Latest Stories

Teachers revisit theater techniques for teaching under K to 12

BAGUIO CITY—High school students may have realized they were missing a few teachers on the day the new school year officially opened on Monday.

Those 150 teachers were at the Teachers’ Camp here to take a weeklong crash course in a lesson plan strategy that uses theatrical techniques and other performing arts.

“Using the arts to teach something as basic as math and science has been proposed before. But now that we have more school years for elementary and high school, policy-makers are willing to give it a shot again,” said Eduardo Perez, vice president of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) committee on the dramatic arts, who led the weeklong “Sanayang Guro.”

These teachers were exposed to painting, digital film making, theatrical performances and creative writing, principally to help them in handling subjects covered by the special program in the arts (SPA), which the Bureau of Secondary Education had designed for talented and specially skilled teenagers in the provinces, Perez said.

But the sessions also allows the Department of Education (DepEd) and the NCCA to measure the teachers’ creativity, which may help them express facts about math, science and language that today’s students can comprehend, he said.

Perez is drafting a book, initially titled, “Malikhaing Guro: Pedagogy of Heritage Culture,” which advocates the use of folk art, myths and other artistic legacies of a community in presenting mathematical formulas or a scientific theory.

In the Philippine High School for the Arts, for example, teachers have been known to use details of a folk tale like “Mariang Makiling” to explore a math problem, he said.

“We can illustrate the Pythagorean Triangle by measuring the sides of Mt. Makiling, which used to be a maiden according to legend,” he said.

Adapting to the culture of today’s youths also helps teachers approach a lesson topic better, he said.

Math professor, Priscilla Supnet-Macansantos, former chancellor of the University of the Philippines Baguio, and her husband Francis Macansantos, shared writing techniques with high school teachers on Tuesday.

But they were soon engaged in a discussion about the morality and philosophy of American James Cameron’s blockbuster movie, “Avatar,” which the teachers described as an adult fable popular among students.

Perez said today’s youths engage in word play called “flip top” or “pickup lines,” which are in reality metaphors that take the place of the old Balagtasan.

“Teachers [should] know how to use [pickup lines] to [discuss a subject matter],” he said.

He said DepEd’s decision to implement a longer period for basic education, called K to 12, was meant to unearth “gray areas” on the road to improving basic education.

For example, the K to 12 program now requires DepEd and the NCCA to formulate an SPA curriculum now that high school has been converted into a four-year junior high school program (Grades 7 to 10) and a two-year senior high school program (Grades 11 to 12), Perez said.

The SPA program used to be treated as an elective, and government had no formal rules on how SPA pupils were selected, or tracking them down after graduation to see how the lessons impacted on their careers, he said.

Consulting artists and educators have already prepared a draft six-year SPA curriculum to cover changes introduced by the K to 12 program, he said.

According to Perez, an alternative teaching methodology like “Malikhaing Guro” addresses other unresolved policy issues about K to 12.

Among these issues involve the designated “mother tongue” that teachers may use in schools today because some communities insist that their dominant language is more effective, he said.

“But if we have lessons we can impart successfully [using a performance or a painting] without saying a word, wouldn’t that solve that problem?” he asked. Vincent Cabreza, Inquirer Northern Luzon

Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter

Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Tags: Education , K to 12 , K-12

  • http://joboni96.myopenid.com/ joboni96

    nagsasayang lang kayo
    ng pera dyan

    sa sangkaterbang mga bata
    na kailangang ihandle
    ng bawat guro

    mas importante pa
    mike at speaker
    ng madinig sila sa
    overcrowded room

    sec luistro
    nagastos niyo rini
    may higit sa 3 bagong classroom na

    maling prioridad
    dahil may gustong kumita

  • labcu

    ayon wala pa palang kahit outline ng mga lesson plan, hala ginamit isang week para sa training paano ang mga bata? 1 year bago inimplement ang programa dapat inayos na lahat DepEd bakit ngayon pa lang?

    At saka theatrical style para maituro ang magcompute ng measurements alam nyo ba dito where my kids are studying lahat ng nasa loob ng classroom, sa bahay at kahit sa labas ay pwedeng gamitin para magbilang at matutunan ang math, science, arts at iba pa!

    My 5 year old PreK kid knows how to narrate the water cycle, life cycle of a frog, a butterfly, how plants grow, he knows how the solar system works. His reading skills is terrific even incorporatin phonetics. His counting and writing skills is just great.

    The style is just like playing the teacher sitting infront of the kids on the floor. Kids are trained to behave, respect each other, fall in line, be patient and to engage in different dynamics.

    What is being taught in school is being complemented by parents at home because parents are involved in activity, homework, homelink assignment without rubbing the kids the opportunity to master their skills.

Copyright © 2014, .
To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.
Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:
c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94
  1. Enrile chief aide back in PH ‘to face charges’
  2. SC suspends proctor in 2011 bar exams
  3. What Went Before: Enrile denies Gigi Reyes was ‘other woman’
  4. Henares on Pacquiao bashing: I did not start this
  5. Solons seek ample protection for bank depositors
  6. ‘No real progress in PH if dynasties not dismantled’
  7. More legal woes for Cedric Lee
  8. Massive infra spending set
  9. Tragedies at sea: The Sewol and the Costa Concordia
  10. Santiago: Gigi Reyes is Enrile’s fall guy
  1. Kim Henares needs a reprimand, says Cayetano
  2. Suspect in Vhong Navarro mauling tries to leave PH
  3. More legal woes for Cedric Lee
  4. ‘No real progress in PH if dynasties not dismantled’
  5. ‘Mom, I love you,’ says text from student on sinking ferry
  6. Fr. Suarez says last Mass on Easter before returning donated land to San Miguel
  7. Enrile chief aide back in PH ‘to face charges’
  8. Massive infra spending set
  9. Henares on Pacquiao bashing: I did not start this
  10. I’ll follow my conscience on Estrada, says JV Ejercito
  1. KL confirms Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 ended in Indian Ocean
  2. MRT passengers pass the hat for 6-year-old Ashley
  3. Rookie, lady cops lauded for quick response to MOA heist
  4. Malaysia averts another air tragedy; pilot lands troubled plane safely
  5. Revilla says he was joking; Lacson stands by his story
  6. Revilla ‘consulted’ Lacson on how he evaded arrest
  7. Police rule out foul play in Helena Belmonte’s death as boyfriend is ‘traumatized’
  8. Cudia, dismissed for lying, got 99% in conduct
  9. Model Helena Belmonte wished ‘to slash her wrist and hope to die’
  10. Hammer-wielding robbers cause chaos at Philippines’ Mall of Asia


  • Divers begin pulling bodies from sunken ferry in Korea
  • Aquino: ‘Doubting Thomases’ now contributing to PH recovery
  • Fire engulfs apartments in Sampaloc
  • Messy warehouse belongs to Unicef, WFP, says Soliman
  • Suspected Abu Sayyaf rebels release hostage
  • Sports

  • Warriors beat Clippers in playoff opener
  • Pacquiao top Mayweather contender
  • Rain or Shine, Ginebra clash for No. 6 spot
  • Ateneo eyes quarterfinal spot vs Benilde
  • Style contrast marks OneFC ‘Rise of Heroes’
  • Lifestyle

  • Noli Yamsuan, Cardinal Sin’s ‘official’ photographer: ‘I could smell the aftershave lotion of the Pope’
  • Simplifying and lightening life
  • Where to go for Easter night-out
  • Joe de Venecia visits the Queen Mother of Cambodia
  • Fashionistas flock to designer’s wedding
  • Entertainment

  • Show-biz celebrities’ other choices of summer getaway
  • Why ‘Noah’ can’t dock his ark at Philippine theaters
  • Acclaimed artist goes wild while on holiday
  • Believing in this mermaid
  • Missing Xian
  • Business

  • Top-selling insurance agent opens her dream café
  • Connecting and transacting with one another
  • Building wealth for health
  • Why Mandaue Foam buys, rather than rents, space
  • A workplace of new possibilities
  • Technology

  • Nasa’s moon-orbiting robot crashes down
  • Netizens pay respects to Gabriel Garcia Marquez
  • Nokia recalls 30,000 chargers for Lumia 2520 tablet
  • Facebook rolls out ‘nearby friends’ feature
  • Netizens seethe over Aquino’s ‘sacrifice’ message
  • Opinion

  • Epiphany
  • Unpaid creditor vs distressed debtor
  • Moving on
  • From culinary desert to paradise
  • Response to China: ‘Usjaphil’
  • Global Nation

  • Asia seeks Obama’s assurance in territorial spats
  • Cesar Chavez movie sparks memories of Fil-Am labor leaders
  • Filipinos in US poised for success
  • Visas for priests and other faith leaders
  • DOH to continue tracking co-passengers of OFW infected with MERS virus
  • Marketplace