Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it



CENTENNIAL RITE Members of the Knights of Rizal reenact the transfer of National Hero Jose Rizal’s bones from Binondo to Luneta in Manila during a dawn ceremony marking the 116th anniversary of his death. NIÑO JESUS ORBETA

On December 20, 1898, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, as head of the Philippine Revolutionary Government, issued a decree proclaiming Dec. 30 of every year a national day of mourning in honor of Dr. Jose Rizal and the other martyrs of the revolution against Spain. This was just two years after the execution of the hero by the Spanish colonial government.

On Feb. 16, 1921, the members of the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 2496, proclaiming Nov. 30 of every year a legal holiday to commemorate the birth of Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan.  This was just 25 years after the launching of the nationalist revolution against Spain by the Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan (Highest Honorable Association of Children of the Nation), or Katipunan.

Since then, the names of Rizal and Bonifacio have led the parade of illustrious and valorous heroes honored by generations of Filipinos for their contributions to national unity, freedom and social progress.


Revisionist views

But since the 1960s, there has arisen a revisionist historical trend questioning the standing of both Rizal and Bonifacio in the vanguard of that parade of heroes.

One school of thought contends that Rizal was not worthy to be considered our foremost national hero because he was “made in USA.”

In an article written in 1970, titled “Veneration Without Understanding,” the historian Renato Constantino referred to Rizal as an “American-sponsored hero.”

This viewpoint was expressed during the period of social and political activism led by students, workers and peasants against the brewing Marcos dictatorship and against the American war on Vietnam as an expression of resurgent US imperialism.

Constantino claimed that US Governor General Howard Taft set up Rizal as a national hero because Rizal was considered a “reformist” and a “pacifist,” while Bonifacio was a revolutionary who resorted to violence to gain national independence.

Since the US colonial rulers naturally wanted to discourage revolution against their regime, they chose Rizal over Bonifacio as the Philippines’ national hero.

The message was interpreted by the activists as reflecting their view that it was Bonifacio who most deserved the title of No. 1 Filipino hero.

The Taft Commission, which functioned as the US colonial administration in the Philippines from 1900 to 1904, passed Act No. 37, creating the Province of Rizal out of the military district of Morong in honor of Dr. Rizal.

The act did not formally declare Rizal a national hero, nor proclaim a national holiday in his honor. Besides, the Taft Commission represented a foreign government that had gained power through force and could not speak for the Filipino people.

Popular sentiment

General Aguinaldo, acknowledged leader of the de facto Philippine Republic, proclaimed Rizal a national hero ahead of the American colonial administration.

In compliance with his decree of Dec. 20, 1898, the people of Daet, Camarines Norte, immediately started a subscription for the building of a monument for Dr. Rizal at the town’s plaza.

The monument was inaugurated in February 1899, shortly after the outbreak of the Philippine-American War on Feb. 1.

Hence, the proclamation of Rizal as a national hero was an authentic act of the Filipino people even before the United States officially consolidated its rule.  By no means can it be said that he was an “American-sponsored” hero.

If at all, in supposedly choosing Rizal as our national hero, Taft was only abiding by the popular sentiment of the Filipino people as already expressed through General Aguinaldo, whose government was then sovereign throughout the entire nation, except in Manila.

The proclamation of Bonifacio as a national hero was made by the Philippine Legislature, composed of duly elected Filipino representatives of the Philippine Legislature, then enjoying self-rule under the American colonial regime.

He, too, should be considered a genuine choice of the Filipinos as a national hero despite the objection of the American administration that he was too much of a revolutionary.


Bonifacio revised

Bonifacio, like Rizal, has also suffered from historical revisionism.  The most recent revisionist writing about Bonifacio was that by Bryan C. Paraiso, a senior historical sites development officer of the National Historical Commission.

In Paraiso’s article published by the Philippine Daily Inquirer on Nov. 30, 2012, on the occasion of Bonifacio’s 149th birth anniversary, the hero reveals fervor in his writings. Paraiso described Bonifacio as an “elusive” historical character.

Paraiso went so far as to favorably quote an American historian, Glenn Anthony May, that “the Bonifacio celebrated in history textbooks and memorialized in statues around the Philippines is in reality something closer to a national myth.”

May, who has written a number of controversial books on Philippine history emphasizing the role of the elite in the Philippine revolution and in the armed resistance against American occupation, is a history professor at the University of Oregon.

Paraiso rejected the judgment of Filipino historians like Epifanio de los Santos, who had tried to vindicate the image of Bonifacio against his detractors.

Paraiso considered the writings of De los Santos and other Filipino historians “subjective” interpretation, implying that the foreigners’ interpretation of Philippine history is “objective.”

In fact, the observations of the American historians on our anticolonial struggles could just as well carry bias to justify the colonial conquests of our country.

But is it necessary and helpful for Filipinos to pit their heroes against each other, endlessly debating who are more deserving of popular adoration?

Unique role

Every hero plays his own unique role in history, which is that to defend and promote the interests of the nation at any particular time of national crisis, sacrificing his or her own life and self-interest.

George Washington and Abraham Lincoln are both American primary heroes performing different roles at different times in their country’s historical development. They, too, had their critics.

Rizal consciously planted and nourished the seed of nationalism.  In his novels, essays and proclamations he promoted the idea of freedom and the eventuality of national independence.

At first Rizal advocated reforms. But when the plea for reforms failed, he advocated independence, even through revolution. This is evident in his novel “Noli Me Tangere,” which emphasized reforms, and its sequel, “El Filibusterismo,” which preached revolution.

Rizal’s principal essays, “The Indolence of the Filipinos,” and “The Philippines a Century Hence,” argued for an end to colonialism, by reforms if possible, and, if not, through revolution.

Bonifacio read the novels of Rizal and possibly his two nationalistic essays that were published by La Solidaridad, the periodical of reformist Filipino emigres in Madrid, which Rizal had joined but which he later left when he finally realized that their agitation for reforms were falling on the deaf ears. It was then that Rizal wrote the “Fili.”

La Liga Filipina

It was Rizal’s writings and his growing reputation as a leader of Filipino nationalism that led Bonifacio in 1892 to join Rizal’s La Liga Filpina, an organization that was in essence a shadow government for an independent nation.

The organization of the Liga by Rizal was cited in the indictment against him as one of the acts of treason he allegedly had committed against the Spanish regime.

The stated aims of the Liga, including, “To unite the whole archipelago into one compact, vigorous and homogenous body,” were correctly interpreted by the Spanish authorities as an attempt at separatism.  This led the Spanish government to exile Rizal to the fastnesses of Mindanao.  He was eventually executed upon conviction of treason.

In his memoirs of the Philippine Revolution, Apolinario Mabini recalled that he met Bonifacio at the organization of the Liga.  After Rizal’s banishment on July 6, 1892, Bonifacio and a handful of other members of the Liga tried to keep it alive by continuing to solicit contributions for La Solidaridad.

Mabini, was elected secretary of the Supreme Council of the Liga after Rizal’s arrest.  He later became president of the Cabinet of President Aguinaldo and secretary of foreign affairs in the first Philippine Republic that fought the United States for independence.

The late former Sen. Claro M. Recto, the greatest Filipino nationalist of our time, in a speech in 1960 to a civic convention in Baguio City, identified “Rizal, the poet, thinker, realist; Bonifacio, the idealist man of action; and Mabini, the statesman,” as “three of the greatest nationalists this country has produced.”


When the Liga finally dissolved because of disagreements among its officers, Bonifacio formed the Katipunan, which was totally dedicated to the objective of overthrowing the Spanish colonial government through armed revolution.

Bonifacio had come to the conclusion that the period for petitions had ended, and that revolution had become an imperative.

The Katipunan was therefore a direct outgrowth of the Liga Filipina.  Bonifacio used the name of “Jose Rizal” as one of the passwords for the members of the secret society. It was an acknowledgment by Bonifacio that Rizal was his mentor and inspiration, if not his leader.

All revolutions start out with petitions for reforms. Thus it was with the French, Russian and American revolutions. The US Declaration of Independence states: “In every state of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms:  Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.”

The rejection of the petitions for reforms by the La Solidaridad propagandists, including representation in the Spanish parliament, paved the way for the bloody Katipunan revolution for separatism.

In his seminal essay, “The Philippines A Century Hence,” published by La Solidaridad from Sept. 30, 1898, to Feb. 1, 1890, Rizal wrote that if the reforms were not granted, “the Philippines one day will declare herself inevitably and unmistakably independent …. Necessity is the strongest god the world knows, and necessity is the result of physical laws put into action by moral forces.”

Rizal planted the seed of revolution, and Bonifacio watered it. They were the twins of historical necessity.  The dynamic of history brought them together, each to fulfill fated roles in the struggle of our people for nation-building and independence.

That their legacies should be made to compete against each other goes against the law of history, which mandates that each historical figure, like every generation, has a definite role to play in the destiny of a nation.

Divide and rule

Revisionists are employing the time-honored colonial tactic of “divide and rule” to impose and perpetuate their dominance over conquered peoples.

Those who play this game, pitting our heroes against each other, and planting seeds of suspicion about their worth, are playing the game of our former colonial masters.

As Recto said in the same speech, “A firm belief in the genius of our race and in the capacity of the people for advancement toward the attainment of their destiny is another basic component of nationalism.”  Destroy that nationalism and you destroy the nation.

After all, colonialism does not end in the mere overthrow of the colonial power. Colonial institutions are left behind, especially after 400 years of foreign domination (350 by the Spaniards and 50 by the Americans).

There are leftovers of colonialism that must be swept away completely before the colonial subjects can be totally free, especially when they are embedded in the habits of the mind.

The destruction of the characters of national heroes are tantamount to sabotage of the nation’s strength and noble purposes.

Continued efforts to annihilate the message of Rizal by preaching that he had retracted his writings is a subterfuge to destroy nationalism.

The same goes with efforts to mythologize the persona of Rizal’s partner in nationalism and revolution, Bonifacio.

Bertolt Brecht, European poet and playwright, in his play, “Galileo,” has written, “Unhappy the land that needs heroes.”

The Philippines is an unhappy land of misery, poverty and underdevelopment. It needs heroes. Why destroy them?

Paraiso denigrated Bonifacio even on the occasion of his death anniversary, which the nation reverently observed.

Paraiso said, “Fate has been unkind to Bonifacio.  His mystery-shrouded life ended in ignominious death.”

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, “ignominious” means “marked by shame or disgrace: dishonorable.”

It is bad enough that this honorable and courageous “son of the people” (anak ng bayan) should be called a “myth” by an obscure American historian, and his death should be called shameful or disgraceful by an employee of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.

The courage of Bonifacio

It is true that Bonifacio was executed by an order of Aguinaldo in a struggle for power within the revolutionary movement. But Bonifacio faced his fate bravely, with the same invincible courage that he had mustered in building the revolutionary movement from a handful of patriots to thousands of poorly armed zealous partisans eager to lay down their lives for freedom and independence.

Bonifacio did this through four long years of painstaking recruitment in secret rites in darkened rooms under the very noses of the increasingly nervous colonial and clerical authorities, with every moment fraught with the danger of discovery, torture and death.

And finally, when the movement was inadvertently discovered, he launched the revolution armed only with a revolver, assaulting a military arsenal, igniting the revolutionary war that vindicated and upheld the honor and manhood of generations of Filipinos who had been chained in colonial thrall for three and a half centuries.

Following disagreements in the ranks of the revolutionaries, Bonifacio was shot and wounded as he resisted capture by soldiers he considered renegades to the revolution.

His captor, Col. Lazaro Makapagal, claimed that Bonifacio shed “bitter tears” when, together with his brother, he faced certain death, but he did not beg for his life, and the tears he shed were certainly due to his frustration that the revolutionary movement that he led to fruition was in danger of disaster.

Bonifacio’s background showed that whatever his faults, lack of courage was not one of them.

As the quintessential revolutionary, Mao Zedong said, “A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; …. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”  It is not so orderly like romantic fiction.

Ratified by the people


Yes, Bonifacio’s death was a personal tragedy.  But it was not “ignominious.”

Even as he considered himself a victim of injustice by some of his fellow revolutionaries, he did not abandon the revolution.

He decided to leave Cavite, the province of his factional adversaries, to continue to fight the revolution elsewhere.

“Heroes are those who have a concept of nation and therefore aspire and struggle for the nation’s freedom,” said the technical committee of the National Heroes Commission in a report to President Fidel V. Ramos on June 3, 1993.

Rizal and Bonifacio met that standard completely. They are, so far, the only heroes who have been honored by decree and law with national holidays. The rest are equally honored with special holidays.

The members of the committee who drafted the criteria for heroes were recognized historians and writers: Dr. Onofre D. Corpuz, Samuel K. Tan, Marcelino Foronda, Alfredo Lagmay, Bernardito R. Churchill, Serafin D. Quiason, Ambeth Ocampo (then known as the monk Dom Ignacio Maria), Prof. Minerva Gonzales and Carmen Guerrero-Nakpil.

Other historical figures

The committee recommended nine other historical figures to be recognized as national heroes in a report to the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (Decs) in a report on Nov. 22, 1995.

But the Decs took no action on the recommendation for fear that it would stir controversy.

Rizal and Bonifacio, who had already been declared national heroes by acts of Congress, led the list of heroes made by the committee.

The choice of Rizal and Bonifacio as the foremost national heroes has been ratified by the Filipino people through many generations as evidenced by the statues erected spontaneously in their honor in towns and cities throughout the archipelago.

Historical revisionism, for whatever reason, will not erase this heartfelt veneration in concrete and stone by all Filipinos nationwide.

(Editor’s Note: The author, Manuel F. Almario, is a veteran journalist, freelance writer and spokesperson of the Movement for Truth in History [Rizal’s MOTH]. He can be contacted at mfalmario@yahoo.com.)

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  • filipinaskoh

    I Still considered Rizal as our national Hero; Bonifacio is just second to Rizal.

    As the saying goes ” The Pen is mightier than the Sword”.

    Intelligence, knowledge, aspiration and courage are traits owned by Rizal. He acquired vast knowledge through education and experience besides he is multi-talented- he was exceptionally gifted, very very few individuals had such gifts.

    Anyone can hold a sword, anyone brave can wield a sword but not everyone can wield a pen to move people.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/A3B5B7CAS25M3OSQSEBXPKDEIU zafirol

      Too bad all he did was write 2 books and die.. He should have made things that had Filipinos gain an upper hand against Spain. For all all his intelligence he decided to die than direct the Filipino people to win against Spain. He is 10 X smarter than Gandhi , yet Ghandi was able to kick out the British with a stick.
      Pen is mightier than the Sword is just a saying. Rizal with his writing did not successfullly kick out Spain to show his might. Philippines fall to the long sword of the Americans later.

      • pabulaka

        Maybe you prefer to idolize Psy since his music has garnered a billion hits in You Tube. Inciting a country with his writing is still a unique skill and not too many people can do that. I agree that Rizal is the national hero; even Bonifacio honored him.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/A3B5B7CAS25M3OSQSEBXPKDEIU zafirol

         You must be a psycho Budsky. Your agreement with Rizal has nothing to do with with Psy. Time for you to get out of you tube and get a life.

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_3RMNEZCQQHXWOQRXJROQ2CORFU Homer Guo


  • AngMandarambong

    I agree Bonifacio and Rizal are our foremost national heroes.  Since the Marcos time, spearheaded by his descendant (Cesar Virata), Aguinaldo’s image is being rehabilitated and his role in history being revised. I do not agree that this controversial figure be declared as a “national hero” and be on equal footing as the two. It is good that DECS has not taken action on this. 

  • 12JEM

     Rizal and Bonifacio….Mga Tunay na Bayani ng Lahi.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/ERN64IINJUN3BPQMZNKKHUHFI4 Critical

      I second the motion!

  • Komen To

    Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it, and when the tree was growing big, Aguinaldo cut it and sold to the Americans

    • batangpaslit

      pinapatay si Bonifacio, at pinapatay si Gen Luna

    • TinimbangNgunitKulang

      So it is only fitting that the remains of Aguinaldo be exhumed and hung.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/A3B5B7CAS25M3OSQSEBXPKDEIU zafirol

       He also ordered the execution of Bonifacio .

  • mabyrik

    In the infancy period of our history as a nation, Rizal planted the seed of revolution and Bonifacio watered it. Along the way, many lives were lost and many heroes were hailed as it grew from infancy to adolescent to young adult.

    In its adolescent, a new set of heroes blurted out from out of the blue and one name stood out-Ninoy.
    It was Ninoy who planted the seed of changes and Cory watered it. Ninoy had to sacrifice his life in seeding the changes in our fragile democracy, which was being converted into a garrison state by a des//potic dic///tator Marcos then his wife, the iconic Cory watered the seed by instituting reforms after the ouster of the dic///tator. 
    Cory had to endure coups after coups by hardliners enrile and honasan, who, incidentally never had it so good when they were still in good graces with the dictator and turned traitor only when they found out they were being eased out of the inner circles of the dictator. Their turning against the dictator was not born out of love for the of country but for the love of themselves. 

    Cory, true to to her words, relinquished her mandate as promised and ramos went from there.

    Then like a thi///ef in the night, another nightmare came out, supported by the bishops, who can’t distinguish a right from wrong, a decent from indecent and a honest from dishonest. That nightmare-GMA.

    As the nation grows to a young adult, the people, led by an incorruptible son of Ninoy and cory, Pnoy, also grow. 

    The nation is slowly growing to a young fine man. GMA’s trusted trained dog CJ Corona was impeached and ombudsman Gutierrez resigned to evade embarrassment.  GMA is now in jail for plunder and many crimes she has to face without bail. RH was passed and the people rejoiced.

    The economy is starting to take-off as confidence in economy and in government grows to a highest level. This feeling of confidence has never been felt for years because the people, the investors, the global neighbors see sincerity in pnoy’s leaderships in contrast to what the bishops, GMA’s supporters and pnoy’s critics are saying.

    These green-eyed monsters, most especially the bishops, even after RH was passed continue to spread lies in trying to paint Pnoy as unfit president. Unfortunately for the bishops,  the more they lie, the more the people look up to Pnoy as the best to lead us, just like, but an irony, when the bishops blessed corona for his acquittal in impeachment, the blessing turned out to be the curse for his conviction.

    Our nation is still very young. In 2016, another candidate in the mold of gma and appears to be a pandak na maligno is rating high in surveys. The nation may be heading to another nightmare in 2016 unless this pandak na maligno is exposed for  what he really is, a maligno, then our nation will grow as a responsible adult able to compete against anyone in the global neighborhood.           .

    • batangpaslit

      Maverick, alam mo ba kung saan nanggaling ang pera ng pambili ng Hacienda Luisita?
      Nagbago ba ang Pilipinas pagka upo ni Pres Cory?
      Napalitan lang ang mga mandurugas—from Marcos’ boys to Cory’s kamag-anak.

    • Pinoyexpat

      Fully agree with this view. Speaking of binay and what is he capable of, just look at makati and how every official there is a binay! Imagine Philippines becoming another makati!

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

        Capable of destroying the country with his corruption and political dynasty and allies. He never built Makati, it was the business people headed by the Ayalas. Binay just stole to enriched himself and family.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/ERN64IINJUN3BPQMZNKKHUHFI4 Critical

        Yes. Kaya tingnan mo ngayon, may dynasty na rin sa makati Ang mga binay

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

      Philippines grew from braved heroes to the most corrupt in Asia. How can you say the economy is growing when the pesos was the same rate 10 years ago and now still the same 40 to a dollar, but the P100 cannot even feed a single meal anymore compare to ten years ago when it will even last for couple of days.

      • mabyrik

        we have just gone through a long and cold fall followed by chilly winter, punctuated with destructive snowstorms . Figuratively, these 2 seasons brought immeasurable damage to the nation, just like the long 9 years of impunity under GMA. After winter comes spring. It will take several more months before people can enjoy the warm summer. 
        the nation under Pnoy is just emerging from a winter and is now into the very early stages of spring. It will take several more months before summer beacons.
        And besides, the damage brought forth by the winter season under GMA was so severe, that the repair works being done in spring will not be easy. 
        I am using figure of speech to explain my point and it is up to you to comprehend.

      • cogito728sum

        Very, very good mabyrik except for a few observations.  Shouldn’t it be adolescence rather than ‘adolescent’?  Also, though you’re more observant than another one I know who insist in using small letter at the start of every sentence, I noticed a lapse in your first sentence.  I believe though that it was more of inadvertence as the consistency in the following sentences shows.  Don’t get me wrong.  I’m not trying to be smart.  Just trying to convey the thought that posts like this should be highly appreciated.  Those metaphors are superb.  Thank you and please, keep it up.

      • mabyrik

        It’s OK. Thank you for pointing the lapse and for appreciation. Sometimes, in my eagerness, I failed to self-check. I know you as a mild-mannered individual and I take it as friendly reminder. 

  • TinimbangNgunitKulang

    It does not matter who between Rizal and Bonifacio is greater. It only matters that Aguinaldo be exposed for the jackass and traitor that he was. He does not belong to the roster of Philippine heroes.

    • mad_as_Hamlet

      I agree.  And Aguinaldo’s remains must be reinterred.  Side by side with that of Marcos. To await Enrile’s and GMA’s remains.

      • patrickinca

         best comment ever!! love it!

      • divictes


  • http://profile.yahoo.com/A3B5B7CAS25M3OSQSEBXPKDEIU zafirol

    General Aguinaldo ordered the execution of Bonifacio. How can he proclaim Bonifacio as a national hero after he got him murdered.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

      To cover the Cavitenos atrocities and treason.

  • divictes

    If Rizal planted the seeds of revolution, he was a reluctant farmer.

    • $17848434

      Reluctant farmer or not, he still planted the seeds of revolution, to be watered by a Bonifacio nurtured by the KKK, then cut down by that illegal logger Aguinaldo with the help of GMA’s lolo Colonel Makapagal.  The proceeds of that seed was then sold by Aguinaldo to the Americans and invested by his apo Cesar Virata, a tuta of Marcos.

  • GintongLahi

    He who planted the seeds; he who watered the seeds; he who ate the fruits beared by the plants that Rizal and Bonifacio dreamed for all Filipinos.

  • Islaslolo

    Thank you for a well written historical account of our national heroes, Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio,

    I agree that there is no point pitting one against the other as who should be recognized as THE national hero. They are both our national heroes and should be recognized as such. Both played their own roles in our struggle to be a free nation. Let us always remember their examples and move forward, being aware that the struggle to be a free nation is not quite accomplished yet.

  • http://www-blogjosemig200905com.blogspot.com/ Jose Miguel Garcia

    It may be true that Jose Rizal planted the seed of nationalism- the organic Determinant of National Actions or DNA. Andres Bonificio carried it to pass it on to all generations of us, filipinos.

    In a letter to his mother, Jose Rizal wrote: “I had a lawsuit with the Chinese and I vowed not to buy any more from them, so that sometimes I find myself very hard up. Now we have almost neither dishes nor tumblers.”

    Edgar Wickberg, who wrote “The Chinese in Philippine Life 1850-1898″ said that in 1895, while in exile in Dapitan in Mindanao, in the southern Philippines, Jose Rizal was filled with righteous indignation at the “exploitation” of the natives by the Chinese traders, and appealed to the local residents to boycott the Chinese shops. He also opened a small sari-sari store to compete against the Chinese.

    Nick Joaquin, the late Philippine cultural icon, even praised Rizal’s actions: “And because Chinese financiers had a stranglehold on native agriculture, Rizal set up the Cooperative Association of Dapitan Farmers, a pioneer in economic nationalism.

    Andres Bonifacio, leader of the armed revolution, had related in a letter how his troops once “raided some twenty Chinese stores and emptied them of their food supplies.”

    The Father of the Philippine Army, and hero of our country, Gen Artemio Ricarte included in the vision for our nation which he distributed in the country, the ban of the chinese from banking and business.

    The next generations of our elders carried this DNA in the 1900s.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

      Let us get rid of all the Chinese and deport them to China starting with Pnoy and Kris

    • http://www-blogjosemig200905com.blogspot.com/ Jose Miguel Garcia

      Around November of 1924, we developed check points set up for identifying and assessing foreigners entering our country as part of our defense system of checking further foreign infiltration. However, the United States government, with their military might to back up their policies, dismantled them.  An editorial appeared on June 5, 1926 in The Tribune. It made a comment regarding: the chinese making a plaything of our exclusion laws; their out maneouvering us from the start of our border checking operations, making a fool out of us.

      At the same time we filipinos took physical actions in parts of Luzon and Manila to dismantle chinese establishments.  Unfortunately, the U.S. established auxilliary corps of their armed forces- the Philippine Constabulary, blocked our actions.

      We were gaining control of our nation had not for U.S. intervention.  It gave foreign invaders room for manoeuvre against our own series of manoeuvres thru legal operations with the Retail Trade Nationalization Law in 1954.  After we implemented this law, some 8700 of the 10,000 chinese who rushed to get hold of certificate of filipino citizenship papers after 1946, did so after 1954.  Except on paper, the number of chinese able to control retail trade was still the same.

      Today, Henry Sy, Lucio Tan, Black Sand Miners, Lucio Co, rice cartels, Danding Cojuangco and many others destroying our nationhood have taken over control of development of our nation.  

      Today, we filipinos have lost possession of our lands and control of our development. But today, we will recover our DNA we inherited from our elders, and recover possession and control of our nation.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

    Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it, and Aguinaldo and his traitor followers killed it.

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_3RMNEZCQQHXWOQRXJROQ2CORFU Homer Guo

       well said

  • $17848434

    Re: Mr’s comment on deporting Chinese: Si Pnoy na lang kaya, huwag si Kris, top grosser yan ng sa MIFF or is it MILF! lol

  • mykmiguel

    A great written article! very enlightening! Now i learned that i was a victim of ” the time-honored colonial tactic of “divide and rule” to impose and perpetuate their dominance over conquered peoples”. And I’m so sad to see one such revisionist who is employed in National  Historical Commission. I think this man, Bryan Paraiso, who “denigrated Bonifacio even on the occasion of his death anniversary, which the nation reverently observed” should make a public apology for “pitting our heroes against each other, and planting seeds of suspicion about their worth” OR resign from NHC! I’ll be the first one to sign up in a petition for his resignation. More power to you, Sir Almario!

  • zeroko

    Dr. Jose Rizal is the best Chinese who adopted the Philippines body and soul. We need Chinese like him who really accepts the Philippines as his HOME. Unlike the present generation of Chinese whose only motive is to enrich themselves at the expense of the Filipinos, Dr. Jose Rizal is an exception. We see thousands of example on how the present crop of Chinese has cheated the Filipinos in many ways.

    Go to Divisoria whole sale stores. If you are a Filipino, the price of items are so expensive unlike if you are a Chinese. The Store will sell you a different price much cheaper than the price they sell to the Filipinos. This is the reason why Filipino merchant are at the disadvantage. Also, Chinese are selling fake, substandard, and short selling which means, the weight and specification of products they sell to Filipinos is below expectation. They would even miss-brand so many products. The Chinese sell fake and cheap Chinese products and pass it on as Del Monte Fruit cocktail, the soap from China “Love” is fake as Dove U.S. product by changing the letter L in Love with D as Dove soap. Take the case of Libbys Corn Beef (U.S.) which are really cheap “Maling”. Name brand perfume is also a favorite target of Chinese. If I mention all these cheating s the Chinese  does to the disadvantage of Filipino buyers, this space would not be enough. 

    How can we say that these Filipino-Chinese are playing a level playing field if they resort to cheating. 

    There is also the case of election. Many Filipino-Chinese has occupied high positions in the government because once they get their post, they would appoint Chinese, their comrades, in government positions, again, to the disadvantage of the Filipinos.

    And the Universal fact that stronger race would sooner or later take over the control of inferior race is very much accepted. The Filipinos is always at the loosing end when it comes to the competition against the Filipino-Chinese group because Filipinos would venture in anything by himself while Chinese are back up by Chinese Chamber of Commerce. Their financial and technical support is unlimited. Take a newly opened Chinese Hardware. Where on earth can you see a merchant whose merchandise are  complete to the smallest detail? In fact, once a Chinese merchant open up his business, he has already have Filipino servant working in their business. The Chinese “Owner” can not even speak a simple native Filipino dialect, which means that he is not really a legitimate businessmen, but an illegal alien that has been sent here to do business. Go to Divisoria and see for your self the hundreds of Chinese merchant who can not speak “tagalog” yet, they are allowed by our Chinese Dominated Government as though they have not violated our law against illegal migrants doing business here. 

    Mind you, the “Chinese sphere of Influence” which the American government has predicted is very much alive in our country. We need another Dr. Jose Rizal to fight for our national sovereignty and foster our nationalism.

    The Filipinos is in great disadvantage because from the “Conquestadores” Spaniards who burnt and erase our culture, from the first Americans who took control of the Philippines from the Spaniards, the Japanese who maltreated us during WW II, now the Chinese. We never have been free from foreign intrusion. We have been a conquered nation ever since. An we have the problem of national identity. Many of us does not know who were really are. There is an absent of NATIONALISM which is inherent to any nation on earth.

    We have allowed the Chinese take-over without firing a single shot.

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_TJLBFK6Y4JTVHRRL3PAFMU4VPI Pola

       So okay lang ang kidnapping pag INSIK ang biktimahin – huwag mga kawpa Pinoy.

    • lennonpaul

       i think Rizal belong to malay race not chinese..

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/PXNVCYDD2MCTVMJK2JLWYDA5PM John

        He’s Chinese too.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/PXNVCYDD2MCTVMJK2JLWYDA5PM John

      Yeah RIzal has a Chinese blood

    • Meow Ming

      Did you know that Rizal when he was exiled in Dapitan put up a store to compete with chinese merchants who are taking advantage of the locals?  

    • Guest

      Jose Rizal, with all due respect to his wishes, is first and foremost, an “Indio Puro” or a “Filipino Puro”.

      A document was shown Jose Rizal to which he drew attention to the fact that he was
      incorrectly described as a chinese mestizo, saying that he was an “indio puro.”   This is from a report by Austin Coates.  He is someone acquainted with the family of the sister of Jose Rizal- Narcisa.  Austin Coates reported in 1960 in “Rizal: Philippine Nationalist and Martyr” published by the Oxford University Press:

      It was Rizal who established using the term “…indio as our badge of racial pride!…we shall become Indios Bravos!”  This is reported in 1997 by Asuncion Lopez-Rizal Bantug
      with Sylvia Mendez Ventura in, “Indio Bravo: The Story of Jose Rizal.”

      Rizal further declared: “I do not agree. This is unjust! Here it says that I am a half- breed, and it isn’t true! I am a pure Filipino!”   This is reported by a filipino lawyer and diplomat Leon Ma. Guerrero in “First Filipino,” which won the first prize in the 1961 Rizal biography writing competition sponsored by the Jose Rizal National Centennial Commission.

      As Jose Rizal wished, he is not a malay, nor a chinese, but an “Indio Puro” or a “Filipino Puro”.

  • Dog

    dapat ang alisin si aguinaldo.. he bought and sold the country.

    • elvisaya

      sya rin kaya nagpapatay kay gen antonio luna..? pa-traydor din yun..  

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_QHGUJ3OJZAOIMBYYWTABNV2EEM Ai

        How do you know? Nasa Visayas kaya ang mga ninuno mo.

      • ApoNiLolo

        Kahit saang lupalop pa man galing ang kanyang ninuno, kung sya’y nag babasa ng kasaysayan ng kanyang lipi, mag kakaroon sya ng kaalaman sa kung anong nangyari nung unang panahon.

        Ikaw, anong basihan mo sa iyong haka-haka?

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_3RMNEZCQQHXWOQRXJROQ2CORFU Homer Guo


    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_QHGUJ3OJZAOIMBYYWTABNV2EEM Ai

      He didn’t sold it. He fought a hopeless battle against the Americans. Sisihin mo si Quezon. Learn your history.

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_3RMNEZCQQHXWOQRXJROQ2CORFU Homer Guo

         obvious na di ka nagbabasa maigi. tama si dog. go back to reading a lot on history.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

         Absent to nung nagbigay ng history test ang teacher nya o kaya di ginawa research sa mga kasamaan ni Aguinaldo na duwag.

  • boybakal

    Rizal PLANTED SEED of revolution; Bonifacio WATERED IT.

    I don’t buy this that Rizal planted the seed and Bonifacio watered it.
    First of all, Bonifacio was a TABAK revolutionario, he probably cut the seed when it started to grow that made the Spaniard angry..

    Second, Rizal might be a Hero, a rebel hero against Spain during a short period when Spain is about to abandon the Philippines.
    He cannot be a true Filipino hero as his name is Rizal, there is no letter Z in our ABAKADA for him to be called truly Filipino hero.

    I would rather prefer LAPU LAPU as the Hero of our time….truly filipino, home grown.
    His name is Lapu lapu without family name, a name during that time.
     He was the one who planted the seed of revolution and he cut Magellan and his men with his Itak and TABAK.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/7D4P5PLHV42NDQITEGNBXC6BBI Miles

      Ano kamo??? Dahil walang letter Z ang ABAKADA hindi na tunay na bayani o tunay na Pinoy si Rizal dahil may letter Z apelyido niya?? 

      Helloooooooo! Saan lupalop ka galing? 

    • akimaxx

      Ang mga manunulat noon, may ‘pen name’  Rizal is the pen name of our hero. Dr. Jose Rizals parents were Teodora Alonzo, the mother and Francisco Mercado, the father.

      • ApoNiLolo

        Wrong! Jose took the Rizal surname (his paternal grandmother’s maiden name) to disassociate him from Paciano so he could enroll in Letran. Paciano was kick-out from Letran because of his subversive activities while studying there.

        You should not “make-up” stories to justify what you thought to be true. Read and research is the key to arrive to a correct conclusion.

        BTW, his pen name was Dimasalang!

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       ikaw ano ba pangalan mo na di naimpluinsyahan ng Spanish, sige nga sabihin mo pangalan mo dito unless amoy tai ang tunog.

  • zeroko

    Mabuhay ang Filipino, lalaban tayo. Ipagtangol natin ang sarili nating bansa!

  • zeroko

    Look what happen to our claim to the Panatag group of Island. Our
    Filipino-Chinese President dismally failed to protect our country against the
    Chinese intrusion. We withdraw our ONLY navy ship, the American donated Coast
    Guard Cutter from Scarborough Shoal during the standoff. He lied when he said,
    the Chinese has declared fish ban in the said area even if it was not
    true. He stopped former militaryman Faeldon to proceed to Scarborough Shoal to
    make a “show of force” by going there with hundreds of Filipino fishermen.
    He is reluctant to file the case to UNCLOS or United Nation Convention on Laws
    of the Sea, to the disadvantage of our country. 


    PNoy our President, a Filipino-Chinese busy himself selling our
    government lands and government Corporation to the Chinese. He is even silent,
    pretending not to notice it, but our precious minerals like gold,
    silver, copper, aluminum etc, are being stolen by the Chinese by operating
    mines that are not listed. These Chinese businessmen or firms would even import
    illegal Chinese miner to our country. How many times did our Bureau of
    IMmigaration caught there Chinese miners in our country. And yet, PNoy, our
    Filipino-Chinese President does not seem to give so much attention on what is
    happening around. Our Chinese Dominated Legislative Branch is also at fault.
    Why do we not institute death penalty to Chinese and Taiwanese Chemist who
    manufacture these illegal drugs. YAWA! While our military
    are targeting our indigenous people who are merely protecting their
    birth-right to their ancestral land, PNoy has not even made an statement on
    what is happening around. Take the case of that Italian priest who was
    dastardly murdered in Cotobato for fighting for the cause of the indigenous
    people. It is a fact that the military has a hand on the killing, yet, our
    Filipino-Chinese President is closing his ears and eyes to the injustice.


    Remember, when PNoy, our Filipino-Chinese President before he took
    his office as our President made an Oath in the Luneta Grand Stand to defend
    our Constitution and our Sovereignty. He he he. What happen now, the Chinese
    has already extracting oil and gas in our PANATAG shoal and PNoy is just making
    “bungisngis.” Is this the kind of President we want? He has committed
    an act of TREASON for selling our land and government properties to the Chinese
    through his Public Private Partnership, yet, nobody seems to care.


    Remember the native Hawaiians, remember the American Indians,
    the Eskimo of Canada and Alaska, the indigenous people of
    Australia, they are now a vanishing breed. Their country is no longer their
    own. We might wake up one day, and that day is just around the corner and
    realize that the Philippines is no longer in the hands of the Filipinos. I will
    run as Independent Mayor Candidate here in Q.C. precisely to defend our
    country. Once elected, I will send a strong message to these Filipino-Chinese
    to mend their ways. It is not yet too late.


    • daniboy2012

       hmmp..very interesting views!!!!..

    • jga94

      Fiction writer much….

  • zeroko

    Noon, may MAKABEBE na nagsilbe sa mga Amerikano upang hanapin si General Aguinaldo.. Noong panahon ng Japanese takeover, nariyan ang mga MAKAPILI na suot ang bayong sa ulo, pinapapatay nila ang kapwa nilang Pilipino kahit na walang kasalanan. Ngayon, natiyan ang mga Pilipinong NAGBEBENTA NG BOTO PABOR SA IBANG LAHI!

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       Karamihan dyan Kapangpangan kaya tinawag silang dugong aso.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_QHGUJ3OJZAOIMBYYWTABNV2EEM Ai

    Aguinaldo had mistakes in leading towards an independent Philippines and I consider him as my National Hero more than Rizal and Bonifacio.

    • Islaslolo

      Are the assassinations of Andres Bonifacio and Antonio Luna just mistakes or deliberate acts since they threaten his leadership?

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       Independent? He sold us to the Americans and the Japanese. He sacrificed Del Pilar just to delay his capture.

  • kilabot

    rizal planted, bonifacio watered, aguinaldo harvested; 
    ninoy planted, cory watered, noykapon harvested. and wasted.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/25A7RL6OZ7JWSTMRQE2NQSK4UQ dd

      What about GMA and Ramos?  They did come before Pnoy.

      • boypalabobo

        Madali yan.
        Ramos planted.  Erap watered (more like drank alcohol), GMA harvested.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/TI55XLCNTWAACFSQMEP3AOSHPA Mita

        … and kept it for herself.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       Kala ko si Glorya ang nangharvest at si Erap sinacrifice, he he.

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_IZS723M7OQL5GJ43IEJMJUDDIY hanep

        Kaano – ano kaya  ni  Gloria  yung Col. Lazaro  Makapagal   na inutusan

        ni  Aguinado  na damputin  at  patayin si Bonifacio ?

  • http://www.facebook.com/flowsotelo Flow Sotelo

    Dead Inquirer.Net:

    Sana malagyan nyo ng Dislike Button dito sa comments. Please lang. I liked the article, but I really do not like some comments and it would really help me express my opinions if you’d put a dislike button for the comments. Thanks.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/25A7RL6OZ7JWSTMRQE2NQSK4UQ dd

      Isn’t that the purpose of the reply button?  Not only can you say ‘dislike’ but you can also give them a piece of your mind.

      • http://www.facebook.com/flowsotelo Flow Sotelo

        I like the enhancement: nag-dislike na, may reply pa. Parang YouTube.

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       wow another anti-freedom of speech, if you want to dislike, you can refute the person’s argument, unless you do not know how to argue.

      • http://www.facebook.com/flowsotelo Flow Sotelo

        Anu naman ang anti-freedom of speech sa pagkakaroon ng dislike button? Hindi ka ba sanay mag-dislike sa YouTube? A dislike button will, in fact, enhance freedom of speech/expression.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_3RMNEZCQQHXWOQRXJROQ2CORFU Homer Guo

    remove aguinaldo in the list of heroes

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       You cannot, you always hear him every Christmas from your inaanaks.

  • tonyoks

    resurrecting Rizal’s persona and stirring a century old mystery of why he was to be shot by musketry will not jive very well with the Roman Catholic Church hierarchy…

    their signature is all over this enigma…

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

       The Roman Catholic abuses were the reason why our heroes had revolted against Spain, and up to now, this same stupid religion still mingling with our government and abusing the separation of church and state.

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/WDAV2VKWQ7PNDEXBXNQ3SXOABU Pidro Bayan

        don’t worry, you ll die ahead with your fake religion! just relax and wait, you will not be troubled by the Roman Church then!

  • jga94

    Sad how some posters here totally turn around such an insightful article and make it a jumpoff for their own dubious agenda (obviously anti-govt) spewing half-truths and total lies…..

  • daniboy2012

    dapat ituro sa mga unibersidad at pagdebatihin…kung sino ang tunay na mga bayani at sino ang mga taksil!…..para di sila pamarisan at hindi mamatay ang alab ng pagiging makabayan ng bahat pilipino.

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_7W7IOOVSMXPI4IM4SMGC47FS7I larry

      correct ka dyan

  • bugoybanggers

    Si RIZAL ang ginamit ng mga AMERIKANO para panghimasukan ang buhay ng mga PILIPINO. Siya din ang tulay para maUTO ng mga AMERIKANO ang mga rebolosyunario laban sa mga KASTILA. Siya din ang ginamit ng mga AMERIKANO para maitaguyod ang pagbagsak ng KATOLIKISMO ng BANSA. Si RIZAL din ang ugat kung bakit naging TAMAD ang mga PILIPINO. Sulat-Daldal ang adhikain ni RIZAL. Ang kailangan ng mga PILIPINO ay KUMILOS at gumawa ng paraan para UMUNLAD ANG BANSA sa pamamagitan ng pagSISIKAP! Hindi sa mesa at bollpen lang ang dala. Si RIZAL ay walang alam sa makinerya.. wala siyang interes sa INDUSTRIALISASYON kaya tayo napag iwanan ng JAPAN at KOREA. Puro sulat.. sulat… sulat… yun lang. Baw!

    • http://profile.yahoo.com/PXNVCYDD2MCTVMJK2JLWYDA5PM John

      yeah. americans made him the national hero.

      • abner

        si rizal na intsik pala ay ginawang hero ng amerkano?? ah…di pala siya dapat ang bayani. Amerkano pala pumili..

      • bugoybanggers

        Si RIZAL ay INSTIK!!!

      • bugoybanggers

        Hindi ka ba nagbasa? Sino ba ang nakakilala kay RIZAL.. ang mga KANO!

    • ApoNiLolo

      Huwag mong idahilan si Rizal sa pag kolonisa sa atin ng Kano. Sasakupin tayo ng Kano, nandyan si Rizal o wala.

      Huwag mong sabihing ginamit ng Kano si Rizal sa pag bagsak ng katolikismo. Ang mga pare mismo ang may kasalanan kung bakit unti-unting tumitiwalag ang mga deboto.

      Huwag mong sisihin si Rizal sa pagiging tamad ng ilan nating kababayan. Nasa tao yan kung gusto nilang guminhawa ang buhay o manatiling nakalugmok sa kanilang kinatatayuan.

      Lahat ng iyong tinuringan ay MALI! Mababaw na pananaw ng isang ignorante at makitid mag-isip!

      • bugoybanggers

        Mababaw ang dahilan mo LOLO. Wala ka sa tuno kaya nga dapat sinamahan mo na lang si RIZAL mo. Ang tao ay dapat may tamang INSPIRASYON.. iyan ang BAYANI, hindi sa tulad ni RIZAL na dakilang INSTIK baboy! Ang pagkaPILIPINO ay lalong nababoy dahil INTSIK BABOY ang ginawang bayani ng mga KANO para sa mga PILIPINO.

      • ApoNiLolo

        Mag bigay ka ng halimbawa kung papano na baboy ang pagka Pilipino ng gawing bayani si Rizal?

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_HOCSZLQBWVGXXI2NZJ2P7LMPHA Leond Yobar

    Rizal planted the seed of revolution, and Bonifacio watered it… Until now we are still in darkness fighting for a true revolution a fight among ourselves vs the shadows of the past, the rich are getting richer the poor becomes poorer we are controlled only by 10 fimilies and the pagan- catholic church as the number 1.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/QM7PHXH3IFE3RZLXXAB7I37TTY HyperAgla

    Dapat kasi silang dalawa na lang ang National Hero(es) natin. They are the perfect combination of characters.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/UZMYIL5FXLVIHRZXBQGONZS6U4 Jhune

    Move on Filipinos, our national heroes contributions shall be our inspiration to make our nation great.  

  • simonibarra27

    Kongrat nga pala sa CBCP,,, 116 taon na pala yung PINAPATAY nyo! Di parin nagigising yung sambayanan! Again Kongrats kasi hangang ngayon CBCP paring ang nagdidikta sa gobyernong ito! Sorry ka nalang Rizal malakas talaga ang Kampon ni SATANAS,,,sa PINAS.

    • bugoybanggers

      Halang ka boy! wala kang alam, wala pa ang CBCP noon kasi ENGLISH!

  • ApoNiLolo

    “The committee recommended nine other historical
    figures to be recognized as national heroes in a report to the
    Department of Education, Culture and Sports (Decs) in a report on Nov.
    22, 1995.

    But the Decs took no action on the recommendation for fear that it would stir controversy”

    I hope Aguinaldo and Marcos were not in that short list!

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/FN3CXBADTS744BOL4XXDG2QDXY reizhargej

    this writer is not worthy dont implant your views on us. u have not summarized yet and will not red further on your article. get the facts straight.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/P4PIU2AIGVXJNQ4UBH5X64MSFE mr

    The next Filipino politicians that came after Aquinaldo learned all their corruption from him and for being a traitor when collaborated with the Japanese. Aguinaldo and his government ministers agreed to dissolve the
    rebel government and go into exile in Hong Kong–they received legal amnesty and an indemnity of 800,000
    Mexican dollars. When Japan seized the Philippines during World War II, Aguinaldo
    cooperated with the occupation. He joined the Japanese-sponsored
    Council of State, and made speeches urging an end to Filipino and
    American opposition to the Japanese occupiers.So, he sold the Philippines twice to the enemies.

    • Albert Einstien

      1944 Benigno Aquino Sr- charged with TREASON- japanese collaborator( they were called -MAKAPILI )

      In December 1944, as the American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces,  BENIGNO AQUINO SR. with others were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On August 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People’s Court

  • simonibarra27

    Rizal is not a MYTH. Ninoy is a FRAUD, Filipinos are full of SNIT! We alway pretend to know all the solutions but we dont. CBCP is the CANCER!

  • ApoNiLolo

    Thank you Mr. Almario for your write-up. It justified what I assumed actually happened in our “whitewashed” history and at the same time made me think twice the true characters of the major players involved.

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_IZS723M7OQL5GJ43IEJMJUDDIY hanep

    Who is this MOFO  Bryan  C. Paraiso ?

  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_IZS723M7OQL5GJ43IEJMJUDDIY hanep

    Unschooled as Bonifacio was,  he  knew, as if by instinct that  
    Imperialist Spain  would  not give up  the spoils  
    it  was  extracting  from  the Filipinos  and  their  ancestral  
    real  estate.  While Rizal  had  the illusion  that   reforms  were  forthcoming.
    Rizal  was a landed ilustrado  just like  the ones  Uncle Sam  used as
    puppets  to  control  its newly acquired  colony.
    Thus giving more than a kernel of truth to the
    claims that Rizal was a Yankee – sponsored hero.

    Bonfacio  sprung  from  the masses  and  
    he  got it  right from  the get go  and  advocated  
    outright  overthrow  of  the Castillan  Imperialist  domination.

    Aguinaldo was nothing but a pretender and a power – hungry assassin.

    In my book,  Andres  Bonifacio  is the authentic Revolutionary Hero and Nationalist.

    • bugoybanggers

      anong IMPERIALIST. Ang tunay na imperialist ay ang PANGINOON MONG AMERIKANO!

      • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_IZS723M7OQL5GJ43IEJMJUDDIY hanep

        Bugoy….bugoy ka  talaga.

    • PhilippineSalt

      Amen. Si Jose Rizal… free thinker yan…Andres Bonifacio should be the one.

  • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

    Wala sinakripisyo din si Gregorio del Pilar para maubos lahat ng mga nationalist at matira ang mga corroborator sa mga mananakop katulad ni aguinaldo

  • Chihuahua

    Andy Bony, his brother and gen Luna were all victims of the treachery of Gen Emi Agi, deceived and murdered in a power struggle. Gen Agi did the Americans a big favor. How is it possible that Gen Agi is considered and revered as one of the pantheon of heroes? His treachery include open collaboration with the Nipponese that murdered millions during the years of their occupation. Equally baffling are the laurels, aquinos and many other collaborators never really were called to and punished for their deeds for their roles during the Nipponese puppet 2nd republic but have instead resumed their social status as oligarchs? These and many Phl Benedict Arnolds can only happen in Phl.

    • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

      Sabi nga nila history is written by victors! kaya pala karamihan sa mga pinoy e nagtitiyaga na lang sa tira ng mga corroborators at mga basatardo ng mga Espanyol…

  • CyberPinoy

    Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it, WHILE AGUINALDO GRAB THE GLORY and KILL ALL OPOSITION.

    What a revolution it is where the brave died and the killer lives and glorified.  So when will the Filipino learn not to patronize the tyrant and the selfish so called hero! Here comes a new election expect to see Erap to have the vote again from the same stupid people.

    • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

      Masasabi lang natin na incompetent si Erap pero siya ang pinili ng masa…samantalang ang nagtanggal sa kanya ay ang mga corroborators na sina Makapagal, Ang CBCP, mga negosyanteng intsik, mga bastardo ng Kastila at damay pati si CORY.

      • CyberPinoy

        Ok bro maaring tama ka incompetent lang kaso ang masaklap nito dahil sa pagiging incompetent nya yung mga pinipili nyang mga tauhan ay tyrant, killers at selfish power hungry parasites. so basically sya padin ang parang Aguinaldo that will do anything just to grab power whatever it takes while his dogs roam around, at ang masaklap pa nito siya din ang pinipili ng masa. Kaya nga sabi ko When will the Filipino people learn from history when the same thing happens all over again.

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Pero hindi ka man lang nagtataka bro kung bakit gustong tanggalin ng mga crook na katulad ni Makapagal, CBCP etc si Erap kung ang pinipili nito e mga crook ding katulad nila?

  • Chihuahua

    Heroes are supposed to represent the values and spirit of a nation. They serve as role models of the youth molding their thoughts and character. Traitors, collaborators and murderers such Gen Emi Agi have no place in the pantheon of heroes.

  • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

    No wonder hindi tayo umuunlad eh daming crooks sa gobyerno kasi hindi sila TUNAY na Pilipino sa isip, sa salita at lalo na sa gawa.

  • kilabot

    aguinaldo’s killer instinct reminds one of another caviteño general who left behind a murderous trail and got away with it.. hint: he is a noman.

  • warillaman

    who is this paraiso kid ???? dapat ibitin ito ng patiwarik at nagmamarunong, I think he should be ban from the philippines, persona non grata!!! debasing the only one and foremost hero of philippine revolution, he should say about the treachery of aguinaldo or bading ito at in love kay aginaldo!!!!

  • patrickinca

    The problem is that books and propaganda had instilled into the minds of the filipino that the pen is more powerful than the gun. If you noticed on rizal’s writings that he is putting a small hint that ultimately a violent revolution is inevitable if the spaniards will not grant his petition. But Rizal is a coward in my book and a hopeless romantic which got scared when bonifacio asked his support for the upcoming revolution. Bonifacio sacrificed everything while Rizal enjoyed a privileged life and most of his writings are just a bunch of delusional ideas which the stupid nostalgic filipinos love to read. Eventually here we are, our society are a bunch of more words less action type of people. We love to revise other people’s ideas and bask on the accomplishment of others and label it an accomplishment and pride of the Philippines. Rizal is a hero but not to be considered as the same level than Bonifacio. Andres Bonifacio should be the true National Hero.
    About Aguinaldo? I see the likes of him still exist especially in the senate….like Enrile. Murderous and opportunistic.

    • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

      You simply don’t understand El Filibusterismo…please reread it and know what was the real intention of Rizal…”the taste of the pudding is in the eating” ika nga

      • http://profile.yahoo.com/PXNVCYDD2MCTVMJK2JLWYDA5PM John

        But he retracted everything before he died. also, why he wrote everything in spanish? it was only later translated in tagalog. how can filipino who doesnt understand spanish read it?

      • http://www-blogjosemig200905com.blogspot.com/ Jose Miguel Garcia

        He wrote in spanish precisely because we filipinos from north to south at that time understood spanish.  In 1863, Queen Isabel II had decreed the establishment of the public school system in the Philippines.  This implies that teachers assigned to it would instruct their students in Spanish.

        Even up to 1916, when we were already under U.S. occupation, after several years of our resistance to their invasion to which we only surrendered after they resorted to massive hostage-taking and extermination of the civilians among us, Henry Ford made a report to the president of the United States based on his travels through the islands, using ordinary transportation and mixing with all classes of people under all conditions.  He stated that Spanish is: everywhere the language of business and social intercourse; almost indispensable in order for anyone to obtain prompt service from anyone, in and outside of Manila; being customarily used by the Americans who travel around all the islands.

        Alarmed by such a uniting factor, the U.S. aggressor forces utilized education to cut off the potency of our defense system right in our minds.  This is where the foundation of our Determinant of National Actions are located.  Generals Otis and McArthur, facilitated North American of the United States schools, selection of textbooks, assigning of soldiers from the U.S. occupational forces as chaplains, superintendent of schools, and, as teachers.

        It was the United States of North American aggressor forces who cut off the Spanish Language from the Philippines.

      • Ronald_18

        It’s still debatable,. whether Rizal retracted or not. Reports of Rizal retracts came from the priests, they are suspected of being biased for their fate and not to fuel up the revolution.

        I don’t think Rizal retracted. His family suffered a lot from the Spanish authorities and even himself. Also, the priests in our country suppressed the Filipinos for reading his two novels until Recto and the government passed the Rizal law.

      • Magsasaka

        i believe before the passage of Rizal law RCC made all the lobbying just to put this law to rest but just like with RH bill they failed, however, RCC was able to work around Rizal law by influencing our government to provide the schools with castrated edition of all his writings specially Noli and El Fili, almost all the details of dirty works of damasos were gone.

      • ApoNiLolo

        I may not like how patrickinca sees Rizal, but what, may I ask, was Rizal’s intention when he wrote the book?

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Simply put Rizal really wanted a revolution…

        You see according to Fili, the reason why that rebellion didn’t succeeded because the main characters like Basilio and Isagani change their minds when the rebellion is about to be launch as was planned by Simoun but the grounds for rebellion are very compelling especially to the READERS like us and especially to the Filipinos who read at that era…

        Rizal laid the ground work why they should hate the Spanish authorities and only revolution would be the logical solution…

        Why Ibarra posing as Simoun accepted what Father Florentino explained to him why God was so mean to him when his planned revolution never succeeded its because he’s already dying and no matter what he says its all for naught and perhaps he still have faith to God and his reservation about that belief in God might be true somehow? in death!!!

        But the important aspect I guess is that no matter what are the obstacles like Isagani’s love? or the death of the leader of revolution(Simoun) and the gripping faith to God would not deter those who want to have a revolution…for the sake of saving the country from oppressive Spanish colonizers(especially the church

        Or realistically translating it…the death of Rizal(as the instigator of revolution) should not be the reason that a revolution would not be carried out with the likes of Bonifacio and other revolutionaries who will follow suit.

      • ApoNiLolo

        The same assessment as my college class (w/ some small variation) when we studied the book in our Rizal subject way back then.

        What I was wondering was; why belie patrickinca’s understanding when his interpretation concurs with ours?

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Because he didn’t read it by heart and I suspect also that he didn’t read a lot more about Rizal’s work or his life…or simply he got poor reading comprehension…hehe, more likely! :)

        His comments were much the same as those who oppose Rizal…particularly those who advance neo-arms struggle to our current system of gov’t.

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Rizal is not a coward simply because he can’t function as an effective military leader because he got no military background…he’s more adept in soliciting support rather than bearing weapons and using them…

        Besides he’s a very marked man in the eyes of the Spanish authorities and that would hamper the revolution in respect to recruitment and planning of secret attacks.

        Because as I said the ground for revolution is very clear already and if Rizal will actively participate or not it doesn’t matter anymore.

  • $14334231

    “.Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it”…and aguinaldo killed the water boy….this should be your banner……

  • boybakal

    Rizal planted seed of revolution; Bonifacio watered it…

    Si Rizal, itinanim yon Buto, Dinilig ni Bonifacio….Tanong tumobo ba yon tanim o nalanta.
    Putol ang storya.

    I really admire Rizal, a very intelligent, intellectual scholar. Indeed a hero worthy of emulation.
    Rizal  studied and studied, took up so many courses, degrees, masteral abroad.

    My question is…Did Rizal ever work to recoup what has been spent on his education.
    The last time I heard then,yon great great great grandchild of Rizal from one of his sisters ay magtratricycle and renting a room.
    Naubos ba ang pera at kabuhayan ng mga magulang ni Rizal dahil sa kanyang kaaaral at di nagtrabaho.

    This is not to discredit Rizal but nagtatanong lang….He is still a National Hero.

  • archerfan

    rizal was nothing more than a false revolutionary, chosen by the americans to be our national hero because they want somebody like him, scared and non combative, to be our role model so we dont fight and just alow them to abuse us. Like aguinbaldo, rizal is a traitor and a puppet of the occupying countries.  they dont deserve to be part of our history!!

    • Ronald_18

      Bonifacio, doesn’t think. He’s only relies in his hot tempered manner to execute things. Besides, Bonifacio did not won a single battle against Spain. What are his accomplishment(s) (if any) compared to Rizal? Yes, I admire him for putting a group to fight Spain, but aside from that, is there anything that his descendants or followers can bragged about?

      “Sugod Mga Kapatid”, is still being practiced by Filipinos. Puro tapang, wala namang plano!

  • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

    Simply put Rizal really wanted a revolution…You see according to Fili, the reason why that rebellion didn’t succeeded because the main characters like Basilio and Isagani change their minds when the rebellion is about to be launch as was planned by Simoun but the grounds for rebellion are very compelling especially to the READERS like us and especially to the Filipinos who read at that era…Rizal laid the ground work why they should hate the Spanish authorities and only revolution would be the logical solution…Why Ibarra posing as Simoun accepted what Father Florentino explained to him why God was so mean to him when his planned revolution never succeeded its because he’s already dying and no matter what he says its all for naught and perhaps he still have faith to God and his reservation about that belief in God might be true somehow? in death!!!But the important aspect I guess is that no matter what are the obstacles like Isagani’s love? or the death of the leader of revolution(Simoun) and the gripping faith to God would not deter those who want to have a revolution…for the sake of saving the country from oppressive Spanish colonizers(especially the church

    Or realistically translating it…the death of Rizal(as the instigator of revolution) would not be the reason that a revolution should not be carried out with the likes of Bonifacio and the other revolutionaries who will follow suit.

  • http://www-blogjosemig200905com.blogspot.com/ Jose Miguel Garcia

    Jose Rizal, with all due respect to his wishes, is first and foremost, an “Indio Puro” or a “Filipino Puro”.

    A document was shown Jose Rizal to which he drew attention to the fact that he was incorrectly described as a chinese mestizo, saying that he was an “indio puro.”   This is from a report by Austin Coates.  He is someone acquainted with the family of the sister of Jose Rizal- Narcisa.  Austin Coates reported in 1960 in “Rizal: Philippine Nationalist and Martyr” published by the Oxford University Press:

    It was Rizal who established using the term “…indio as our badge of racial pride!…we shall become Indios Bravos!”  This is reported in 1997 by Asuncion Lopez-Rizal Bantug with Sylvia Mendez Ventura in, “Indio Bravo: The Story of Jose Rizal.”

    Rizal further declared: “I do not agree. This is unjust! Here it says that I am a half-breed, and it isn’t true! I am a pure Filipino!”   This is reported by a filipino lawyer and diplomat Leon Ma. Guerrero in “First Filipino,” which won the first prize in the 1961 Rizal biography writing competition sponsored by the Jose Rizal National Centennial Commission.

    As Jose Rizal wished, he is not a malay, nor a chinese, but an “Indio Puro” or a “Filipino Puro”.

    • ApoNiLolo

      Semantics. Genealogy wise, he got Chinese blood. Rizal was just emphasizing his nationalism by declaring that his a Filipino. A man who belongs to a country and not to a race.

      • Albert Einstien

        rizal is already a 5th generation on patrialcal side  ALONE( one side only )  so his chinese blood if there’s ANYthing left is ……: .00000001% chinese & .99999999% filipino ..most probably  NIL,naught, nihil, nix, none , nothing , nought, zero …   :  >  )

      • ApoNiLolo

        I only said his got Chinese blood. How many percentage it may be is irrelevant to what I said.

        Unlike some posters here who insist, as if his a full-blooded Chinese and should not be considered a Philippine hero. You should have posted your reply to bugoybanger. It’s more apt in his comment. >: D

      • Albert Einstien

        do it my friend so that they will we be illuminated…. : > )

      • Magsasaka

         akala ko si Bonifacio ang may dugong chinese

      • ApoNiLolo

        Baka namasukan bilang “bodegero” ng Chinese. >: D

      • Magsasaka

        eh di ba ang portrait kay bonifacio laging naka kamisa de chino

      • ApoNiLolo

        Meron akong nakitang “portrait” sa web na kasama ang ibang bayani. Nakasuot sila ng Benetton. >: D

      • Magsasaka

        yong namasukan bilang bodegero ay maaring totoo pero kasama iyan sa mga paninirang ginawa ni tirona bago pinapatay ni aguinaldo si bonifacio, take note ang berdugo ay ninuno ni gloria macapagal arroyo, mga lahi pala talaga sila ng mga traidor at maduduming dugo.

      • http://www-blogjosemig200905com.blogspot.com/ Jose Miguel Garcia

        We can see documents regarding Andres Bonifacio from page 91 of Bonifacio Papers by Ambeth Ocampo. We can see that Andres Bonifacio is of native of the archipelago and iberian blood.  Here is a quote from this report:

        “While going over pre-war magazines I saw a copy of the marriage certificate of Bonifacio’s parents. It explains why Bonifacio is not in the vecindario of naturales in Tondo. It reads in part:

        D. Jose N. Jovellanos, secular priest of the Archbisopric of Manila, parish priest of Tondo, Manila, Philippine Islands

        Certifies that in Book 9 of Marriages on page 29 is a document that reads: SANTIAGO BONIFACIO with CATALINA DE CASTRO.

        On the 24th of January 1873… Saturnino Buntan, parish priest of Tondo authorized the marriage contracted in Tondo between [Santiago Bonifacio] the son of Vicente Bonifacio y de Alejandra Rosales… and Catalina de Castro, single, mestiza española, a native of the province of Zambales and resident in this pueblo of Tondo… daughter of Martin de Castro and Antonia Gregorio… in the presence of Don Severino Ampil and Doña Patricia Trinidad as witnesses and godparents…”

      • Magsasaka

        thanks, ang dami palang nagkalat na tsismis tungkol sa nga bayani natin at kailangan talaga ng ibayong pananaliksik.

  • Albert Einstien

    happy new year philippines 2013….ALL our HEROES are EQUAL in HIERARCHY …they are all patriots…..as long as they gave their lives for our people & country…that is HEROISM..& we should be thankful….there should be NO fight who is better…like in our laws they may all be considered as PRINCIPAL.. principal by direct participation, principal by inducement & principal by indespensable cooperation….. so whatever contribution they made as principal of the revolution they should be ALL EQUALLY HONORED & RECOGNIZED as our HEROES…though each of us have our own favorites..like choice of beauty is subjective the same with personal choice of individual heroes…personal choice lies on the eyes of the beholder….

    our heroes rizal-legislative, mabini-judiciary & bonifacio -executive….now represents our republican democratic state…

    lets not forget the GREATEST HEROES of all TIME…LAPU-LAPU & SULTAN KUDARAT..I think they are ALSO the heroes of our latest heroes rizal, bonifacio & mabini…all other heroes like SILANGs, makabulos, dizon & trece martirez …

    FACT remains that our warriors LAPU-LAPU & SULTAN KUDARAT were brave and unbeatable during their time….that’s why they are my top favorites..UNDEFEATED & UNFLINCHING…


    Lapu-Lapu was the king of Mactan, an island in the Visayas, Philippines, who is known as the first native of the archipelago to have resisted Spanish colonization. He is now regarded as the first Filipino hero.
    On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and the men of Mactan, armed with spears and kampilan, faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. In what would later be known as the Battle of Mactan, Magellan and several of his men were killed.

    Spanish chronicler Antonio Pigafetta pointed out that Lapu-Lapu wielded a sword that is used by blue bloods of the Moro group. The mention of the name of the sword in several oral stories also proves the widespread existence and use of kampilan across the archipelago at that time.

    Magellan’s voyage chronicler Pigafetta reports that the Christian king Humabon sent a message saying that if they return the bodies of Magellan and his crew, they would give as much merchandise as they wished.

    but Lapulapu’s immediate response was, “We will not give away the captain’s body for all the riches in the world, because his body is the trophy of our victory against invaders of our shore”

    cebu local gullas said “Lapu-Lapu is a good example of determination and willingness to work well. He learned how to ride on a horseback and on carabao proficiently at the age of six years; knew how to read and write at seven; boxed well at nine; became a champion swimmer, boxer and wrestler at eighteen; beat the Bornean marauders and pirates twice at twenty.”

    According to native legend, Lapu-Lapu never died but turned into stone, and has since then been guarding the seas of Mactan. Fishermen in the island city would throw coins at a stone shaped like a man as a way of asking for permission to fish in the chieftain’s territory.


    This great Muslim leader ruled over his Sultanate of Maguindanao (now Mindanao) in a span of 52 years (1619-1671). His career as a ruler was considered one of the most colorful in Philippine history.

    Sultan of Maguindanao in the Philippines. During his reign, he successfully opposed the Spaniards who attempted to conquer his land and hindered the Christianization of the island of Mindanao.

    Sultan Kudarat’s ascendancy, to his defeats by the Spaniards and rival Sultans, through his eventual triumph over Spanish colonialism, by the uniting of virtually all of the present-day Southern Philippines

    BLOODY FIGHT….In the early part of the year 1637, Hurtado de Corcuera, Captain and Governor General of the Philippines, led personally the combined Spanish Indio forces and attacked the Muslim citadel at Lamitan near Lake Lanao. Sultan Kudarat with 2,000 native warriors met the enemy in what was considered as the bloodiest and one of the biggest battles of his career. The Muslim leader and his warriors including women and children, fought great vigor and bravery, many of them heroically dying in the struggle. Kudarat sustained a bullet wound in one arm, fought his way through the Spanish lines & escaped. His wife, clasping her baby at her breast, also ran through the Spanish lines, jumped over a cliff and eluded capture.( kahimyang )
    Sultan kudarat said to his people….. “What have you done? Do you realize what subjection would reduce you to? A toilsome slavery under the Spaniards! Turn your eyes to the subject nations and look at the misery to which such glorious nations had been reduced. Look at the Tagalogs and the Visayans! Do you think that the Spaniards would consider you of better stuff? Have you not seen how the Spaniards have trampled them under their feet? Do you not see how they are obliged to work at the oars and at the factories everyday with all their might and rigors? Can you tolerate anyone with a little Spanish blood to beat you up and grasp thefruits of your labor? A Hlow yourselves today and tomorrow you will be at the oars. I, at least, will be a pilot, the biggest favor they will allow in a ship. Do not let their sweet words deceive you. Their promisesfacilitate their deceits, which, little by little, will enable them to control everything. Reflect on how they dishonored even the minor promises they made to the heads of other nations until they had become masters of them all. See now what is being done to these heads and how they are being led by a rod!”

    In the Philippine Archipelago, there had never been a native dominion as powerful and as extensive as that of Sultan Qudarat. No other native ruler had earned more love, respect, awe, and fear from his subjects and hatred and animosity from his enemies, the Spaniards, who nevertheless had on occasion grudgingly admired him.” (Cesar Majul, Muslims in the Philippines).

    LAPU-LAPU & SULTAN KUDARAT’s IMMORTAL name & UNBEATABLE unflinching warriors made the   INVADERS pee their pants…because they just FIGHT & say NO …invaders set foot in our islands pompous, high spirited & sure of victory with grandeous advanced full battle gears but when they face lapu-lapu & sultan kudarat ..they returned home only with their scalped head with their bodies skinned left on the battlefield…..they are  UNFLINCHING WARRIORS & their  passion for  PATRIOTISM is beyond compare…….they are the FATHERS ,PRIDE & FACE  of all  REVOLUTION against different foreign invaders in our archipelago…SALUTE to ALL heroes   !!!

    your names are IMMORTALIZED  & ENGRAVEd in the hearts & minds  of every PATRIOT and your people are FOREVER INDEBTED to you…. you continue to inspire  younger generations of your  HEROISM, FEAT  & DEFIANCE against insurmountable odds…THANK YOU…!!!

    • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

      They defeated the same Magellan who sailed to the unknown world to discover new lands for Spain as his secondary objective… :)

      Who after sailing to uncharted ocean lost several ships and men to typhoons and luckily in a near death situation from starvation, found the habitable islands of the Philippines to replenish themselves and not so soon that luck was ended by Lapu-Lapu. :)

  • http://joboni96.myopenid.com/ joboni96

    rizal the thinker
    bonifacio the revolutionary organizer
    aguinaldo the government organizer

    sa tulong ng mga marami pang ibang pro pilipino

    pero ang mga collaborators
    ng imperyalistang u.s.
    ang nanalo

    mga apoapohan nila
    nangingibabaw pa rin sa gobyerno
    at sa negosyo

    mga collaborators pa rin

    • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

      Somehow its understandable that these collaborators allowed our colonizer especially the new one(Americans) to reign with little resistance because its a hopeless battle anyway…They’ll gonna lose the battle no matter what they’re going to do(of course the enemies did some convincing themselves by showing their military might to Aguinaldo…he had witness it with his very own eyes perhaps…and might convince them also that they would be more different from the previous one(Spain))

      But what would be the most tyrannical result of that collaboration is that the problem of wealth distibution of the country’s assets favoring the few(especially the colonizers) was never broken but only change hands…to the new FEW locals as the reward for being accomplice to the American whims. They become the new tyrant of the Filipino people as what Rizal correctly predicted in his writings.

      • Magsasaka

         well said

      • Albert Einstien

        1944 Benigno Aquino Sr- charged with TREASON- japanese collaborator ( they were called MAKAPILI )
        Arrest and collaboration charges
        In December 1944, as the American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, Aquino together with other officials  were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On August 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People’s Court

        1968 Benigno Aquino jr– RP lost oil rich SABAH due to his political ambition.

        Aquino was imprisoned on charges of murder and subversion. He was found guilty of subversion and sentenced to death in November 1977. ( MARCOS the MERCIFUL? )This was commuted into exile to allow a humanitarian medical treatment in the United States in 1980, accompanied by his wife. According to some through the efforts of Imelda Marcos convinced Pres. Marcos to be merciful..

        Ninoy’s accomplishments in the Senate and his most famous political stunts. such as the fateful revelation of allegedly 1968 Jabidah Massacre (the killing of about 60 Filipino-Muslims who were being trained for an operation authorized by Marcos to secretly infiltrate & claim the island of Sabah from Malaysia), resulted in the alleged mass killings of our advanced civlian groups mostly tausugs & ilocanos in sabah..and the birth of muslim rebellion in the south (mnlf, milf,biff) ..killings surge to hundred of thousands now.

        NO WONDER ..pres. cory & noynoy will not claim sabah..our LOST oil rich territory due to ninoy’s friendly relations to malaysia? While US government formally informed the british that sabah is not part of malaysia.

        ninoy is a friend to malaysia during marcos time … on his clandestine with fake passports ( not heroic in fact that is a crime on itself ) return to RP;(wikipedia) —-Logan International Airport on August 13, 1983, took a circuitous route home from Boston, via Los Angeles to Singapore. In Singapore, then Tunku Ibrahim Ismail of Johor met Aquino upon his arrival in Singapore and later brought him to Johor to meet with other Malaysian leaders Once in Johor, Aquino met up with Tunku Ibrahim’s father, Sultan Iskandar, who was a close friend to Aquino.

        1986 Corazon Aquino… Chinese were allowed to enter the spratly group of islands in 1987 after marcos was deposed by cory.NOW china is CLAIMING our islands as their own……for people to support her she PROMISED land distribution… but in vain…she released ALL TOP COMMUNIST & MUSLIM REBELS …they grow stronger & death resulted in multitudes…..now rebels are demanding thier OWN territories…

        toppled a CONSTITUTIONALLY elected leader…established a REVOLUTIONAY govt.. made her own constitution –in the guise of REFORMS in 1987…. successful enough PRICES of everything went up
        SKY HIGH.. the poor become poorer ..no more standard of living to talk about ..just plain survival..just compare prices to the time she grab power & left office…

        The Mendiola massacre, also called Black Thursday by some Filipino journalists, was an incident that took place in Mendiola Street, San Miguel, Manila, Philippines on January 22, 1987, in which state security forces violently dispersed a farmers’ march to Malacañan Palace. Thirteen of the peasants were killed and many wounded when government anti-riot forces opened fire on the FARMERS..

        Hacienda lusita massacre- the dispersal at Hacienda Luisita left at least seven people dead and 121 injured, 32 from gunshot wounds…

        Noynoy the reformist..or FALSE PROPHET of change….bowed to continue the legacy of cory REFORMS ( promises)…successful indeed.. the price of EVERYTHING went –up exponentially from 1986 & from 2010 till now jan. 2013, land reforms not yet concluded especially the celebrated … hacienda luisita lands has NOT distributed yet in-spite of supreme court final decision..…moreover, Now the chinese ALREADY CLAIMED our territory & established a government inside our noses…after the noy-trillanes secret deal with china in july 2012
        2013 WHERE are we NOW!? That is the problem…

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        You’re going to retake a territory with only a handful of men? Even how well trained they are in military techniques its still mind boggling how they can succeed? Even if we used the entire fighting force of our country, I still had a healthy doubt about our chances especially if Malaysia chooses to keep that territory?

        Maybe we can negotiate that but it would take more than one representative to close a favorable result… perhaps a delegation that includes the President himself and the whole Congress to back it up(if it will lead to war) and not some blame game directed at Aquino alone…It seems that it made to appear that our country’s foreign policy is very immature or amateurish??

      • Albert Einstien

        they were trained in batches…to be our advance forces….at that time we were number two  in military might in asia….unfortunately NINOY who is a friend of malaysian leaders  exposed marcos plan of RE-CLAIM…..

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Alright! If you really buy that “invasion” idea of Sabah to promote the country’s interest, fine…I really believe that plot will only be loved by class B movie producers…

      • Albert Einstien

        that was during marcos when our afp is a tiger…now ICJ-UN is our best alternative but pnoy govt will never allow that to happen bec malaysian leaders are friends of ninoy.

        i’m just wondering why until now ..they are not filing a claim for sabah in icj-un…  maybe  there must be incriminating records that malaysians holds with their friends & local allies here?

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        Maybe Pnoy has the same hesitation with Ramos, Erap and Gloria?

        Because our historical claim of Sabah is best interpreted when it was read side by side with stories of fictional or of mythical values… :) 

      • Albert Einstien

        $ sign…….who funded the MNLF & CPP-NPA…to destab the govt of manila…both rebellion establshed in 1968.after the exposure of ninoy on the SECRETsabah reclaim plan of marcos ..lol

      • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

        If there’s any…its a pittance really…No wonder both resorted to extortions and kidnappings…

      • http://joboni96.myopenid.com/ joboni96

        sino mang hindi magsulong
        ng ating interes at

        tumulong sa dayuhan
        kontra sa interes natin

        ay collaborator

        japan was not our enemy
        it was the u.s. imperialist’s war

      • http://joboni96.myopenid.com/ joboni96

        quitters don’t win
        kaya tuloy ang laban natin

        marami ring inischolar
        ng imperyalistang u.s.

        na naging mga bagong amo
        mga apoapohan nakaupo pa ngayon

        mga political clans

  • valsore

    Tell me what these so called knights have done to defend the Spratlys abd the Shoal.

    • Magsasaka

      you mean the money stealing knights

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/HGC2U2QUAREAK42HNUTSNQGBVI SolitaJ

    I agree with you Mr. Almario! No need to pit both against each other. Each has his role and place in history! And there are others left unnamed and yet to be acknowledged!

  • http://Inquirer.net/ AlzheimersC

    Rizal is not a coward simply because he can’t function as an effective military leader because he got no military background…he’s more adept in soliciting support rather than bearing weapons and using them…

    Besides he’s a very marked man in the eyes of the Spanish authorities and that would hamper the revolution in respect to recruitment and planning of secret attacks.

    And because as I said earlier, the ground for revolution is very clear already and if Rizal will actively participate or not it doesn’t matter anymore. If not for the Americans meddling… that battle against Spain will not be achieve in mere days only but it will become a battle of attrition needing continued effort from the revolutionaries especially if Spain will send reinforcements from their other colonies.

    Their deaths are inevitable…of Rizal and Bonifacio but the struggle must never cease absolutely!

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/SRLWUTE6TYKA332DDUG5E2YGUQ Sandiego

    What about the Muslims that never bent knee to colonizers. Who defeated the Spanish in many battles. How come PHL never honors them. Probably cause deep down Filipinos know Muslims are not really Filipinos. Muslims are a people apart that’s the truth. A more disciplined people. Much more difficult to conquer. A people confronted with death many times in their history and did not cower. Did not run or beg for mercy.

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