Obama sworn in to 2nd term as US president


President Barack Obama pauses after placing a wreath at Arlington Cemetery in Arlington, Va., Sunday, Jan. 20, 2013. AP Photo/Susan Walsh

WASHINGTON— A still-popular Barack Obama took the presidential oath of office for a second term on Sunday, facing a troubled future but hoping to leave behind a battering four years at the helm of a government mired in ugly political division.

When Obama first took office as the 44th U.S. president, many Americans hoped the symbolism of the first black man in the White House was a turning point in the country’s deeply troubled racial history. Obama vowed to moderate the partisan anger engulfing the country, but the nation is only more divided four years later, perhaps as deeply as at any time since the U.S. Civil War 150 years ago.

Obama was sworn in by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts during a brief ceremony with his family in the White House Blue Room, meeting the legal requirement that presidents officially take office on Jan. 20. Because that date fell on a Sunday this year, the traditional ceremonies surrounding the start of a president’s term were put off to Monday, which coincides this year with the birthday of revered civil rights leader Martin Luther King. He was assassinated in 1968.

Obama made no special remarks at Sunday’s ceremony, surrounded by portraits of former White House residents. “I did it,” he said. Out the south-facing windows was a view of the towering memorial to George Washington, the country’s first president.

On Monday, he will repeat the oath and give his inaugural speech on the steps of the U.S. Capitol before hundreds of thousands of people. He then makes the traditional journey, part of it on foot, down Pennsylvania Avenue to the White House. Fancy dress balls, fewer than in 2009, consume the evening hours.

While Obama convincingly won a second term, the jubilation that surrounded him four years ago is subdued this time around — a reality for second-term presidents. He guided the country through many crushing challenges after taking office in 2009: ending the Iraq war, putting the Afghan war on a course toward U.S. withdrawal and saving the collapsing economy. He won approval for a sweeping health care overhaul. Yet onerous problems remain, and his success in resolving them will define his place in history.

He faces bitter confrontation with opposition Republicans over gun control, avoiding a default on the nation’s debts, cutting the spiraling federal deficit and preventing Iran from building a nuclear weapon.

Joe Biden was sworn in for his second term as vice president earlier Sunday, taking the oath from Supreme Court Justice Sonya Sotomayor at his official residence at the U.S. Naval Observatory.

Before taking the oath himself, Obama and his family attended church services at the historic Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church. Earlier, on a crisp and sunny winter day, Obama and Biden laid a wreath at Arlington National Cemetery.

Americans increasingly see Obama as a strong leader, someone who stands up for his beliefs and is able to get things done, according to a survey by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. The survey shows him with a 52 percent job approval rating, among the highest rankings since early in his presidency. His personal favorability, 59 percent, has rebounded from a low of 50 percent in the 2012 campaign against Republican Mitt Romney.

Domestic issues, notably the economy and health care, dominated Obama’s first term, but there were also critical international issues that could define his next four years. Obama may have to decide whether to launch a strike against Iran’s nuclear facilities, something he is loath to do. Washington and its allies believe Iran is trying to build nuclear weapons. Iran says its program is intended for producing electricity. Obama has vowed to keep Iran from crossing the line to nuclear-armed status, but insists there is still time for diplomacy. But Israel is pressuring him to take military action sooner rather than later.

SECOND TERM. President Barack Obama is officially sworn-in by Chief Justice John Roberts in the Blue Room of the White House during the 57th Presidential Inauguration in Washington, Sunday Jan. 10, 2013. Next to Obama are first lady Michelle Obama, holding the Robinson Family Bible, and daughters Malia and Sasha. AP Photo/Charles Dharapak, Pool

Obama will also have to deal with the civil war in Syria, Israel-Palestinian tensions, a chill in relations with Russia and a series of maritime disputes in Asia. The administration has long talked of making a “pivot” toward Asia after the U.S. has directed much of its energy to the Middle East in the past decade.

Yet the political battles at home continue to dominate Obama’s attention. He faces tough opposition from Republicans, especially from among its tea party wing — lawmakers determined to shrink government and reduce the taxes. Republicans are themselves divided between tea party loyalists adamantly opposed to compromises on taxes and spending and mainstream Republicans more open to negotiations.

A confrontation is brewing on the need for Congress to raise the limit on U.S. borrowing. Republicans now plan to avoid a fight in the short term, but they will raise the issue again before summer and will again demand steep spending cuts to reduce the government’s debt. Obama has said he won’t allow them to hold the nation’s economy hostage and will not negotiate, as he did in 2011. A failure to reach an agreement could leave the government without money to pay its debts and lead to the first-ever U.S. default or a government shutdown.

Beyond the debt-ceiling debate are other big budget fights. Looming in the coming weeks are automatic cuts to defense and domestic programs, originally scheduled for Jan. 1, unless Congress and the president act. And the U.S. budget runs dry in March, leading again to a potential shutdown unless both sides agree on new legislation.

Obama is also seeking new restrictions on guns and ammunition, a move opposed by most Republicans and the National Rifle Association, a powerful lobbying group which believes any limits would violate constitutional protections for gun owners. Obama was spurred to action by the massacre last month of 20 children and six adults at their school in Newtown, Connecticut. He has pledged to use “whatever weight this office holds” to fight for his proposals.

Among the second term’s other top-tier issues, immigration may be the one in which Obama enjoys the most leverage. That’s a dramatic change from his first term, when it was relegated to the background.

The White House is hinting at a comprehensive bill this year that would include a path toward citizenship for millions of immigrants now in the country illegally. Republicans, stung by heavy losses among Hispanic voters in the last two presidential elections, say they also want to revamp immigration laws.

lic swearing-in at the Capitol before hundreds of thousands of people.

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  • Bli tz

    Kim Jung Un had NO military experience whatsoever before Daddy made him a four-star general. This snot-nosed twerp had never accomplished anything in his life that would even come close to military leadership. He hadn’t even so much as led a Cub Scout troop, coached a sports team, or commanded a military platoon. So he is made the “Beloved Leader” of North Korea. Terrific!

    Oh crap! I’m sorry. I just remembered that we did the same thing. We took an arrogant community organizer, who had never worn a uniform, and made him Commander-in-Chief. A guy, who had never had a real job, worked on a budget, or led anything more than an ACORN demonstration, and we made him President of the United States – – – – TWICE !!!

     I’m sorry I brought this up. Never mind. [marshallSteen]

    • Karabukov

      I take it you’re an American who didn’t vote for Obama. Get over your loss, eel, study your history, don’t disrespect the American people, and try to comprehend the true nature of leadership and understand why the U.S. founding fathers saw fit to make sure that the U.S. constitution makes certain of civilian supremacy over the military. This idiotic false equivalence about a Kim Jung Un of North Korea is laughable. Quit repeating what you hear and read from like-minded one-track minds and broaden your knowledge.

      • Bli tz

        wrong presumption, douchebag. i am not an american. but i share the sentiment of an american, and have the right for that. so, loss is a word not in my book if you talk about american politics. you’re spewing vile crap.
        best for you to study your own history. even your quote from quezon’s word is nonsense. try to look at what happened to hare-hawes-cutting act; and how many years had lapsed before the tydings-mcduffie got into the hands of the phil assembly. with no significant differences except for the date. and all these sacrifices only because of a selfish personal ambition of a politician, and not “loyalty to a country” as you claimed.. read more and don’t make a second source or your opinion, facts.. 

      • Karabukov

        Douchebag? Vile crap? For wrongly assuming you’re American? (So why say “We…made him Commander in Chief.”?) No, it must be for calling you up on comparing Obama to that boy “leader” of North Korea by saying it’s idiotic. Right, I’ll withdraw the term but the criticism stands.  By the way, calling Obama a community organizer to put him down as unqualified to lead the most powerful nation on earth is a  desperate ploy by extreme conservatives such as birthers and tea partyists to avoid talking real issues and attack the person instead. Nevertheless, being a community organizer is a badge of honor and is a great start for doing something worthwhile anywhere.

  • Karabukov

    Here is a quote from Filipino president Manuel L. Quezon that the obstructionist members of the Republican Party of the U.S. have never heard of, a principle unbeknownst and violated, and is the real reason why they handed Obama his second term and lost the White House again:

    “My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to my country begins.”

  • Bli tz

    karabukov, best for you to study your own history. even your quote from quezon’s word is nonsense. try to look at what happened to hare-hawes-cutting act; and how many years had lapsed before the tydings-mcduffie got into the hands of the phil assembly. with no significant differences except for the date. and all these sacrifices only because of a selfish personal ambition of a politician, and not “loyalty to a country” as you claimed.. read more and don’t make a second source or your opinion, facts..

    • Karabukov

      The quote is genuine and is self-explanatory and you don’t need to know history to understand my point. You seem to imply that Quezon was hypocritical when he said it but you seem more intent on displaying your arcane knowledge of U.S.-Philippine history than making your point clear to everyone.

      • Bli tz

        you did not get it. you’re above the clouds and obviously guessing. initially, in response to my post, you’re claiming that i should study history. when i present to you facts against your quote of history, the only position you gave is that it is self-explanatory and genuine. before you accuse someone of not knowing history, make sure you do know your history. and before you tell anyone of his idiotic idea, make sure idiocy will not be shown in your own words. now i see what you are good at- bad mouthing. you can be a good politician. don’t flame me..

      • Karabukov

        Bad mouthing? Your “facts” against my quote don’t make sense. So no discussion is necessary.

        I was willing to withdraw “idiotic” but your reply makes me say it again: Comparing this U.S. president to Kim Jung Un is idiotic.

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