

       oo nga po.  siya na lang oo kaya.  know it all po kasi di po ba?

  • Ed

    paano kung mismo yun  mga nasa SMARTMATIC ang may contact sa mga HACKERS? o di kaya, d best gawin nila, open nila sa public yun CF card, at dun i try nila kung pwede palitan yun  ang laman nun,..kahit yun CF card lang muna, hayaan mo na yun transmission, dyan nandadaya yun iba, CF card switching tawag dun, kunwari walang signal sa transmission yun pala , yun CF card ang pinalitan nila….gusto nila try natin…alam nyo ,,the best way to protect your system is to allow Pinoy Ethical Hackers to hack your system, para malalaman nyo kung paano i protect data…..Mabuhay ang mga Pinoy Ethical Hackers….

  • bugoybanggers

    Buhay Pilipino talaga, Hindi maintindihan ang nasa laman ng UTAK. O ano ba talaga, imodernized ba natin ang eleksyon o balik tayo sa mano mano. Ang kukupal ng mga Politiko kasama na rin ang mga nakakaraming Pilipino.. eh bakit pa naimbento ang computer? Ano ba naman talaga, noong mano mano..sangkaterbang reklamo sa dayaan, ngayon na i-computerized ganon pa rin? Ano to pasikatan na naman ng mga ABOGADO? Tumigil na kayo mga Abogado, kayo ang dahilan sa pag kaBULOK ng sistema sa pamamalakad ng BANSA. SHUT UP!


    If you want CHANGE Allan Cayetano, start with your own self! Pullout your TV Ads for the sake of delicadeza and please, don’t ever continue your Maalaala Mo Kaya episode! Tama na ang pagiging HARI mo ng EPAL! Malayo pa ang election gumastos ka na ng MILLIONS! Another useless Senator like her sister na puro pagbibisekleta na lang ang ginagawa!

  • ulrich j

    “Tulad ng sinuggest ko nung 2010, mag-offer ng reward sa pwedeng mag-hack nito. Ano ba naman yung mag-offer sila ng P10 million sa sinong makaka-come forward at ipakita kung kaya nga talaga i-manipulate ang makina,” Cayetano said.    

    msyado  ka  pa kyut puro  ka  ngalngal    bakit di  mo  gamitin  yan  pork  barrel  mo…200m  per year?  nagulangan  ka ng ilang milyon  umiiyak ka na? 

  • EdgarEdgar

    Unbeknownst to most people, the hacker is Commissioner Brillantes himself.  Brillantes the white-haired clown is keeping everyone guessing. When all is said and done, Brillantes the white-haired clown will have the last laugh. That’s if we let him.

    • Catherine

       bakit naman po ganyang ang sinasabi ninyo?  parang hindi naman po tama na yong taong gumagawa ng mga paraan e siya pa ninyong hinuhusgahan?

  • milespacker

    Brillantes is full of theatrics he forgot the important basics of the whole process – starting with the right measurements for the thermal paper.

  • boybakal

    Cayetano bares hackers offering services to manipulate PCOS machines….Eh yong Kahoy.

  • Rosauro

    Diko na binasa lahat ang nakasulat dito. Bakit itong si Cayetano hindi pa niya ipahuli ang mga yan? Politiko puro purma! Linte!

  • Rosauro

    Ito talaga si PITIK (PTK) o! Epal mo!

    • Catherine

       gumagawa na naman po siya ng kwento ano pa nga!

  • Julianito

    Kung may ebidensya itong si Cayetano bakit hindi nya ipasa sa NBI or Comelec para makasuhan ettong mga hackers? Anong klaseng senador eto? Ang responsiblilidad nitong senador hangagng pulitika lang? Grandstanding? Bakit naiboto eto bilang senador sa mentality nya?

    • Catherine

       agree din po ako sa inyo.  hackers? e di magbayad siya kung gusto niya,  paano kaya siya nakakasiguro na ma-ha-hack nga nila.  pag nakuha ang pera, tatakbo na lang itong mga ito.  hwag po natin iboto si cayetano.  political dynasty na, ang dami pang sinasabi makakuha lang ng media mileage.  sorry po, kasi inis po ako talaga sa kanya at sa kanyang kapatid na babae.

  • MahalKobayanko

    Mr. Senator, you’re just creating an issue for your own self-interest. Obvious naman ah. Huwag iboto ang mga tulad ni Allan Cayetano. 

    • Catherine

       agree po ako sa inyo. itong si cayetano ay kilalang kilalang propagandist.  gumagawa na naman ng storya para may magamit na excuse kung sakaling hindi wala siya sa top 5 o kaya, baka, malay natin, matalo pa siya!  e di sasabihin po niya, natalo siya dahil sa pcos machines.

  • Mike Garcia

    Interesting, gayong may issue nga sila dito sa Taguig regarding the EXACT same thing nung nakaraang eleksyon.

  • Summerspice

    I agree with Senator Cayetano’s proposal to Comelec.Kung dito nga sa US may nababalitang dayaan din diyan pa kaya sa Pilipinas.

  • just_the_guy

    TO Sen. Allan Cayetano: As a government official it is YOUR duty to give all information to the NBI what you know. Ikaw ang nilapitan. Alam mo kung sino yun. Besides since ikaw ang nilapitan, siguro they believe you are a potential customer. I wonder why.

  • jeronimo

    Dapat hinuli mo agad mr. Senator bago ka nag press release.

  • John Atm

    Ewan ko sa you Alan, kung saan saan sulok ka nagbabasa ng komiks, dami mong alam na tsismis. 

  • kismaytami

    Asus… Masulat lang ang pangalan sa balita.

  • lone ranger

    kaliwat kanan ang pa interview ni Senator Cayetano bakit kaya?

  • parefrank

    Sounds a bit nonsense. If all programming is on the chips only, then there is no access toany reprogramming without to get the chips physically.  What could be manipulated by hacking are the results at the computers to where the machines send their reading. Like a local candidate get 5 million votes. If thereis such cheating at the chips, then it is done at Smartmatic prior to installing the chips. And then anyway with knowledge of the authorities. That why it was so suspicious that Comelec ordered 2010 to destroy the millions of chips after election so that no indepenent cheching was possible.

  • adnormal

    patal talaga ang utak mo CAYETANO may nag aalok na pla sayo bakit hindi mo kasuhan? ah alam kona na dahil yan ang ginawa MO AT NG ASAWA MO sa bayan ng TAGUIG dinaya nyo si DANTE TINGA ang masasabi kulang HINDI  mona MAGAGAWA yan sa DARATING NA ELECTION AT SI MANONG ENRILE ay mag LALAGAY NG TAO DYAN SA TAGUIG PARA MA MONITOR ANG mga CAYETANO SA GAGAWIN PANDARAYA SA DARATING NA ELECTION TAPOS NA ANG MALILIGAYANG ARAW NYO MGA CAYETANO PATAL ANG ULO MO?

  • zeroko

    Walang sinabi itong si Sixto. Puro blah blah blah! Puro palusot. Palagay ko, may possibility of failure of election dahil sa mga glitch na nangyayari. He he he. Magaling talaga itong mga high government offiicials making stupid statement instead of facing the problem. Ano kaya ang mangyayari kung 50,000 PCOS machine ay hindi tangapin ang ballots in the  coming 2013 election? Ano, finger pointing na naman. Wala na si laughing hyena, si Sarmienta bungisngis. Naka takas na siya sa kanyang pananagutan. . 

    • speaksoftlylove

       Of course, “failure of elections” is their ultimate objective since in such event the incumbents will retain their posts as hold over officials. This is so because anyone can question the results because the owner of the elections technology is not Smartmatic but Dominion Voting Systems who had already terminated their contract or licensing agreements with Smartmatic in 2009. That is why they can’t even use the source code because they are prohibited by it’s owner. So, any prearranged winners can be fed to the computer which results will pale in comparison with the election sabotage they are charging against GMA. So, the only natural thing that will follow is to declare “failure of elections” by the Comelec, which is actually the ultimate objective. Brilliant idea, Brillantes huh?

  • Harry

    With thermal paper what is needed is excess heat to destroy the printing, not 5 Million pesos.

  • boybakal

    Cayetano BARES HACKERS offering services to manipulate PCOS machines…

    Dapat nag Citizen Arrest agad si Cayetano sa mga Hackers gaya ng ginawa ni Singson sa mga dayuhan na nagmarijuana.

  • joshmale2004

    It would have been better had Cayetano set up an entrapment operation so they get arrested immediately and then present them to media instead of doing immediate press release that groups are out to hack the election for a fee without basis.

  • Hagler

    some international companies challenge reverse engineers if their system has flaws e.g. security flaws etc) and pay them if they case ng PCOS ay iba, binili natin sa third party company ang system, di tayo ang gumawa.what if they offer the same to reverse engineers and proved that system has flaws. Babalikan ng Comelec ang smartmatic para i rectify ? gaano katagal ang pag aayos? kapag naayos , testing ulit , deplyment ng fix sa libo libong remote unit, ang tagal ng processo! eleventh hour , election na! kapag may problema pa din , ano option ng comelec? ayun sabi ni Brilliantes mano mano! o kaya postpone ang eleksyon! Di ko lang alam kung may probisyon sa kontrata ng comelec at smartmatic ang ganito, for sure alam ng smartmatic ang produkto nila at di nila hahayaang ma expose ito!

  • Marx Louis Wang

    Posible ba iyon? Ibig sabihin walang security ang mga boto. Para que pa? Baka haka-haka lang iyan. 

    • pedronimo


  • dotCommer64

    This senator is watching too many hollywood films, many encryption algorithms can be hacked, for example, the Triple DES (3DES) algorithm can be hacked by brute force, but it will take a computer 100 years to break the correct key. It doesnt matter, in 100 years, the information is already irrelevant.

  • speaksoftlylove

     There are only two reasons why the Comelec and the administration are
    eager to push through with this defective and in fact, pirated PCOS
    system and these are either: One, the list of pre-arranged winners can easily be fed to the PCOS machine owing to the absence of source code, hard copies, and other safety features; and two,
    this is part of a grand scheme with the end view that “failure of
    elections” in accordance with the Comelec law, will enable the
    incumbents to retain their positions as hold over officials. The second
    reason is what I surmised will happen. It will take only 10 per cent (I
    don’t know if this has been changed already) of the ballots cast which
    are declared spoiled, to declare a “failure of elections.” My hunch is
    more that 50% of the entire votes casts will be declared spoiled or
    questionable hence, the need to declare “failure of elections” which is
    of course, the ultimate objective of the grand conspiracy between the
    administration and the Comelec. This is necessary because with the
    exception of Escudero and Legarda who are not even LPs, the
    administration’s candidates will never win. Even Kiko Pimentel’s
    chances, whom I want to be reelected, is doomed. This is my opinion, you
    are free to criticize it.

  • speaksoftlylove

    What Comelec’s Brillantes and his hocus PCOS Cabal will be doing in the coming elections is much more hideous and pales in comparison than the election sabotage they are charging against GMA. Will they succeed with their evil design? Of course, if the people remains to be hypnotized by the Great Palace Imp.

    • speaksoftlylove


      The election sabotage that they are charging against GMA pales in comparison with what they will be doing in the coming elections since it’s wholesale.

  • farmerpo

    Parang mas maganda ang dating para kay sir alan kung ang headline e, ‘Cayetano nabs PCOS hackers’. This report sounds like a pure and unadulterated grandstanding song. No substance.
    Just haka haka. 

  • Danyel

    URBAN LEGEND na naman…..

    • pedronimo


  • PCD_2012


    We all knew that BINAY was nowhere close versus ROXAS before the 2010 Election, it was Legarda whom we knew threatened Roxas’ position and not Binay.  Most Media and Commissioned Surveys were pointing to Roxas as the leading contender weeks before the voting day.  However in the end the result was a big surprised since Binay became the VP that’s why the two still have an on-going poll-case to settle till this day!

    The problem isn’t the PCOS machine but the main database where you do the tallying!  We now realized that any system in the world can be manipulated especially with the new waves of Chinese Hackers who are very determined to break-in even the most sophisticated government networks in the U.S.!

  • pedronimo


  • pedronimo

    “May lumalapit na huminhingi ng 5 million blah blah blah”. Bakit di sabihin kung sino ang mga iyan? This is all a lot of hot air, the reason the claim reeks of dirty Cayetano politics.

    • FernandoBusi

      This is a publicity stunt when I was in college my prof a friend of Sen. Angara told me of a gtoup that approached the senator who guaranteed election results at for 10M ngayon 5M nalang ano yun made in China? 

  • ero

    That is true we are a victim of 2010 elections ….. ang mayor namin nilapitan and refused the offer amounting 20M sure victory from mayor down to sanguniang members may ilalaglag na isa para hindi masyadong intentional. Logically they can manipulate the results because tao ang gumagawa at tao rin ang hhhmmmmmmm. To senator Cayetano please do check if the PCOS machine has built in memory aside from CF card memory kasi sa built in memory nilalaro ang results. If u closed the deal the assigned Pcos machine to respective area is set for the results using Built in memory and match to extra CF card to reconcile the results. In this case there might from  comelec insider who handle this.       

  • Albert

    There is also a law on “conspiracy to commit a crime” so get up off your rear ends and arrest people instead of just doing the Lacson habit of unsubstantiated rumours. Name the people and arrest then during a set-up. 

  • Rogers Nelson Uy

    kung me lumapit na pala sayo eh bakit dimo pahuli??!! bobo ka ba? senador ka magagawa m yan para mawala dayaan! Publicity!

    • Gerard Kenneth Ng

      tanong ah.. kunyari isa akong hacker na kakayahan at talino para mag commit ng ganito kalaking skandalo, sa tingin mo iririsk ko or ibibigay ko yung true identity ko sa mga potential clients ko? mga hacker na may kakayahan para gawin to ay hindi mga conventional tambay and dota boys.. probably mga matatalino at matataas ang pinag aralan ng mga ito kaya sinasabi nilang kaya nila gawin yung ganitong klaseng job.. now tell me sa tingin mo mapapahuli sila ng ganun kadali?

      • Rogers Nelson Uy

        ganito yun ijo, sabi me lumapit, pahuli nya agad diba, hindi naman yan tulad ni sotto copy sa txt kumukuha ng detalye.

      • Gerard Kenneth Ng

        hackers would probably use other means in contacting their potential clients.. they have the ability to hide where they are.. for a job na ganito ka delikado imagine kaya mong dayain ang isang election sa tingin ko hindi ka lalapit sa isang opisyal ng ganun ganun lang diba.. 

      • Rogers Nelson Uy

        basahin mo kaya, lumalapit, hindi nagpaparamdam, magkaiba yun, kaya ibig sabihin nun lumalapit sila ng personal. “mga” ang gamit nya meaning marami

      • Gerard Kenneth Ng

        yes alam ko nabasa ko.. parang ganito yan eh.. i approached your opinion pero malakas ang loob ko mag sabi ng kung ano2x sayo dahil hindi tayo magka harap personally.. sa tingin ko ang intention ni senator dito is to fish out the possibility.. kung ipahuli man niya ang isang hacker na nakilala nya through what ever eh whose there to say na hindi siya nag iisa.. the possibility na may isang kayang gumawa nito ay malamang may mas madami pa.. ang nakikita kong point nya dito ay ipakita sa madla na ang pandaraya sa ganitong paraan ay possible at hindi urban legend lang

  • Gerard Kenneth Ng

    i believe maganda ang intention ni senator dito.. try provoking the hackers to prove their worth para once and for all mapatunayan sa lahat na ang pang hahack sa election ay possible.. pero sa tingin ko hindi dapat sa comelec mang galing ang pera na gusto nya gawing prize sa makaka sucessfully hack the election..dapat sa smart matic mang galing yun kasi produkto nila yun eh.. kung palpak yun kasalanan yun ng produkto nila hindi sa comelec

    • Rogers Nelson Uy

      lahat maganda intention pag tatakbo, pero nasaan lahat ng pangako kung nakaupo na sa pwesto? parepareho lang yang kurakot

      • Gerard Kenneth Ng

        in this issue sabihin na nating publicity, papogi, pampabango ang ginagawa ng ating butihing senador.. pero alam mo i wouldn’t mind saying na “oo nga no tama siya” tapos move on.. may mapatunayan man siya o wala hindi ko naman siya iboboto dahil dun eh.. ang bottomline dito eh what if totoo nga.. edi isang election nanaman ang nag daan na nadaya ang taong bayan.. kokontrahin ba natin ang issue na ito dahil lang iniisip natin papogi lang ito?  wala pa satin ang makakapag sabi kung totoo nga ito.. pero what if diba? edi wala nganga nanaman tayo

      • Rogers Nelson Uy

        sa election naman dito kung di ka nanalo, nadaya ka, pero gasgas na yang linya nya na dapat kung di rin nya huhulihin yang mga lumalapit sa kanya, manahimik nalang sya, halatang publicity kasi kaya makikita mo yung mga politikong nagpapapansin lang para mapagusapan kasi malapit ng election.

      • Gerard Kenneth Ng

        sana magawan lang ng aksyon ang issue na ito.. kasi isang reason nga kaya tayo nag automated election eh para magkaron ng fair na election.. tapos may ganitong lalabas dba.. edi gumastos lang ang gobyerno para sa election na dadayain lang nanaman.. dapat dito patunayan ng smartmatic na hindi sila hackable.. dare the hackers to hack them in a mock election and get a prize mula sa pera nila.. hindi dapat comelec ang gumastos para sa premyo tulad ng sinasabi ni senator kasi d naman nila system yun eh tska pera nating lahat yun eh

  • Hollie Ronnjay Avila Germar

    Puro kayo ganyan, di p nwwla crab mentality sanyo. hindi nyo muna subukan. tiningin nyo kc puro kayo tama. Kung may magandang resulta nmn ang suggestion nya, eh bakit di nyo muna subukan? puro kayo batikos agad na “Publicity” kung di mag sasalita yan Edi hindi nyo nalaman na me naggnap na ganyang dayaan nnmn? Kung ayaw nyo sa tao Edi Wag Nyo Boto, nasanyo nmn un eh.  Pero kung ISASARA NYO na POSSIBLE nga TOTOO ung sinabi nya edi. WALA TLGA KAYO PAPATUTUNGUHAN. mag Aaway-away lng kayo ng walang mapapala tulad ng senate hearing yan daming salita, di nalang gawin. totoo bulok na batas satin. pero kung tayo tayo rin mga pilipino mag aaway na parang bata.. MAG ICIP ICIP N KAYO.

    God Bless

  • Alim Labixa

    during philippine election time, money talks to win the game so these criminals get away with murder laughing out giving you all the middlefingers.

  • frudo

    sa mga Pinoy hackers na malulufet  sana wag nyo na patulan or tulungan pang manalo ang mga korup na politiko.  kung gusto nyo talaga kumita ng bigtime eh di hack nyo nalang ang mga malalaking bangko kagaya ng swiss bank na pinagiipunan ng karamihan ng pera ng mga korupt na leader ng mundo na ninakaw din nman nila sa mga kani kanilang bansang pinamumunuan,  kasi yung kukunin nyong pera sa mga korup na pulitikong na sabi nyo kaya nyong ipanalo sa pamamagitang ng pag hahack   sa mga mahihirap din nating  mga kababayan yan  babawin.

  • NinjaMan

    senador ka cayetano. bakit hindi mo i-report ang mga pangalan ng mga yan? dahil wala naman talaga may nag offer. style mo lang yan para lumabas ka sa news, para libre media exposure.

    • Catherine

       TUMPAK PO!!!

  • lattuaztar

    A scenario that may completely eliminate fraud is for the COMELEC to scan these ballots, store them in a cloud, and give every citizen access to the database so they can count the votes for themselves.

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:

c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City,Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94


editors' picks



latest videos